|The Day the Universe Changed|
|Written by||James Burke|
|Directed by||Richard Reisz|
|Presented by||James Burke|
|Theme music composer||Carl Davis|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of seasons||1|
|No. of episodes||10|
|Running time||55 minutes|
|Production||BBC Productions in association with RKO Pictures, Canale 5, FR3 and YLE|
|Original release||19 March- 21 May 1985|
|Followed by||Connections 2|
The Day the Universe Changed: A Personal View by James Burke is a British documentary television series written and presented by science historian James Burke, originally broadcast on BBC1 from 19 March until 21 May 1985 by the BBC. The series' primary focus is on the effect of advances in science and technology on western society in its philosophical aspects.
The title comes from the philosophical idea that the universe essentially only exists as one perceives it through what one knows; therefore, if one changes one's perception of the universe with new knowledge, one has essentially changed the universe itself. To illustrate this concept, James Burke tells the various stories of important scientific discoveries and technological advances and how they fundamentally altered how western civilization perceives the world. The series runs in roughly chronological order, from around the beginning of the Middle Ages to the present.
A 1985 companion book of the same title, also written by Burke, presenting the same general premise of the television series in expanded detail. Burke read from the book for an abridged audiocassette and compact disc set available from Macmillan Audio.
1. "The Way We Are: It Started with the Greeks"
2. "In the Light of the Above: Medieval Conflict - Faith & Reason"
3. "Point of View: Scientific Imagination in the Renaissance"
4. "A Matter of Fact: Printing Transforms Knowledge"
5. "Infinitely Reasonable: Science Revises the Heavens"
6. "Credit Where It's Due: The Factory & Marketplace Revolution"
7. "What the Doctor Ordered: Social Impacts of New Medical Knowledge"
8. "Fit to Rule: Darwin's Revolution"
9. "Making Waves: The New Physics - Newton Revised"
10. "Worlds Without End: Changing Knowledge, Changing Reality"
Licensed by the BBC, The Day the Universe Changed was released on DVD in January 2009 by Documentary-Video. The five-disc set is closed captioned for the hearing impaired and approximately 550 minutes in length.
Alfred Unger of The Christian Science Monitor (14 October 1986) said "The Day the Universe Changed is studded with flashes of insight amid its potpourri of intellectual revelations. Burke believes that it will encourage viewers to examine what they know, digest what he has to tell them, and come up with, possibly, a new way of looking at things."
John Corry of The New York Times (16 October 1986) called it "[t]elevision on a grand scale. Mr. Burke is interested in ideas, and they bubble and perk throughout. Sometimes we'll get lost, but most likely we'll stay interested. This is provocative stuff."
Diana Simmonds of the Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1988) said, "James Burke could have the answer. Maddeningly, he has the answer to most things and has had for years. This year he's being dazzling in The Day The Universe Changed (SBS). This series, in which he verbally dances through the earth-shattering events in history is, quite simply, exciting. Like an intravenous slug of ice-cold Akvavit, he provokes shivers of shock and pleasure. His mix of cleverness, egotism, fun, imagination and accessibility is similar to the television styles of Robert Hughes or J.K.Galbraith, except that Burke is also naughty -- like a mischievous elf."
The series explores the more often than not mistaken discovery of man's inventions that lead to "high tech", and the series finishes by exploring what can go wrong if technology fails. (part of one episode: the discovery of refrigeration, which is one early discovery later used in high tech to keep things cool and which the food supply hinges up: explored and narrated in a pleasant and thought provoking manner)