The June 16, 2009, front page of
The News & Observer
|Owner(s)||The McClatchy Company|
|Founded||1865 (as The Sentinel)|
|Headquarters||Raleigh, North Carolina, United States|
The News & Observer is an American regional daily newspaper that serves the greater Triangle area based in Raleigh, North Carolina. The paper is the second largest in the state after The Charlotte Observer. The paper has been awarded three Pulitzer Prizes; the most recent of which was in 1996 for a series on the health and environmental impact of North Carolina's booming hog industry. The paper was one of the first in the world to launch an online version of the publication Nando.net in 1994.
The publisher is Sara Glines, who was named to the position in September 2016. She succeeds Orage Quarles, who retired in June of that year after 16 years as publisher. In January 2018, Robyn Tomlin was named executive editor replacing John Drescher.
The News & Observer traces its roots to The Sentinel Raleigh's first newspaper, which was founded by the Rev. William E. Pell in 1865 to help expose the corruption of state politics during the reconstruction era. The paper struggled to stay relevant and make money leading to a new owner to take over the paper in 1868. With the new owner The Sentinel began to cover the Democrats push to retake the North Carolina Legislature; along with the impeachment of Gov. William W. Holden in 1871.
The Sentinel went bankrupt a little over ten years after the paper was first founded. The owners of the newly founded Raleigh Observer Peter M. Hale and William L. Saunders bought the now bankrupt paper ending its publication and focusing on the Raleigh Observer. After about ten years the paper ran out of money so the two owners sold to the owner of the Raleigh News, Samuel A. Ashe.
Ashe combined the two papers under the new banner The News & Observer in September 1880 making it the sole daily paper in Raleigh. Asher ran the company personally until 1894 focusing on politics and the Democratic party. Ashe used connections within the Democratic Party to get an upper leg on upcoming stories. This model worked well for the paper until Ashe lost favor in the Democratic caucus leading the paper to fall on hard financial times for the fourth time in its history.
In 1894 the paper was yet again sold at auction, this time to a Washington D.C native who was a strong Democrat supporter. Josephus Daniels with help from Julian S. Carr and other friends bought the paper. Quickly Daniels refocused the News and Observer to combat political interest, rampant corruption, and other problems he saw within the state. In 1900 he used the paper to support soon-to-be Governor Charles B. Aycock during his bid for the office. He also used the paper to advocate female suffrage, workers' compensation, state industrialization, better roads and crop rotation. 
Daniels also used the News and Observer to persuade North Carolina citizens to support the disenfranchisement of blacks in the 1910s and 1920s. Daniels later renounced the racist tendencies of the 1910s News and Observer.
Daniels continued to run the paper until his death in the mid 1940s. After his death his four sons assumed management of the company. All four of his sons contributed with operation of the paper but Jonathan Daniels, editor from 1933 to 1941 and from 1948 until 1964, kept the paper in the direction of appealing for school desegregation and a reduction in race related discrimination. It was also under Jonathan's leadership that The News and Observer bought out the Raleigh Times and moved to a building on South McDowell in downtown Raleigh where they stayed until the building was sold in 2015.
On September 3, 1934, The News and Observer began a column about politics called "Under the Dome", which started on the back page, moved to the front and now runs in the local section.
In 1968, the Daniels family hired Claude Sitton, who had been a correspondent for The New York Times and later an editor there. Serving as the editorial director of the paper, he promoted The News & Observer as a government watchdog and moved the news of the paper away from the personal and partisan stances it had taken under Josephus Daniels. However, its editorials were still often aligned with the Democratic Party. Triangle conservatives often call the paper "the Nuisance and Disturber." A year later, the Mini Page children's supplement was created and published. Today, it is one of America's most widely used children's newspaper supplements.
In 1971, Sitton became the editor and the paper began buying and publishing smaller local newspapers, starting with The Island Packet in Hilton Head, South Carolina, and The Cary News in Cary, North Carolina.
On March 16, 1980, a welder's torch started a fire and burned through all the newsprint threaded through the press, injuring three and causing millions in damage.
In 1987, the staffs of The News & Observer and The Raleigh Times merged, and on November 30, 1989, the last edition of The Raleigh Times was published. In 1988, The News & Observer endorsed its first Republican candidate for statewide election, showing, perhaps, a distancing from Democratic partisanship.
Throughout the early 1990s, The News & Observer divested itself of various local newspapers in South Carolina and the North Carolina mountains, and by September 1993, Sunday sales of The News & Observer reached 200,000 for every week. However, the newspaper still owns The Cary News, Chapel Hill News, and the Smithfield Herald among other newspapers. In 1994, the paper created Nando.net, becoming an Internet service provider and began publishing the NandO Times online newspaper.
In September 2008, the News and Observer offered buyouts to all 320 newsroom employees, approximately 40% of its staff, in an effort to cut expenses. Previously the company had shut down its Durham news bureau and in a separate event laid off 70 employees. Layoffs and buyouts have continued since then. 
In 2015 the newspaper announced it would sell its facility in downtown Raleigh for redevelopment, which will entail demolition of much of the facility. New presses will be installed at the newspaper's auxiliary production facility in Garner. Editorial offices will remain in a portion of the redeveloped facility.
On May 17, 1995 the News & Observer Publishing Company was sold to McClatchy Newspapers of Sacramento, California for $373 Million ending 101 years of Daniels family ownership. In the mid-1990s Flexo Machines were installed allowing the paper to print thirty-two pages in color which was the largest capacity of any newspaper within the United States at the time. The McClatchy Co. Currently operates a total of twenty-nine daily newspapers in fourteen states with a combined weekday circulation of 1.6 million and a Sunday circulation of 2.4 million.
The News & Observer Publishing Co. owns ten bi-weekly newspapers that are no longer published, as of January 2018. They have been replaced by a free-distribution weekly named "Triangle Today" that focuses on entertainment in the region rather than traditional local news.
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