Shot Put
Athletics
Shot put
Tomasz Majewski - 2. Memoria? Kamili Skolimowskiej - Warszawa, 2011-09-20.jpg
Polish double Olympic champion Tomasz Majewski
Men's records
World United States Randy Barnes 23.12 m (1990)
Olympic United States Ryan Crouser 22.52 m (2016)
Women's records
World
Olympic East Germany Ilona Slupianek 22.41 m (1980)

The shot put (pronounced ) is a track and field event involving "throwing"/"putting" (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy spherical object --the shot--as far as possible. The shot put competition for men has been a part of the modern Olympics since their revival in 1896, and women's competition began in 1948.

History

Czechoslovak shot putter Plihan at the 1957 East German Indoor Athletics Championships
Shot putter at the University of Nebraska, 1942, showing the circle and stopboard

Homer mentions competitions of rock throwing by soldiers during the Siege of Troy but there is no record of any dead weights being thrown in Greek competitions. The first evidence for stone- or weight-throwing events were in the Scottish Highlands, and date back to approximately the first century.[1] In the 16th century King Henry VIII was noted for his prowess in court competitions of weight and hammer throwing.[2]

The first events resembling the modern shot put likely occurred in the Middle Ages when soldiers held competitions in which they hurled cannonballs. Shot put competitions were first recorded in early 19th century Scotland, and were a part of the British Amateur Championships beginning in 1866.[3]

Competitors take their throw from inside a marked circle 2.135 metres (7.00 ft) in diameter, with a stopboard about 10 centimetres (3.9 in) high at the front of the circle. The distance thrown is measured from the inside of the circumference of the circle to the nearest mark made in the ground by the falling shot, with distances rounded down to the nearest centimetre under IAAF and WMA rules.

Legal throws

Czechoslovak shot putter Ji?í Skobla showing the correct technique for keeping the shot near the neck

The following rules (indoor and outdoor) are adhered to for a legal throw:

  • Upon calling the athlete's name, the athlete may choose from any part of the throwing circle to enter inside. They have sixty seconds to commence the throwing motion otherwise they are banned from the game.
  • The athlete may not wear gloves; IAAF rules permit the taping of individual fingers.
  • The athlete must rest the shot close to the neck, and keep it tight to the neck throughout the motion.
  • The shot must be released above the height of the shoulder, using only one hand.
  • The athlete may touch the inside surface of the circle or toe board, but must not touch the top or outside of the circle or toe board, or the ground beyond the circle. Limbs may however extend over the lines of the circle in the air.
  • The shot must land in the legal sector (34.92°) of the throwing area.
  • The athlete must leave the throwing circle from the back.

Foul throws

Foul throws occur when an athlete:

  • Does not pause within the circle before beginning the throwing motion.
  • Does not complete the throwing movement within sixty seconds of having their name called.
  • Allows the shot to drop below his shoulder or outside the vertical plane of his shoulder during the put.

At any time if the shot loses contact with the neck then it is technically an illegal throw.

  • During the throwing motion, touches with any part of the body (including shoes):
    • the top or ends of the toe board
    • the top of the iron ring
    • anywhere outside the circle.
  • Throws a shot which either falls outside the throwing sector or touches a sector line on the initial impact.
  • Leaves the circle before the shot has landed.
  • Does not leave from the rear half of the circle.

Regulation misconceptions

The following are either obsolete or non-existent, but commonly believed rules within professional competition:

  • The athlete must enter the circle from the back (none of the rule books contain such a clause).
  • The athlete entering the circle, then exiting and re-entering it prior to starting the throw results in a foul (all the rule books allow an athlete to leave a circle prior to starting a throw, but this still counts within the one-minute time limit; the allowable method of exiting the circle varies by rule book).
  • Loose clothing, shoelaces, or long hair touching outside the circle during a throw, or an athlete bringing a towel into the circle and then throwing it out prior to the put results in a foul

Competition

A shot putter with a representation of the circle and legal sector
Shot put area

Shot put competitions have been held at the modern Summer Olympic Games since their inception in 1896, and it is also included as an event in the World Athletics Championships.

Each competition has a set number of rounds of throws. Typically there are three preliminary rounds to determine qualification for the final, and then three more rounds in the final. Each competitor is credited with their longest throw, regardless of whether it was achieved in the preliminary or final rounds. The competitor with the longest legal put is declared the winner.

