State Council of the People's Republic of China
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State Council of the People's Republic of China
State Council of the
People's Republic of China
?
Zh?nghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guówùyuàn
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg
Agency overview
Formed 27 September 1954
Preceding agency
Type Executive branch of the central government
Executive body of the National People's Congress[1]
Highest organ of State administration[1]
Jurisdiction Government of the People's Republic of China
Headquarters State Council Hall, Zhongnanhai, Beijing
Motto "Serve the People"
Agency executives
Child agencies
Website English.gov.cn
State Council of the People's Republic of China
Simplified Chinese ?
Traditional Chinese ?
Literal meaning Chinese People('s) Republic State Affair(s) Court
State Council
(commonly used abbreviation)
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
Literal meaning State Affair(s) Court
Central People's Government
(Constitutional synonym[1])
Chinese
Literal meaning Central People('s) Government
This article is part of a series on the
Politics of China
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg

The State Council, constitutionally[1] synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954 (particularly in relation to local governments), is the chief administrative authority of the People's Republic of China.[2] It is chaired by the premier and includes the heads of each cabinet-level executive departments.[3] Currently, the council has 35 members: the premier, one executive vice premier, three other vice premiers, five state councilors (of whom two are also ministers), and 25 additional ministers and chairs of major agencies.[4] In the politics of the People's Republic of China, the Central People's Government forms one of three interlocking branches of power, the others being the Communist Party of China and the People's Liberation Army. The State Council directly oversees the various subordinate People's Governments in the provinces, and in practice maintains membership with the top levels of the Communist Party of China.

Organization

The State Council meets every six months. Between meetings it is guided by a Standing Committee that meets weekly. The standing committee includes the premier, one executive vice premier, three vice premiers, and five other state councilors (normally one of whom serves as Secretary-General of the State Council, and two of whom concurrently serve as ministers).

The vice-premiers and state councilors are nominated by the premier, and appointed by the president with National People's Congress' (NPC) approval. Incumbents may serve two successive five-year terms.

Each vice premier oversees certain areas of administration. Each State Councilor performs duties as designated by the Premier. The secretary-general heads the General Office which handles the day-to-day work of the State Council. The secretary-general has relatively little power and should not be confused with the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.

Each ministry supervises one sector. Commissions outrank ministries and set policies for and coordinate the related activities of different administrative organs. Offices deal with matters of ongoing concern. Bureaus and administrations rank below ministries.

In addition to the 25 ministries, there are 38 centrally administered government organizations that report directly to the state council. The heads of these organizations attend full meetings of the state committee on an irregular basis.

The State Council is formally responsible to the NPC and its Standing Committee in conducting a wide range of government functions both at the national and at the local levels, and nominally acts by virtue of the NPC's authority. There has been at least one case where the NPC has outright rejected an initiative of the State Council and a few cases where the State Council has withdrawn or greatly modified a proposal in response to NPC opposition.

The State Council and the Communist Party of China are also tightly interlocked. With rare exceptions, State Councilors are high-ranking members of the CPC. Although, as Party members, they are supposed to follow Party instructions, because they tend to be senior members of the Party they also have substantial influence over what those instructions are. This results in a system which is unlike the Soviet practice in which the Party effectively controlled the State. Rather, the Party and State are fused at this level of government. The members of the State Council derive their authority from being members of the state, while as members of the Party they coordinate their activities and determine key decisions such as the naming of personnel.

There were attempts to separate the party and state in the late 1980s under Zhao Ziyang and have the Party in charge of formulating policy and the State Council executing policy, but these efforts were largely abandoned in the early 1990s.

As the chief administrative organ of government, its main functions are to formulate administrative measures, issue decisions and orders, and monitor their implementation; draft legislative bills for submission to the NPC or its Standing Committee; and prepare the economic plan and the state budget for deliberation and approval by the NPC. The State Council is the functional center of state power and clearinghouse for government initiatives at all levels. With the government's emphasis on economic modernization, the State Council clearly acquired additional importance and influence.

The State Council controls the Ministry for National Defense but does not control the People's Liberation Army, which is instead controlled by the Central Military Commission.

Principal officers

Members of the Executive Meeting of the 13th State Council (March 2018 - March 2023)
# Portrait
Name
Birth
year
Government posts Duties Party Party positions Functional roles
1 Li Keqiang (cropped).jpg
Li Keqiang
1955 Premier of the State Council Overall work of the State Council CPC Member, 19th Politburo Standing Committee
Secretary, Leading Party Members' Group of the State Council (zh)
Deputy Chairman, Central National Security Commission
Director, Central Institutional Organization Commission
Director, National Defense Mobilization Commission
Director, National Energy Commission
2 Cristina Fernández junto a Han Zheng, el alcalde de Shanghai (cropped).jpg
Han Zheng
1954 Vice Premier of the State Council (first-ranked) Develop & reform, institutional reform, etc. CPC Member, 19th Politburo Standing Committee
Deputy Secretary, Leading Party Members' Group of the State Council (zh)
3 Sun Chunlan (22551034609) (cropped).jpg
Sun Chunlan

(female)
1950 Vice Premier of the State Council Education, health, sport, etc. CPC Member, 19th Politburo
Member, Leading Party Members' Group of the State Council (zh)
?

