Tennis At The Summer Olympics
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Tennis At The Summer Olympics
Tennis at the Summer Olympics
Tennis pictogram.svg
Governing body ITF
Events
Games
  • 1924
  • 1928
  • 1932
  • 1936
  • 1948
  • 1952
  • 1956
  • 1960
  • 1964
  • 1968
  • 1972
  • 1976
Note: demonstration sport years indicated in italics

Tennis was part of the Summer Olympic Games program from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics, but was dropped after the 1924 Summer Olympics due to disputes between the International Lawn Tennis Federation and the International Olympic Committee over allowing amateur players to compete.[1][2] After two appearances as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984,[3] it returned as a full medal sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics and has been played at every edition of the Games since then.[4]

2012 Women's Singles medalists, Serena Williams (center), Maria Sharapova (right) and Victoria Azarenka (left).

In 1896, 1900, 1904, 1988, and 1992, semifinal losers shared bronze medals. In all other years, a playoff match for the bronze medal was staged.

From the 2004 Athens Olympics until the 2012 London Olympics, results from the Olympics was counted towards both the ATP and WTA world rankings in singles for that calendar year; no points will be awarded for the 2016 Rio Olympics. While the ranking points distribution did not equate to those given at the Grand Slam tournaments, the Olympic tournaments have increased in perceived importance since their reintroduction, with some players, critics and sports pundits considering winning the gold at the Olympics just as prestigious as winning a Grand Slam title.[5][6]

A player who wins an Olympic gold medal and all four Grand Slam events in the same year is said to have won a Golden Slam. As of 2016, Steffi Graf is the only player, being male or female, in completing this achievement.[7]

Surface

The playing surface of the court varies between Olympic Games. It has been on hard court for every game since 1984 except for the 1992 Olympics (which was on a clay court) and the 2012 Olympics (which was played on a grass court). The changing playing surface gives certain players different advantages and disadvantages not seen in most other Olympic sports.

Events

(d) = demonstration event, (e) = exhibition event

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28-64 68 72-80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Men's singles o o o o o o o (d, e) (d) o o o o o o o o o 16
Men's singles (indoor) o o 2
Men's doubles o o o o o o o (d, e) o o o o o o o o o 16
Men's doubles (indoor) o o 2
Women's singles o o o o o (d, e) (d) o o o o o o o o o 14
Women's singles (indoor) o o 2
Women's doubles o o (d, e) o o o o o o o o o 11
Mixed doubles o o o o (d, e) o o o 8
Mixed doubles (indoor) o 1
Total Events 2 4 2 6 8 5 5 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5