In open competitions the men's shot weighs 7.260 kilograms (16.01 lb), and the women's shot weighs 4 kilograms (8.8 lb). Junior, school, and masters competitions often use different weights of shots, typically below the weights of those used in open competitions; the individual rules for each competition should be consulted in order to determine the correct weights to be used.

Putting styles

Two putting styles are in current general use by shot put competitors: the glide and the spin. With all putting styles, the goal is to release the shot with maximum forward velocity at an angle of approximately forty degrees.

Glide

The origin of the glide dates to 1951, when Parry O'Brien from the United States invented a technique that involved the putter facing backwards, rotating 180 degrees across the circle, and then tossing the shot.

With this technique, a right-hand thrower would begin facing the rear of the circle, and then kick to the front with the left leg, while pushing off forcefully with the right. As the thrower crosses the circle, the hips twist toward the front, the left arm is swung out then pulled back tight, followed by the shoulders, and they then strike in a putting motion with their right arm. The key is to move quickly across the circle with as little air under the feet as possible, hence the name 'glide'.

Spin

In 1972 Aleksandr Baryshnikov set his first USSR record using a new putting style, the spin ("???????? ???" in Russian), invented by his coach Viktor Alexeyev.[4][5] The spin involves rotating like a discus thrower and using rotational momentum for power. In 1976 Baryshnikov went on to set a world record of 22.00 m (72.18 ft) with his spin style, and was the first shot putter to cross the 22 meter mark.[6]

With this technique, a right-hand thrower faces the rear, and begins to spin on the ball of the left foot. The thrower comes around and faces the front of the circle and drives the right foot into the middle of the circle. Finally, the thrower reaches for the front of the circle with the left foot, twisting the hips and shoulders like in the glide, and puts the shot.

When the athlete executes the spin, the upper body is twisted hard to the right, so the imaginary lines created by the shoulders and hips are no longer parallel. This action builds up torque, and stretches the muscles, creating an involuntary elasticity in the muscles, providing extra power and momentum. When the athlete prepares to release, the left foot is firmly planted, causing the momentum and energy generated to be conserved, pushing the shot in an upward and outward direction.

Another purpose of the spin is to build up a high rotational speed, by swinging the right leg initially, then to bring all the limbs in tightly, similar to a figure skater bringing in their arms while spinning to increase their speed. Once this fast speed is achieved the shot is released, transferring the energy into the shot put.

Usage

Currently, most top male shot putters use the spin. However the glide remains popular since the technique leads to greater consistency compared to the rotational technique. Almost all throwers start by using the glide. Tomasz Majewski notes that although most athletes use the spin,[7] he and some other top shot putters achieved success using this classic method (for example he became first to defend the Olympic title in 56 years).

The world record by a male putter of 23.120 m (75 ft 10.236 in) by Randy Barnes was completed with the spin technique, while the second-best all-time put of 23.063 m (75 ft 7.992 in) by Ulf Timmermann was completed with the glide technique.

The decision to glide or spin may need to be decided on an individual basis, determined by the thrower's size and power. Short throwers may benefit from the spin and taller throwers may benefit from the glide, but many throwers do not follow this guideline.

Types of shots

The shot put ball is made of different kinds of materials depending on its intended use. Materials used include sand, iron, cast iron, solid steel, stainless steel, brass, and synthetic materials like polyvinyl. Some metals are more dense than others making the size of the shot vary, for example, indoor shots are larger than outdoor shots, so different materials are used to make them. There are various size and weight standards for the implement that depend on the age and gender of the competitors as well as the national customs of the governing body.

World records

The current world record holders are:

Type Athlete Distance Venue Date
Men
Outdoor Randy Barnes 23.12 m (75 ft 10 in) Westwood, Los Angeles, California, USA May 20, 1990
Indoor Randy Barnes 22.66 m (74 ft 4 in) Los Angeles, California, USA January 20, 1989
Women
Outdoor Natalya Lisovskaya 22.63 m (74 ft 2 in) Moscow, USSR June 7, 1987
Indoor Helena Fibingerová 22.50 m (73 ft 9 in) Jablonec, CZE February 19, 1977

Continental records

The current records held on each continent are:[8]

