T. Jefferson Coolidge
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T. Jefferson Coolidge
T. Jefferson Coolidge
United States Minister to France

May 12, 1892 - May 4, 1893
Benjamin Harrison
Whitelaw Reid
James Biddle Eustis
Personal details
Born Thomas Jefferson Coolidge
(1831-08-26)August 26, 1831
Boston, Massachusetts
Died November 17, 1920(1920-11-17) (aged 89)
Boston, Massachusetts
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)
Mehitable Sullivan Appleton
(m. 1852; her death 1901)
Relations Archibald Cary Coolidge (nephew)
Parents Joseph Coolidge
Eleonora Wayles Randolph
Alma mater Harvard University (1850)

Thomas Jefferson Coolidge (August 26, 1831 - November 17, 1920) was a leading Boston businessman.[1]

Early life

Coolidge was born to a Joseph Coolidge (1798-1879) and Eleonora Wayles (née Randolph) Coolidge (1796-1876). He was the brother of Ellen Coolidge Dwight (1826-1894), Joseph Randolph Coolidge (1828-1925), Philip Sidney Coolidge (1830-1863), and Algernon Sidney Coolidge (1830-1912).

He was born to a prominent Boston Brahmin family and was a great-grandson of the 3rd United States President Thomas Jefferson, through his maternal grandparents, Thomas Mann Randolph Jr. and Martha Jefferson Randolph. His uncles were Thomas Jefferson Randolph, George Wythe Randolph, Andrew Jackson Donelson, His father was a distant relative of Calvin Coolidge.[2] He was an uncle to Archibald Cary Coolidge (1866-1928) through his older brother, Joseph Randolph Coolidge.

Coolidge was educated in private schools in Europe, and graduated from Harvard in 1850.[3]

Career

Coolidge was involved in numerous textile mills, and banks. In 1853, he formed a partnership with Joseph Peabody Gardner, the father of U.S. Representative Augustus Peabody Gardner, in the East India trade.[4] In 1875, he became the manager of the largest textile mill in America, the Amoskeag Mill in Manchester New Hampshire.[4] Coolidge turned his attention to financing the rapidly growing industrial economy, with major interests in textiles banking, railroads, publishing and electricity.[5]

In 1880, he ended his manufacturing career and "took up railroading."[4] Coolidge served as president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. In the early 1890's he retired from the railroads and returned to the Amoskeag Company, becoming president in 1898.[4] He organized the United Fruit Company, of which his son, Thomas J. Coolidge, Jr., was president. Coolidge was involved in numerous civic enterprises Boston area, especially the design of the region's park system.[3]

Public service

A Republican, he was appointed by Benjamin Harrison to succeed Whitelaw Reid as United States Ambassador to France on May 12, 1892, a role his great-grandfather had held from May 1785 to September 1789. Coolidge presented his credentials on June 10, 1892 and he presented his recall on May 4, 1893, terminating his mission.[6] In 1898 and 1899, he was a member of the American delegation to the commission to resolve the Alaska boundary dispute.[7]

Historian Ernest May says Coolidge was, "a prototype member of what today we call the foreign policy establishment."[8]

Philanthropy

Coolidge donated the Grand Army Hall and a public library to the town of Manchester-by-the-Sea, Massachusetts that cost more than $40,000. At Harvard, where he was an overseer from 1886 to 1897, he donated the Jefferson Research Laboratory and a chemical laboratory for quantitative analysis (as a memorial to his son), which all together cost over $165,000.[3][4]

In 1889, he gave another $5,000 to Harvard to be used as a prize for intercollegiate debates.[4]

Personal life

In 1852, he married Mehitable "Hetty" Sullivan Appleton (1831-1901), daughter of William Appleton, a leading financier of the New England cotton textile industry. They owned a residence in Boston and a summer home at Coolidge's Point in Manchester-by-the-Sea, Massachusetts.[4] Together, they were the parents of:

  • Marian Appleton Coolidge (1853-1924), who married Lucius M. Sargent (1848-1893), a son of Horace Binney Sargent and grandson of Lucius Manlius Sargent.
  • Eleonora Randolph Coolidge (1856-1912), who married Frederick Richard Sears (1855-1939)
  • Sarah Lawrence Coolidge (1858-1922), who married Thomas Newbold.[9]
  • Thomas Jefferson Coolidge, Jr. (1863-1912), who graduated from Harvard in 1884, established the Old Colony Trust Company and was the head until his death in 1912.[4]

Coolidge died at his home, 315 Dartmouth St. in Boston, Massachusetts, on November 17, 1920.[3]

Descendant

Through his son, he was the grandfather of Thomas Jefferson Coolidge III, Armory Coolidge and William A. Coolidge.[4] Through his daughter Sarah, he was the grandfather of Thomas Jefferson Newbold, who married Katherine Hubbard in 1914.[9]

A granddaughter, Eleonora Sears, became a prominent American sportswoman.

References

  1. ^ Coolidge, Thomas Jefferson (1923). "The autobiography of T. Jefferson Coolidge, 1831-1920". Houghton Mifflin company. Retrieved 2017. 
  2. ^ Wead, Doug (2004). All the Presidents' Children: Triumph and Tragedy in the Lives of America's First Families. Simon and Schuster. pp. 127-129. 
  3. ^ a b c d "THOMAS J. COOLIDGE DEAD | Minister to France in 1892-3 Dies in His Boston Home at 89". The New York Times. 18 November 1920. Retrieved 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i America's Textile Reporter For the Combined Textile Industries. America's Textile Reporter. 1920. p. 4067. Retrieved 2017. 
  5. ^ Steven C. Topik (2000). Trade and Gunboats: The United States and Brazil in the Age of Empire. Stanford UP. p. 41. 
  6. ^ "Thomas Jefferson Coolidge (1831-1920)". history.state.gov. Department History - Office of the Historian. Retrieved 2017. 
  7. ^ John N. Ingham, ed. (1983). Biographical Dictionary of American Business Leaders. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 190. 
  8. ^ Ernest R. May (1968). American Imperialism: A Speculative Essay. Atheneum. p. 45. 
  9. ^ a b Times, Special To The New York (23 January 1914). "THOMAS J. NEWBOLD WEDS.; New Yorker Married to Miss Kath=erine Hubbard in Boston". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017. 

Further reading

  • Coolidge, Thomas Jefferson. The Autobiography of T. Jefferson Coolidge, 1831-1920 (Houghton Mifflin Company, 1923).
  • Gordon, Nancy. "Coolidge, Thomas Jefferson"; American National Biography Online Feb. 2000 . Access Date: Feb 28 2016

External links

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Whitelaw Reid
United States
Ambassador to France

1892–1893
Succeeded by
James Biddle Eustis

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

T._Jefferson_Coolidge
 



 

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