Singles champions and venues since 1988

Participating nations

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28-64 68 72-80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
 Algeria - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - 1 - - - 2
 Argentina - - - - - - 5 - 1 5 6 8 8 9 6 7 6 10
 Armenia - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1 1 - - - 3
 Australasia - - - - 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Australia 1 2 - - - 1 2 - 3 6 7 7 10 7 8 6 10 10
 Austria - - - 3 3 - - - 2 3 5 1 3 1 3 3 2 11
 Bahamas - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 2 2 2 - - 5
 Barbados - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1
 Belarus - - - - - - - - - - - 2 4 2 5 3 2 6
 Belgium - - - - - 16 8 - - - 1 3 3 3 2 5 3 9
 Benin - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1
 Bermuda - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - - - - 1
 Bohemia - 1 - 4 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 3
 Bolivia - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1
 Bosnia and Herzegovina - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - 2 2
 Brazil - - - - - - - 1 1 3 4 3 4 3 4 4 7 10
 Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - 2 3 2 - 1 1 2 2 7
 Canada - - - 3 - - - - 2 7 5 6 4 2 3 5 4 10
 Chile - - - - - - 2 - - - 1 2 2 2 2 - 2 7
 China - - - - - - - - 1 2 5 4 3 4 8 4 5 9
 Chinese Taipei - - - - - - - - 1 - - 3 2 1 3 3 5 7
 Colombia - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 - 4 3 4
 Costa Rica - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1
 Ivory Coast - - - - - - - - - 1 - 2 - - - - - 1
 Croatia - - - - - - - - - - 2 4 5 5 1 2 4 7
 Cyprus - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - 2
 Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - - - 4 7 8 11 8 7 6
 Czechoslovakia - - - - - 7 5 - - 5 5 - - - - - - 4
 Denmark - - - - 10 3 5 2 1 3 2 2 1 - 1 1 1 12
 Dominican Republic - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1 2
 Ecuador - - - - - - - 4 - - - 3 - - 1 - - 3
 El Salvador - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - 1
 Estonia - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 - - 2
 Finland - - - - - - 4 - 1 - - - - 1 1 1 - 5
 France 1 14 - 1 6 10 10 2 4 5 7 4 7 9 8 7 9 16
 Georgia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 2
 Germany 1 - 1 5 7 - - - - - 6 3 5 4 2 7 8 11
 Great Britain 2 6 - 22 11 8 10 - 3 5 6 5 6 1 2 8 7 15
 Greece 7 - - - - 1 3 - 2 3 4 2 1 4 2 - - 10
 Haiti - - - - - - - - 1 1 - 1 1 - - - - 4
 Hong Kong - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - - - - - 1
 Hungary 1 - - 3 6 - 5 - - 2 1 5 5 4 2 2 2 12
 India - - - - - - 6 - 1 3 2 2 4 2 4 7 4 10
 Indonesia - - - - - - - - 1 3 5 2 2 2 - - - 6
 Ireland - - - - - - 4 - - 2 2 2 - - - - - 4
 Israel - - - - - - - - 1 4 1 - - 3 4 3 1 7
 Italy - - - - - 4 8 3 4 5 8 8 6 6 8 7 7 12
 Japan - - - - - 2 4 2 2 4 5 7 5 4 3 3 6 12
 Kazakhstan - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 2 2
 Latvia - - - - - - - - - - 2 - - - 1 - 1 3
 Liechtenstein - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1 2
 Lithuania - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1
 Luxembourg - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1 1 2 - 1 1 6
 Madagascar - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 - 1 - - - 3
 Mexico - - - - - - 2 6 1 5 4 3 2 - - - 2 8
 Moldova - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1
 Montenegro - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1
 Morocco - - - - - - - - 1 - 2 1 1 2 - - - 5
 Netherlands - - - 2 1 - 5 - 1 1 5 5 3 - - 2 3 10
 New Zealand - - - - - - - - - 3 - 1 - - 1 1 2 5
 Nigeria - - - - - - - - 1 3 - 1 - - - - - 3
 Norway - - - - 7 3 4 - - - 2 1 1 - - - - 6
 Paraguay - - - - - - - - - 2 2 - 1 - - 1 1 4
 Peru - - - - - - - - 3 - 2 - - 1 - - - 3
 Philippines - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - - - - - 1
 Poland - - - - - - - - - 1 3 2 - 2 6 7 7 7
 Portugal - - - - - - 1 - - - 2 2 2 - - - 2 5
 Puerto Rico - - - - - - - 3 1 - 2 - - 1 - - 1 5
 Romania - - - - - - 3 - - - 5 4 3 2 2 5 6 8
 Russia - - - - 2 - - - - - - 4 5 9 9 10 8 7
 Serbia and Montenegro - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - 1
 Serbia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 6 6 3
 Slovakia - - - - - - - - - - - 5 5 7 4 4 3 6
 Slovenia - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 3 4 - 4 1 5
 South Africa - - - 3 3 5 4 - - - 6 6 5 - 2 - - 8
 Soviet Union - - - - - - - 4 - 7 - - - - - - - 2
 South Korea - - - - - - - - 1 5 4 5 4 2 1 - - 7
 Spain - - - - - 4 8 3 2 4 6 7 7 11 9 12 9 12
 Sweden - - - 4 16 8 4 1 2 3 6 4 5 4 5 3 1 14
 Switzerland - - - - - 3 4 - 2 2 4 3 3 4 5 2 2 11
 Thailand - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 3 2 1 - 2 4
 Togo - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - 1
 Tunisia - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - 1 2 2 4
 Turkey - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1
 Ukraine - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 4 2 6 5
 Unified Team - - - - - - - - - - 5 - - - - - - 1
 United States - 5 35 - 1 - 9 6 7 7 7 7 10 10 10 12 11 14
 Uruguay - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1 2
 Uzbekistan - - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 - 1 1 1 5
 Venezuela - - - - - - - - - - - 3 4 1 1 - - 4
 West Germany - - - - - - - 4 3 5 - - - - - - - 3
 Yugoslavia - - - - - - 1 - 2 3 - - - - - - - 3
 Zimbabwe - - - - - - - - 1 3 2 2 3 3 1 - - 7
Nations 6 4 2 10 14 14 27 15 34 38 48 55 52 52 48 44 56
Players 13 26 36 50 82 75 124 45 64 129 177 176 182 170 169 184 184
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 68 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16

