Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR
Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation
|Chambers||Council of Nationalities|
Council of the Republic
|Preceded by||VTsIK and All-Russian Congress of Soviets|
|Succeeded by||Federal Assembly of Russia|
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
Ruslan Khasbulatov (last)
Chairman of the Soviet of Nationalities
Chairman of the Soviet of Republic
Last general election
|16 May-22 June 1990|
First session of the Congress of People's Deputies of Russia (indirect)*
|^ Last direct (but rigged) general elections to the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR were held in 1985. Powers of that Supreme Soviet (XI convocation) had expired in May 1990 (just some months after passage of the 1989 constitutional amendments)|
The Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR (Russian: , Verkhovny Sovet RSFSR), later Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation (Russian: ? , Verkhovny Sovet Rossiyskoy Federatsii) was the supreme government institution of the Russian SFSR in 1938-1990; in 1990-1993 it was a permanent parliament, elected by the Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation).
The Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR was established as similar structure as the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1938, instead of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) as the highest organ of power of Russia.
In the 1940s, the Supreme Soviet Presidium and the Council of Ministers of the Russian SFSR were located in the former mansion of counts Osterman (str Delegatskaya, 3), which was later in 1991 given to a museum. The sessions were held in Grand Kremlin Palace. In 1981 the Supreme Soviet was moved to a specially constructed building on Krasnopresnenskaya embankment, The House of Soviets.
The Supreme Soviet was abolished in October 1993 (after the events of Russia's 1993 constitutional crisis) and replaced by the Federal Assembly of Russia (consists of the Federation Council of Russia and State Duma), whose powers are weaker than Supreme Council ones.
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR for election of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
Prior to 1990, de jure leader of the Russian Federation, the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR, exercised only nominal powers. In contrast to other Soviet republics of the Soviet Union, the Russian SFSR did not have its own Communist Party and did not have its own first secretaries (which in other republics are relatively independent of power) until 1990.
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR
|Alexei Badaev||19 July 1938 - 4 March 1944|
|Ivan Vlasov (Acting Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet)||9 April 1943 - 4 March 1944|
|Nikolay Shvernik||4 March 1944 - 25 June 1946|
|Ivan Vlasov||25 June 1946 - 7 July 1950|
|Mikhail Tarasov||7 July 1950 - 16 April 1959|
|Nikolai Ignatov||16 April-26 November 1959|
|Nikolai Organov||26 November 1959 - 20 December 1962|
|Nikolai Ignatov||20 December 1962 - 14 November 1966)|
|The position was vacant (Duties of Vice-Chairman: Timofey Akhazov and Pyotr Sysoyev)||14 November-23 December 1966|
|Mikhail Yasnov||23 December 1966 - 26 March 1985|
|Vladimir Orlov||26 March 1985 - 3 October 1988|
|Vitaly Vorotnikov||3 October 1988 - 29 May 1990|
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR in 1938-1990
|Andrei Zhdanov||15 July 1938 - 20 June 1947|
|Mikhail Tarasov||20 June 1947 - 14 March 1951|
|Leonid Solov'ev||14 March 1951 - 23 March 1955|
|Ivan Goroshkin||23 March 1955 - 15 April 1959|
|Vasily Prokhorov||15 April 1959 - 4 April 1963|
|Vasily Krestyaninov||4 April 1963 - 11 April 1967|
|Mikhail Millionshchikov||11 April 1967 - 27 May 1973|
|Vladimir Kotelnikov||30 July 1973 - 25 March 1980|
|Nikolai Gribachev||25 March 1980 - 16 May 1990|
Following the adoption of amendments to the Constitution of the Russian SFSR in October 1989, the office of Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet was removed, and the position of the Russian head of state passed directly to the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR in May 1990.
From 1990-1993 the Supreme Soviet consisted of 252 deputies in the two equal chambers--the Soviet of the Republic (Chairman: Veniamin Sokolov) and the Soviet of Nationalities (Chairman: Ramazan Abdulatipov). However, the bicameral Supreme Soviet was nominal, because the major decisions were adopted as joint resolutions and concurrent resolutions of all chambers; many of legislative committees were shared between these chambers. The Supreme Soviet of Russia ceased to exist after the events of September-October 1993.
Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR/Federation in 1990-1993
|Boris Yeltsin||29 May 1990 - 10 July 1991|
|Ruslan Khasbulatov (acting)||10 July 1991 - 29 October 1991|
|Ruslan Khasbulatov||29 October 1991 - 4 October 1993|
First Deputy Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR/Federation 1990-1993
|Ruslan Khasbulatov||29 May 1990 - 10 July 1991|
|Sergey Filatov||1 November 1991-January 1993|
|Yuri Voronin||January 1993-October 1993|
Article 107. Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation is an agency of the Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation and a permanently functioning legislative, administrative, and supervisory agency of state power of the Russian Federation