Sherman County, Kansas
Sherman County, KS Events Directory
 
About Sherman County, KS
Sherman County, Kansas
County
Sherman County, Kansas courthouse from W 1.JPG
Sherman County courthouse in Goodland
Map of Kansas highlighting Sherman County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded September 20, 1886
Named for William Tecumseh Sherman[1]
Seat Goodland
Largest city Goodland
Area
 o Total 1,056 sq mi (2,735 km2)
 o Land 1,056 sq mi (2,735 km2)
 o Water 0.2 sq mi (1 km2), 0.02%
Population (est.)
 o (2016) 5,965
 o Density 5.7/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website ShermanCounty.org

Sherman County (standard abbreviation: SH) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 6,010.[2] Its county seat is Goodland.[3] Sherman County was created by the Legislature of 1873, and named after General William Tecumseh Sherman. [4]

History

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1886, Sherman County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,056 square miles (2,740 km2), of which 1,056 square miles (2,740 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.02%) is water.[5]

Sherman County is one of only four Kansas counties to observe Mountain Time. Since Sherman County is part of the Wichita media market and the local broadcast stations are repeat signals of Wichita affiliates, prime-time programming in the county is aired from 6 to 9 p.m. local time, rather than 7 to 10 p.m. as is normal in the Central and Mountain time zones. However, cable providers carry the ABC and NBC affiliates from both Wichita and Denver, affording viewers the opportunity to view programs on those networks at the normal prime-time hours.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Age pyramid

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 6,760 people, 2,758 households, and 1,781 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 3,184 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.83% White, 0.36% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 4.14% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 8.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,758 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.80% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.40% were non-families. 29.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 23.90% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 104.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,684, and the median income for a family was $38,824. Males had a median income of $28,012 versus $20,927 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,761. About 9.70% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.90% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 80.0% 2,089 13.3% 347 6.7% 176
2012 75.3% 1,976 22.0% 577 2.7% 70
2008 72.5% 1,959 25.4% 688 2.1% 57
2004 75.6% 2,088 22.9% 632 1.5% 42
2000 70.6% 1,894 25.4% 681 4.0% 107
1996 68.4% 2,110 23.9% 736 7.7% 238
1992 49.7% 1,630 24.7% 810 25.6% 838
1988 62.9% 1,929 35.3% 1,082 1.8% 54
1984 78.0% 2,702 20.6% 714 1.4% 47
1980 68.9% 2,315 23.2% 779 8.0% 268
1976 50.2% 1,671 47.2% 1,573 2.6% 88
1972 69.9% 2,225 24.7% 785 5.4% 172
1968 57.5% 1,803 30.4% 954 12.0% 377
1964 48.6% 1,463 50.6% 1,522 0.8% 25
1960 65.1% 2,030 34.4% 1,074 0.5% 15
1956 65.0% 1,825 34.3% 962 0.8% 22
1952 70.4% 2,403 27.6% 941 2.0% 69
1948 50.0% 1,380 46.7% 1,289 3.3% 91
1944 60.1% 1,608 38.1% 1,021 1.8% 48
1940 52.2% 1,569 46.5% 1,399 1.3% 40
1936 38.3% 1,159 59.9% 1,814 1.9% 56
1932 32.2% 1,112 61.1% 2,110 6.7% 232
1928 74.6% 2,028 23.2% 630 2.2% 60
1924 45.9% 1,122 21.6% 528 32.5% 795
1920 54.3% 1,066 40.2% 789 5.5% 107
1916 30.8% 582 63.4% 1,196 5.8% 110
1912 13.1% 129 47.3% 465 39.6% 390
1908 43.6% 439 50.5% 508 5.9% 59
1904 60.6% 465 30.1% 231 9.4% 72
1900 46.5% 380 51.2% 418 2.3% 19
1896 39.8% 291 59.8% 437 0.4% 3
1892 43.2% 571 56.8% 752
1888 55.7% 803 33.4% 481 11.0% 158

Sherman County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement.[13]

Education

Unified school districts

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Sherman County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Sherman County is divided into thirteen townships. The city of Goodland is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. Geographically, Goodland is located at the juncture of Voltaire, Itasca, and Logan Townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Welcome To the Official Sherman County Website". Sherman County, Kansas. Retrieved . 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved . 
  4. ^ William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas, published 1883 by A. T. Andreas, Chicago, Il., http://www.kancoll.org/books/cutler/unorganized/unorganized-co-p1.html
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved . 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  13. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved . 

Further reading

External links

County
Maps

Coordinates: 39°21?N 101°43?W / 39.350°N 101.717°W / 39.350; -101.717


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


Sherman_County,_Kansas
 



 

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