?


4 Hu Chunhua.jpg
Hu Chunhua
1963 Vice Premier of the State Council Agricultural and rural affairs, anti-proverty, water resources, foreign trade CPC Member, 19th Politburo
Member, Leading Party Members' Group of the State Council (zh)
?
?
5 Liu He
1952 Vice Premier of the State Council Finance, science and technology, industry and transport CPC Member, 19th Politburo
Member, Leading Party Members' Group of the State Council (zh)
Director of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission Office
6 Wei Fenghe.jpg
General
Wei Fenghe
1954 State Councilor and Minister of National Defense
Member of the PRC Central Military Commission
National defense mobilization, etc. CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, Leading Party Members' Group of the State Council (zh)
Member, CPC Central Military Commission
Member, Central Foreign Affairs Commission
Director,
7 Wang Yong
1955 State Councilor Emergency management, etc. CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, Leading Party Members' Group of the State Council (zh)

?
?

8 Wang Yi - 2017 (36537168903) (cropped).jpg
Wang Yi
1953 State Councilor and Minister of Foreign Affairs Foreign affairs CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, Leading Party Members' Group of the State Council (zh)
Member, Central Foreign Affairs Commission
9 Xiao Jie (cropped).jpg
Xiao Jie
1957 State Councillor and Secretary-General of the State Council In charge of the State Council General Office CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, Leading Party Members' Group of the State Council (zh)
Secretary, Leading Party Members' Group Under the State Council (zh)
10 Zhao Kezhi (cropped).jpg
Police Commissioner-General (zh)
Zhao Kezhi
1953 State Councillor and Minister of Public Security Public security, etc. CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, Leading Party Members' Group of the State Council (zh)
Member, Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission
Member, Central National Security Commission
?

?

Organizational structure

General Office of the State Council

Cabinet-level Departments Constituting the State Council

Cabinet-level departments constituting the 13th State Council (March 2018 - March 2023)
# Logo Name of Department Year Established Current Chief Party Reports To
1 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Wang Yi

State Councilor and Minister of Foreign Affairs
CPC General Secretary Xi Jinping (Director of the Central Foreign Affairs Commission)
? Yang Jiechi (Director of the CFAC Office)
2 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of National Defense
1954 (of PRC) General
Wei Fenghe

(Member of the Central Military Commission)
State Councilor and Minister of National Defense
CPC General Secretary Xi Jinping (Chairman of the Central Military Commission)
3 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)
?
2003 He Lifeng

(Vice-Chairman of the CPPCC National Committee)
Minister in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission
CPC Vice-Premier Han Zheng
4 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Education (MOE)
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Chen Baosheng

Minister of Education
CPC Vice-Premier Sun Chunlan
5 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Science and Technology
1998 Wang Zhigang

Minister of Science and Technology
CPC Vice-Premier Liu He
6 Embelem of Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.png Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)
?
2008 Miao Wei

Minister of Industry and Information Technology
CPC
7 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg State Ethnic Affairs Commission (SEAC)
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Bagatur (Mongol)
?

(Vice-Chairman of the CPPCC National Committee)
Minister in charge of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission
CPC You Quan (Head of the CPC Central Committee United Front Work Department)
8 Police Badge,P.R.China.svg Ministry of Public Security (MPS)
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Police Commissioner-General (zh)
Zhao Kezhi

State Councilor and Minister of Public Security
CPC Guo Shengkun (Secretary of the CPC Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission)
9 Ministry of State Security of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of State Security (MSS)
1983 Chen Wenqing

Minister of State Security
CPC
10 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA)
1978 Huang Shuxian

Minister of Civil Affairs
CPC
11 JUSTICE OF P.R.CHINA badge.svg Ministry of Justice
1979 (re-established)
1954 (of PRC)
1949 (of CPG)
Fu Zhenghua

Minister of Justice
CPC Guo Shengkun (Secretary of the CPC Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission)
12 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Finance
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Liu Kun
Minister of Finance
CPC Vice-Premier Han Zheng
13 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security (MOHRSS)
?
2008 Zhang Jinan

Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security
CPC Vice-Premier Hu Chunhua
14 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry Natural Resources
2018 Lu Hao

Minister of Natural Resources
CPC Vice-Premier Han Zheng
15 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Ecology and Environment
2018 Li Ganjie

Minister of Ecology and Environment
CPC
16 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development
2008 Wang Menghui

Minister of Housing and Urban-Rural Development
CPC
17 Traffic law enforcement signs of the P.R.China.svg Ministry of Transport (MOT)
2008 Li Xiaopeng