Area Men's Women's
Distance Athlete Nation Distance Athlete Nation
Africa 21.97 m (72 ft 0 in) Janus Robberts  South Africa 18.43 m (60 ft 5 in) Vivian Chukwuemeka  Nigeria
Asia 21.13 m (69 ft 3 in) Sultan Abdulmajeed Al-Hebshi  Saudi Arabia 21.76 m (71 ft 4 in) Meisu Li  China
Europe 23.06 m (75 ft 7 in) Ulf Timmermann  East Germany 22.63 m (74 ft 2 in) WR Natalya Lisovskaya  Soviet Union
North and Central
America, and Caribbean
23.12 m (75 ft 10 in) WR Randy Barnes  United States 20.96 m (68 ft 9 in) A Belsy Laza  Cuba
Oceania 22.21 m (72 ft 10 in) Tomas Walsh  New Zealand 21.24 m (69 ft 8 in) Valerie Adams  New Zealand
South America 21.82 m (71 ft 7 in) Darlan Romani  Brazil 19.30 m (63 ft 3 in) A Elisângela Adriano  Brazil

Top 25 performers

Men

Rank Mark Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
1 23.12 m (75 ft 10 in) Randy Barnes  United States 20 May 1990 Westwood
2 23.06 m (75 ft 7 in) Ulf Timmermann  East Germany 22 May 1988 Khania
3 22.91 m (75 ft 1 in) Alessandro Andrei  Italy 12 August 1987 Viareggio
4 22.86 m (75 ft 0 in) Brian Oldfield  United States 10 May 1975 El Paso
5 22.75 m (74 ft 7 in) Werner Günthör   Switzerland 23 August 1988 Bern
6 22.67 m (74 ft 4 in) Kevin Toth  United States 19 April 2003 Lawrence
7 22.65 m (74 ft 3 in) Ryan Crouser  United States 25 June 2017 Sacramento [11]
8 22.64 m (74 ft 3 in) Udo Beyer  East Germany 20 August 1986 Berlin
9 22.57 m (74 ft 0 in) Joe Kovacs  United States 18 May 2017 Tucson [12]
10 22.54 m (73 ft 11 in) Christian Cantwell  United States 5 June 2004 Gresham
11 22.52 m (73 ft 10 in) John Brenner  United States 26 April 1987 Walnut
12 22.51 m (73 ft 10 in) Adam Nelson  United States 18 May 2002 Gresham
13 22.43 m (73 ft 7 in) Reese Hoffa  United States 3 August 2007 London
14 22.28 m (73 ft 1 in) Ryan Whiting  United States 10 May 2013 Doha
15 22.24 m (72 ft 11 in) Sergey Smirnov  Soviet Union 21 June 1986 Tallinn
16 22.21 m (72 ft 10 in) A Dylan Armstrong  Canada 25 June 2011 Calgary
22.21 m (72 ft 10 in) Tomas Walsh  New Zealand 5 September 2016 Zagreb [13]
18 22.20 m (72 ft 10 in) David Storl  Germany 9 July 2015 Lausanne [14]
John Godina  United States 22 May 2005 Carson
20 22.10 m (72 ft 6 in) Sergey Gavryushin  Soviet Union 31 August 1986 Tblisi
22.10 m (72 ft 6 in) Cory Martin  United States 23 May 2010 Tucson
22 22.09 m (72 ft 5 in)i Mika Halvari  Finland 7 February 2000 Tampere
23 22.02 m (72 ft 2 in) Dave Laut  United States 25 August 1982 Koblenz
22.02 m (72 ft 2 in)i George Woods  United States 8 February 1974 Inglewood
25 22.01 m (72 ft 2 in) Tomá? Stanek  Czech Republic 2 June 2017 Schönebeck [15]

Notes

Below is a list of throws equal or superior to 22.43m:

