Philip H. Sheridan Memorial Road|
Historic Illinois Route 42
|Length||62.1 mi (99.9 km)|
|South end||Diversey Parkway in Chicago, IL (2800 North)|
|North end||25th and Racine Streets in Racine, WI|
Sheridan Road is a major north-south street that leads from Diversey Parkway in Chicago, Illinois, north to the Illinois-Wisconsin border and beyond to Racine. Throughout most of its run, it is the easternmost north-south through street, closest to Lake Michigan. From Chicago, it passes through Chicago's wealthy lakeside North Shore suburbs, and then Waukegan and Zion, until it reaches the Illinois-Wisconsin state line in Winthrop Harbor. In Wisconsin, the road leads north through Pleasant Prairie and Kenosha, until it ends on the south side of Racine.
From North Chicago to the state line, Sheridan Road is signed as part of Illinois Route 137 in Illinois, and Wisconsin Highway 32 through Kenosha and Racine in Wisconsin. Sheridan Road is known for its historic sites, lakefront parks, and gracious mansion homes in Evanston through Lake Bluff.
A suburban extension of Chicago's Lake Shore Drive to Waukegan was first promoted by the North Shore Improvement Association in the late 1880s. In 1889 this road was named Sheridan Road for Philip Henry Sheridan, a general in the Civil War who coordinated military relief efforts in Chicago following the Great Chicago Fire. Much of the route had been laid out by 1893, and in 1894 it was proposed that the new road should be extended to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Progress on the construction of the road was slowed by local opposition in some of the communities that it was to pass through, and construction was not completed until 1918. A statue of Sheridan by artist Gutzon Borglum was placed alongside Sheridan Road and Belmont Avenue in Chicago's Lincoln Park in 1924.
Sheridan Road in Illinois was once signed as Illinois Route 42. The route was first shown on official maps in 1924; the original route ran along Sheridan Road from the Wisconsin border to Waukegan, then turned west before running south. In 1925, Route 42 was realigned to include all of Sheridan Road in Illinois; the route continued south to the Indiana border at Hammond, and the old route became Illinois Route 42A. In 1929, the southern terminus of Route 42 was changed to the south end of Sheridan Road, making the route coextensive with the Illinois portion of Sheridan Road. Sheridan Road was marked as Route 42 until the highway was removed from the state highway system in 1972.
There are several landmarks and places of interest along Sheridan Road. In order from southernmost to northernmost: