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Guru Nanak with the Other Nine Gurus, Bhai Puran Singh
The Sikh Gurus, referred to as the strong and powerful, are credited with establishing Sikhism, which started as a minor religion, but developed into a prominent religion over centuries. Guru Nanak was the first of the recognized Sikh gurus. There were ten recognized living gurus in the Nanak line. 3 Sikh gurus were born into the Khatri caste and 7 in Jat caste of the Bedi, Trehan, Bhalla and Sodhi gotras (clans). Modern Sikhism believes the Adi Granth or Granth Sahib, the writings of the gurus, to now be the guru. This belief has been integrated alongside the writings of Sikh gurus, and is now called Guru Granth Sahib. Modern Sikhism says that the Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh bestowed the guruship forever to the Guru Granth Sahib.
Of all 10 Sikh gurus, last 6 gurus were persecuted, 2 gurus themselves were tortured and executed (Guru Arjan and Guru Tegh Bahadur), and close kins of several gurus brutally killed (such as 6 and 9 years old sons of Guru Gobind Singh), along with numerous other main revered figures of Sikhism were tortured and killed (such as Banda Bahadur, Bhai Mati Das, Bhai Sati Das and Bhai Dayala), by Islamic rulers for refusing to convert to Islam, and for opposing the persecution of Sikhs and Hindus.
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