Non-legal marks

Women

Rank Mark Athlete Nationality Location Date
1 22.63 m (74 ft 2 in) Natalya Lisovskaya  Soviet Union Moscow June 7, 1987
2 22.50 m (73 ft 9 in)i Helena Fibingerová  Czechoslovakia Jablonec nad Nisou February 19, 1977
3 22.45 m (73 ft 7 in) Ilona Slupianek  East Germany Potsdam May 11, 1980
4 22.19 m (72 ft 9 in) Claudia Losch  West Germany Hainfeld August 23, 1987
5 21.89 m (71 ft 9 in) Ivanka Khristova  Bulgaria Belmeken July 4, 1976
6 21.86 m (71 ft 8 in) Marianne Adam  East Germany Leipzig June 23, 1979
7 21.76 m (71 ft 4 in) Li Meisu  China Shijiazhuang April 23, 1988
8 21.73 m (71 ft 3 in) Natalya Akhrimenko  Soviet Union Leselidze May 21, 1988
9 21.70 m (71 ft 2 in)i Nadzeya Ostapchuk  Belarus Mogilev February 12, 2010
10 21.69 m (71 ft 1 in) Vita Pavlysh  Ukraine Budapest August 15, 1998
11 21.66 m (71 ft 0 in) Sui Xinmei  China Beijing June 9, 1990
12 21.62 m (70 ft 11 in) Verzhinia Veselinova  Bulgaria Sofia August 21, 1982
13 21.60 m (70 ft 10 in)i Valentina Fedyushina  Soviet Union Simferopol December 28, 1991
14 21.58 m (70 ft 9 in) Margitta Pufe  East Germany Erfurt May 28, 1978
15 21.57 m (70 ft 9 in) Ines Müller  East Germany Athens May 16, 1988
16 21.53 m (70 ft 7 in) Nunu Abashidze  Soviet Union Kiev June 20, 1984
17 21.52 m (70 ft 7 in) Huang Zhihong  China Beijing June 27, 1990
18 21.46 m (70 ft 4 in) Larisa Peleshenko  Russia Budapest August 26, 2000
19 21.45 m (70 ft 4 in) Nadezhda Chizhova  Soviet Union Varna September 29, 1973
20 21.43 m (70 ft 3 in) Eva Wilms  West Germany Munich June 27, 1977
21 21.42 m (70 ft 3 in) Svetlana Krachevskaya  Soviet Union Moscow July 24, 1980
22 21.31 m (69 ft 10 in) Heike Hartwig  East Germany Athens May 16, 1988
23 21.27 m (69 ft 9 in) Liane Schmuhl  East Germany Cottbus June 26, 1982
24 21.24 m (69 ft 8 in) Valerie Adams  New Zealand Daegu August 29, 2011
25 21.22 m (69 ft 7 in) Astrid Kumbernuss  Germany Gothenburg August 5, 1995

Notes

Below is a list of throws equal or superior to 21.49m:

Olympic Medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
 Robert Garrett (USA)  Miltiadis Gouskos (GRE)  Georgios Papasideris (GRE)
1900 Paris
details
 Richard Sheldon (USA)  Josiah McCracken (USA)  Robert Garrett (USA)
1904 St. Louis
details
 Ralph Rose (USA)  Wesley Coe (USA)  Lawrence Feuerbach (USA)
1908 London
details
 Ralph Rose (USA)  Denis Horgan (GBR)  John Garrels (USA)
1912 Stockholm
details
 Pat McDonald (USA)  Ralph Rose (USA)  Lawrence Whitney (USA)
1920 Antwerp
details
 Ville Pörhölä (FIN)  Elmer Niklander (FIN)  Harry Liversedge (USA)
1924 Paris
details
 Bud Houser (USA)  Glenn Hartranft (USA)  Ralph Hills (USA)
1928 Amsterdam
details
 John Kuck (USA)  Herman Brix (USA)  Emil Hirschfeld (GER)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Leo Sexton (USA)  Harlow Rothert (USA)  Franti?ek Douda (TCH)
1936 Berlin
details
 Hans Woellke (GER)  Sulo Bärlund (FIN)  Gerhard Stöck (GER)
1948 London
details
 Wilbur Thompson (USA)  Jim Delaney (USA)  Jim Fuchs (USA)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Parry O'Brien (USA)  Darrow Hooper (USA)  Jim Fuchs (USA)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Parry O'Brien (USA)  Bill Nieder (USA)  Ji?í Skobla (TCH)
1960 Rome
details
 Bill Nieder (USA)  Parry O'Brien (USA)  Dallas Long (USA)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Dallas Long (USA)  Randy Matson (USA)  Vilmos Varjú (HUN)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Randy Matson (USA)  George Woods (USA)  Eduard Gushchin (URS)
1972 Munich
details
 W?adys?aw Komar (POL)  George Woods (USA)  Hartmut Briesenick (GDR)
1976 Montreal
details
 Udo Beyer (GDR)  Yevgeniy Mironov (URS)  Aleksandr Baryshnikov (URS)
1980 Moscow
details
 Vladimir Kiselyov (URS)  Aleksandr Baryshnikov (URS)  Udo Beyer (GDR)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Alessandro Andrei (ITA)  Mike Carter (USA)  Dave Laut (USA)
1988 Seoul
details
 Ulf Timmermann (GDR)  Randy Barnes (USA)  Werner Günthör (SUI)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Mike Stulce (USA)  Jim Doehring (USA)  Vyacheslav Lykho (EUN)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Randy Barnes (USA)  John Godina (USA)  Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)
2000 Sydney
details
 Arsi Harju (FIN)  Adam Nelson (USA)  John Godina (USA)
2004 Athens
details
 Adam Nelson (USA)  Joachim Olsen (DEN)  Manuel Martínez (ESP)
2008 Beijing
details
 Tomasz Majewski (POL)  Christian Cantwell (USA)  Dylan Armstrong (CAN)
2012 London
details
 Tomasz Majewski (POL)  David Storl (GER)  Reese Hoffa (USA)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Ryan Crouser (USA)  Joe Kovacs (USA)  Tomas Walsh (NZL)

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1948 London
details
 Micheline Ostermeyer (FRA)  Amelia Piccinini (ITA)  Ina Schäffer (AUT)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Galina Zybina (URS)  Marianne Werner (GER)  Klavdiya Tochenova (URS)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Tamara Tyshkevich (URS)  Galina Zybina (URS)  Marianne Werner (EUA)
1960 Rome
details
 Tamara Press (URS)  Johanna Lüttge (EUA)  Earlene Brown (USA)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Tamara Press (URS)  Renate Culmberger (EUA)  Galina Zybina (URS)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Margitta Gummel (GDR)  Marita Lange (GDR)  Nadezhda Chizhova (URS)
1972 Munich
details
 Nadezhda Chizhova (URS)  Margitta Gummel (GDR)  Ivanka Khristova (BUL)
1976 Montreal
details
 Ivanka Khristova (BUL)  Nadezhda Chizhova (URS)  Helena Fibingerová (TCH)
1980 Moscow
details
 Ilona Slupianek (GDR)  Svetlana Krachevskaya (URS)  Margitta Pufe (GDR)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Claudia Losch (FRG)  Mihaela Loghin (ROU)  Gael Martin (AUS)
1988 Seoul
details
 Natalya Lisovskaya (URS)  Kathrin Neimke (GDR)  Li Meisu (CHN)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Svetlana Krivelyova (EUN)  Huang Zhihong (CHN)  Kathrin Neimke (GER)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Astrid Kumbernuss (GER)  Sui Xinmei (CHN)  Irina Khudoroshkina (RUS)
2000 Sydney
details
 Yanina Karolchik (BLR)  Larisa Peleshenko (RUS)  Astrid Kumbernuss (GER)
2004 Athens
details
 Yumileidi Cumbá (CUB)  Nadine Kleinert (GER) Not awarded[16]
2008 Beijing
details
 Valerie Vili (NZL)  Natallia Mikhnevich (BLR)  Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)
2012 London
details
 Valerie Adams (NZL)  Yevgeniya Kolodko (RUS)  Gong Lijiao (CHN)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Michelle Carter (USA)  Valerie Adams (NZL)  Anita Márton (HUN)

World Championship medalists

Men

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Edward Sarul (POL)  Ulf Timmermann (GDR)  Remigius Machura (TCH)
1987 Rome
details
 Werner Günthör (SUI)  Alessandro Andrei (ITA)  John Brenner (USA)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Werner Günthör (SUI)  Lars Arvid Nilsen (NOR)  Aleksandr Klimenko (URS)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Werner Günthör (SUI)  Randy Barnes (USA)  Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 John Godina (USA)  Mika Halvari (FIN)  Randy Barnes (USA)
1997 Athens
details
 John Godina (USA)  Oliver-Sven Buder (GER)  C. J. Hunter (USA)
1999 Seville
details
 C. J. Hunter (USA)  Oliver-Sven Buder (GER)  Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)
2001 Edmonton
details
 John Godina (USA)  Adam Nelson (USA)  Arsi Harju (FIN)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Andrei Mikhnevich (BLR)  Adam Nelson (USA)  Yuriy Bilonoh (UKR)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Adam Nelson (USA)  Rutger Smith (NED)  Ralf Bartels (GER)
2007 Osaka
details
 Reese Hoffa (USA)  Adam Nelson (USA)  Rutger Smith (NED)
2009 Berlin
details
 Christian Cantwell (USA)  Tomasz Majewski (POL)  Ralf Bartels (GER)
2011 Daegu
details
 David Storl (GER)  Dylan Armstrong (CAN)  Christian Cantwell (USA)
2013 Moscow
details
 David Storl (GER)  Ryan Whiting (USA)  Dylan Armstrong (CAN)
2015 Beijing
details
 Joe Kovacs (USA)  David Storl (GER)  O'Dayne Richards (JAM)
2017 London
details
 Tomas Walsh (NZL)  Joe Kovacs (USA)  Stipe ?uni? (CRO)