Minister of Transport
CPC Vice-Premier Liu He
18 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Water Resources
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
E Jingping

Minister of Water Resources
CPC Vice-Premier Hu Chunhua
19 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
2018 Han Changfu

Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
CPC
20 MINISTRY OF COMMERCE,P.R.CHINA badge.svg Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM)
2003 Zhong Shan

Minister of Commerce
CPC
21 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Culture and Tourism
2018 Luo Shugang

Minister of Culture and Tourism
CPC Huang Kunming (Head of the CPC Central Committee Publicity Department)
22 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg National Health Commission (zh)
2018 Ma Xiaowei

Minister in charge of the National Health Commission
CPC Vice-Premier Sun Chunlan
23 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Veterans Affairs
?
2018 Sun Shaocheng

Minister of Veterans Affairs
CPC
24 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Emergency Management (zh)
2018 Wang Yupu

Minister of Emergency Management
CPC State Councilor Wang Yong
25 People's Bank of China (PBC)
1948 Yi Gang

Governor of the People's Bank of China
CPC Vice-Premier Liu He (Director of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission Office)
26 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg National Audit Office
1983 Hu Zejun (female)

Auditor-General of the National Audit Office
CPC Premier Li Keqiang
? Vice-Premier Han Zheng

Special Organization directly under the State Council

Organizations directly under the State Council

  1. General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China ()
  2. State Administration of Taxation ()
  3. State Administration for Market Regulation (?)
  4. National Radio and Television Administration ()
  5. General Administration of Sport ()
  6. National Bureau of Statistics ()
  7. China International Development Cooperation Agency ()
  8. National Healthcare Security Administration (?)
  9. Counselor's Office of the State Council ()
  10. National Government Offices Administration (), formerly the "Government Offices Administration of the State Council" (?)
  11. National Press and Publication Administration (?), additional name "National Copyright Administration" (), a name reserved by the Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China
  12. National Religious Affairs Administration (?), a name reserved by the United Front Work Department of the Communist Party of China

Administrative Offices under the State Council

  1. Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office of the State Council (?)
  2. State Council Research Office ()
  3. Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council (), a name reserved by the United Front Work Department of the Communist Party of China
  4. Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council (?), under the CPC Central Committee
  5. Cyberspace Administration of China (?), under the CPC Central Committee
  6. State Council Information Office (), a name reserved by the Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China

Institutions directly under the State Council

State Administrations and Bureaus under the Ministry-level agencies

  1. National Public Complaints and Proposals Administration (), under the State Council General Office
  2. National Food and Strategic Reserves Administration (?), under the National Development and Reform Commission
  3. National Energy Administration (), under National Development and Reform Commission
  4. State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence (), under the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
  5. State Tobacco Monopoly Administration (?) (officially sharing its office with China National Tobacco Corporation), under the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
  6. National Immigration Administration (?), under the Ministry of Public Security
  7. National Forestry and Grassland Administration (), under the Ministry of Natural Resources
  8. National Railway Administration (), under the Ministry of Transport
  9. Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) (?), under the Ministry of Transport
  10. State Post Bureau (), under the Ministry of Transport, officially sharing its office with China Post Group Corporation
  11. National Cultural Heritage Administration (), under the Ministry of Culture and Tourism
  12. National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (), under the National Health Commission
  13. National Coal Mine Safety Administration (), under the Ministry of Emergency Management
  14. State Administration of Foreign Exchange (?), under the People's Bank of China
  15. National Medical Products Administration (), formerly China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) (), under the State Administration of Market Regulation
  16. National Intellectual Property Administration (?), under the State Administration for Market Regulation
  17. National Civil Service Administration (), a name reserved by the Organization Department of the Communist Party of China
  18. National Archives Administration (), i.e. the Central Archives () (of the CPC), under the General Office of the CPC Central Committee
  19. National Administration of State Secrets Protection (), i.e. the Office of the Central Secrecy Commission (?) (of the CPC), under the General Office of the CPC Central Committee
  20. National Cryptography Administration (?), i.e. the Office of the Central Leading Group for Cryptography Work (?) (of the CPC), under the General Office of the CPC Central Committee
  21. State Language Commission (), a name reserved by the Ministry of Education
  22. State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs (?), a name reserved by the Ministry of Science and Technology
  23. China National Space Administration (), a name reserved by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
  24. China Atomic Energy Authority (?), a name reserved by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
  25. State Oceanic Administration (), a name reserved by the Ministry of Natural Resources
  26. National Nuclear Safety Administration (), a name reserved by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment
  27. Certification and Accreditation Administration (?), a name reserved by the State Administration of Market Regulation
  28. Standardization Administration (?), a name reserved by the State Administration of Market Regulation

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Article 85 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China
  2. ^ "The State Council". English.peopledaily.com.cn. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ "The State Council". Gov.cn. Retrieved . 
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-24. Retrieved . 

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

State_Council_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China
 



 

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