Medal tables

All years (1896-1924, 1988-2016)

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 21 6 12 39
2  Great Britain (GBR) 17 14 12 43
3  France (FRA) 5 6 8 19
4  Russia (RUS) 3 3 2 8
5  South Africa (RSA) 3 2 1 6
6  Spain (ESP) 2 7 3 12
7  Germany (GER) 2 6 2 10
8  Switzerland (SUI) 2 2 0 4
9  Chile (CHI) 2 1 1 4
10  Mixed team (ZZX) 1 3 3 7
11  Australia (AUS) 1 1 3 5
12  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 2 4
13  Belarus (BLR) 1 0 1 2
 Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
 China (CHN) 1 0 1 2
 West Germany (FRG) 1 0 1 2
17  Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
 Puerto Rico (PUR) 1 0 0 1
19  Sweden (SWE) 0 3 5 8
20  Czech Republic (CZE) 0 3 4 7
21  Argentina (ARG) 0 2 4 6
22  Japan (JPN) 0 2 1 3
23  Greece (GRE) 0 1 1 2
 Netherlands (NED) 0 1 1 2
25  Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
 Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
 Romania (ROM) 0 1 0 1
28  Croatia (CRO) 0 0 3 3
29  Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 2 2
30  Australasia (ANZ) 0 0 1 1
 Bohemia (BOH) 0 0 1 1
 Bulgaria (BUL) 0 0 1 1
 Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
 India (IND) 0 0 1 1
 Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
 Serbia (SRB) 0 0 1 1

1988-2016

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 14 3 7 24
2  Russia (RUS) 3 3 2 8
3  Spain (ESP) 2 7 3 12
4  Germany (GER) 2 4 2 8
5  Great Britain (GBR) 2 2 0 4
 Switzerland (SUI) 2 2 0 4
7  Chile (CHI) 2 1 1 4
8  Australia (AUS) 1 1 3 5
9  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 1 3
10  Belarus (BLR) 1 0 1 2
 Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
 China (CHN) 1 0 1 2
13  Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
 Puerto Rico (PUR) 1 0 0 1
15  Czech Republic (CZE) 0 2 4 6
16  Argentina (ARG) 0 2 3 5
17  France (FRA) 0 2 2 4
18  Sweden (SWE) 0 1 2 3
19  Netherlands (NED) 0 1 0 1
 South Africa (RSA) 0 1 0 1
 Romania (ROM) 0 1 0 1
22  Croatia (CRO) 0 0 3 3
23  Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 2 2
24  Bulgaria (BUL) 0 0 1 1
 India (IND) 0 0 1 1
 Serbia (SRB) 0 0 1 1
 Japan (JPN) 0 0 1 1

1896-1924

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Great Britain (GBR) 15 12 12 39
2  United States (USA) 7 3 5 15
3  France (FRA) 5 4 6 15
4  South Africa (RSA) 3 1 1 5
5  Mixed team (ZZX) 1 3 3 7
6  Germany (GER) 1 2 1 4
7  Sweden (SWE) 0 2 3 5
8  Japan (JPN) 0 2 0 2
9  Greece (GRE) 0 1 1 2
10  Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
 Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
12  Australasia (ANZ) 0 0 1 1
 Bohemia (BOH) 0 0 1 1
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 0 0 1 1
 Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
 Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
 Netherlands (NED) 0 0 1 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1

Multiple medal winners (1896-2016)