Women

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Helena Fibingerová (TCH)  Helma Knorscheidt (GDR)  Ilona Schoknecht-Slupianek (GDR)
1987 Rome
details
 Natalya Lisovskaya (URS)  Kathrin Neimke (GDR)  Ines Müller (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Huang Zhihong (CHN)  Natalya Lisovskaya (URS)  Svetlana Krivelyova (URS)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Huang Zhihong (CHN)  Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)  Kathrin Neimke (GER)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Astrid Kumbernuss (GER)  Huang Zhihong (CHN)  Svetla Mitkova (BUL)
1997 Athens
details
 Astrid Kumbernuss (GER)  Vita Pavlysh (UKR)  Stephanie Storp (GER)
1999 Seville
details
 Astrid Kumbernuss (GER)  Nadine Kleinert (GER)  Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Yanina Karolchik (BLR)  Nadine Kleinert (GER)  Vita Pavlysh (UKR)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)  Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)  Vita Pavlysh (UKR)
2005 Helsinki[17]
details
 Olga Ryabinkina (RUS)  Valerie Vili (NZL)  Nadine Kleinert (GER)
2007 Osaka
details
 Valerie Vili (NZL)  Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)  Nadine Kleinert (GER)
2009 Berlin
details
 Valerie Vili (NZL)  Nadine Kleinert (GER)  Gong Lijiao (CHN)
2011 Daegu
details
 Valerie Adams (NZL)  Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)  Jillian Camarena-Williams (USA)
2013 Moscow
details
 Valerie Adams (NZL)  Christina Schwanitz (GER)  Gong Lijiao (CHN)
2015 Beijing
details
 Christina Schwanitz (GER)  Gong Lijiao (CHN)  Michelle Carter (USA)
2017 London
details
 Gong Lijiao (CHN)  Anita Márton (HUN)  Michelle Carter (USA)

World Indoor Championships medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]  Remigius Machura (TCH)  Udo Beyer (GDR)  J?nis Boj?rs (URS)
1987 Indianapolis
details
 Ulf Timmermann (GDR)  Werner Günthör (SUI)  Sergey Smirnov (URS)
1989 Budapest
details
 Ulf Timmermann (GDR)  Randy Barnes (USA)  Georg Andersen (NOR)
1991 Seville
details
 Werner Günthör (SUI)  Klaus Bodenmüller (AUT)  Ron Backes (USA)
1993 Toronto
details
 Mike Stulce (USA)  Jim Doehring (USA)  Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)
1995 Barcelona
details
 Mika Halvari (FIN)  C. J. Hunter (USA)  Dragan Peri? (FRY)
1997 Paris
details
 Yuriy Bilonoh (UKR)  Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)  John Godina (USA)
1999 Maebashi
details
 Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)  John Godina (USA)  Yuriy Bilonoh (UKR)
2001 Lisbon
details
 John Godina (USA)  Adam Nelson (USA)  Manuel Martínez (ESP)
2003 Birmingham
details
 Manuel Martínez (ESP)  John Godina (USA)  Yuriy Bilonoh (UKR)
2004 Budapest
details
 Christian Cantwell (USA)  Reese Hoffa (USA)  Joachim Olsen (DEN)
2006 Moscow
details
 Reese Hoffa (USA)  Joachim Olsen (DEN)  Pavel Sofin (RUS)
2008 Valencia
details
 Christian Cantwell (USA)  Reese Hoffa (USA)  Tomasz Majewski (POL)
2010 Doha
details
 Christian Cantwell (USA)  Ralf Bartels (GER)  Dylan Armstrong (CAN)
2012 Istanbul
details
 Ryan Whiting (USA)  David Storl (GER)  Tomasz Majewski (POL)
2014 Sopot
details
 Ryan Whiting (USA)  David Storl (GER)  Tomas Walsh (NZL)
2016 Portland
details
 Tomas Walsh (NZL)  Andrei Gag (ROU)  Filip Mihaljevi? (CRO)

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]  Natalya Lisovskaya (URS)  Ines Müller (GDR)  Nunu Abashidze (URS)
1987 Indianapolis
details
 Natalya Lisovskaya (URS)  Ilona Briesenick (GDR)  Claudia Losch (FRG)
1989 Budapest
details
 Claudia Losch (FRG)  Huang Zhihong (CHN)  Christa Wiese (GDR)
1991 Seville
details
 Sui Xinmei (CHN)  Huang Zhihong (CHN)  Natalya Lisovskaya (URS)
1993 Toronto
details
 Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)  Stephanie Storp (GER)  Zhang Liuhong (CHN)
1995 Barcelona
details
 Kathrin Neimke (GER)  Connie Price-Smith (USA)  Grit Hammer (GER)
1997 Paris
details
 Vita Pavlysh (UKR)  Astrid Kumbernuss (GER)  Irina Korzhanenko (RUS)
1999 Maebashi
details
 Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)  Krystyna Danilczyk-Zabawska (POL)  Teri Steer-Tunks (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
 Larisa Peleshenko (RUS)  Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)  Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)
2003 Birmingham
details
 Irina Korzhanenko (RUS)  Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)  Astrid Kumbernuss (GER)
2004 Budapest
details
 Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS)  Yumileidi Cumbá (CUB)  Nadine Kleinert (GER)
2006 Moscow
details
 Natallia Mikhnevich (BLR)  Nadine Kleinert (GER)  Olga Ryabinkina (RUS)
2008 Valencia
details
 Valerie Vili (NZL)  Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)  Li Meiju (CHN)
2010 Doha
details
 Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)  Valerie Vili (NZL)  Natallia Mikhnevich (BLR)
2012 Istanbul
details
 Valerie Adams (NZL)  Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)  Michelle Carter (USA)
2014 Sopot
details
 Valerie Adams (NZL)  Christina Schwanitz (GER)  Gong Lijiao (CHN)
2016 Portland
details
 Michelle Carter (USA)  Anita Márton (HUN)  Valerie Adams (NZL)
  • A Known as the World Indoor Games

Season's bests

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Colin White (31 December 2009). Projectile Dynamics in Sport: Principles and Applications. Taylor & Francis. pp. 131-. ISBN 978-0-415-47331-6. Retrieved 2011. 
  2. ^ "Hammer Throw". IAAF. Retrieved 2015. 
  3. ^ Shot Put - Introduction. IAAF. Retrieved on 2010-02-28.
  4. ^ Aleksandr Baryshnikov biography on sportsdaily.ru (in Russian) reference tested at 11 May 2009
  5. ^ Aleksandr Baryshnikov, Athlete from Russia (in Russian) reference tested at 11 May 2009
  6. ^ ???????? ???????? (???????), ??????????? ?????? ?????? «??????? ? ?? ???? : ????????? ????????.» reference tested at 11 May 2009
  7. ^ Playboy Poland 8/2012, page 44,45
  8. ^ "Outdoor: Shot Put: Area Records". Official website. International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Retrieved 2011. 
  9. ^ Shot Put - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-24.
  10. ^ Shot Put - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-24.
  11. ^ "Ryan Crouser Wins Shot Put With The Longest Throw In The World Since 1989". flotrack.org. 25 June 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  12. ^ Jon Mulkeen (18 May 2017). "Kovacs throws 22.57m, best in the world for 14 years". IAAF. Retrieved 2017. 
  13. ^ "Shot Put Results". IAAF. 5 September 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  14. ^ "Shot Put Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 9 July 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  15. ^ "12th SoleCup 2017 Results" (PDF). schoenebecker-solecup.de. 2 June 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  16. ^ Athens 2004 Athletics Medalists. Olympic.org. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.
  17. ^ Revision of results following sanctions of Tsikhan and Ostapchuk

External links


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Shot_put