Rank Name Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States Venus Williams 4 1 0 5
2 United States Serena Williams 4 0 0 4
3 United Kingdom Reginald Doherty 3 0 1 4
4 United States Vincent Richards 2 1 0 3
United Kingdom Andy Murray 2 1 0 3
6 United Kingdom Laurence Doherty 2 0 1 3
United States Mary Joe Fernández 2 0 1 3
France Suzanne Lenglen 2 0 1 3
South Africa Charles Winslow 2 0 1 3
10 Spain Rafael Nadal 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom John Pius Boland 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Charlotte Cooper 2 0 0 2
United States Gigi Fernández 2 0 0 2
France André Gobert 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Arthur Gore 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Edith Hannam 2 0 0 2
Chile Nicolás Massú 2 0 0 2
United States Hazel Wightman 2 0 0 2
United States Helen Wills Moody 2 0 0 2
United States Beals Wright 2 0 0 2
21 United Kingdom Kathleen McKane Godfree 1 2 2 5
22 United Kingdom Charles Dixon 1 1 2 4
23 France Max Décugis 1 1 1 3
Chile Fernando González 1 1 1 3
Germany Steffi Graf 1 1 1 3
United Kingdom Josiah Ritchie 1 1 1 3
27 United Kingdom Herbert Barrett 1 1 0 2
Russia Elena Dementieva 1 1 0 2
Switzerland Roger Federer 1 1 0 2
South Africa Harold Kitson 1 1 0 2
Germany Dorothea Köring 1 1 0 2
Australia Todd Woodbridge 1 1 0 2
Australia Mark Woodforde 1 1 0 2
United Kingdom Max Woosnam 1 1 0 2
35 United States Mike Bryan 1 0 2 3
36 Belarus Victoria Azarenka 1 0 1 2
France Marguerite Broquedis 1 0 1 2
United States Bob Bryan 1 0 1 2
United States Zina Garrison 1 0 1 2
United States Edgar Leonard 1 0 1 2
Czechoslovakia Milo? Me?í? 1 0 1 2
United States Jack Sock 1 0 1 2
43 Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 0 2 2 4
Sweden Gunnar Setterwall 0 2 2 4
45 United Kingdom Harold Mahony 0 2 1 3
Spain Conchita Martínez 0 2 1 3
Czech Republic Jana Novotná 0 2 1 3
48 United Kingdom George Caridia 0 2 0 2
France Henri Cochet 0 2 0 2
United Kingdom Dorothy Holman 0 2 0 2
Greece Dionysios Kasdaglis 0 2 0 2
Japan Ichiya Kumagae 0 2 0 2
United States Robert LeRoy 0 2 0 2
France Hélène Prévost 0 2 0 2
Spain Virginia Ruano Pascual 0 2 0 2
Czech Republic Helena Suková 0 2 0 2
57 United States Alphonzo Bell 0 1 1 2
Sweden Sigrid Fick 0 1 1 2
Argentina Juan Martín del Potro 0 1 1 2
60 France Albert Canet 0 0 2 2
Sweden Stefan Edberg 0 0 2 2
Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 0 0 2 2
United States Marion Jones 0 0 2 2
United Kingdom Arthur Norris 0 0 2 2
Bohemia Hedwiga Rosenbaumová 0 0 2 2

See also

References

  1. ^ Soltis, Greg (July 27, 2012). "Olympic Events Through History". LiveScience. Retrieved . 
  2. ^ Williams, Wythe (July 27, 1928). "SOCCER AND TENNIS BARRED IN OLYMPICS". The New York Times. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ "Olympic Tennis Event - History: Overview". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved . 
  4. ^ "2 More Olympic Games". The New York Times. October 2, 1981. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ "Olympics or Slams - What's More Important For Tennis Players?". Let, Second Serve. July 12, 2012. Retrieved 2015. 
  6. ^ Paul Fein (September 20, 2012). "How Important Is an Olympic Gold Medal in Tennis?". World Tennis Magazine. Retrieved 2013. 
  7. ^ Tignor, Steve (30 July 2015). "1988: Steffi Graf wins the Golden Slam". Tennis.com. Retrieved 2017. 

External links


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