The Phantom Stockman
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The Phantom Stockman
The Phantom Stockman
Directed by Lee Robinson
Produced by George Heath
Chips Rafferty
Written by Lee Robinson
Starring Victoria Shaw
Chips Rafferty
Max Osbiston
Guy Doleman
Music by William Lovelock
Cinematography George Heath
Edited by Gus Lowry
Production
company
Platypus Productions
Distributed by Universal Pictures (Australia)
Astor Corporation (US)
Renown (UK)
Release date
June 1953 (Australia)
Running time
67 minutes
Country Australia
Language English
Budget ?10,800[1]
Box office ?23,000 (outside Australia)[1]

The Phantom Stockman is a 1953 Australian western film written and directed by Lee Robinson and starring Chips Rafferty, Victoria Shaw, Max Osbiston and Guy Doleman.[2]

It was the first of several movies produced by Lee Robinson in association with Chips Rafferty in the 1950s.

Plot summary

Kim Marsden inherits a cattle station near Alice Springs after the death of her father. Kim becomes convinced her father was murdered. She sends for a legendary local bushman called the Sundowner, who was one of her father's best friends.

Adopting the name Ted Simpson, the Sundowner arrives at Kim's station with his aboriginal offsider, Dancer. They are given work by the station manager, McLeoud.

The Sundowner and Dancer discover that cattle rustlers have been stealing stock. The realise the person behind the murder is Kim's neighbor, Stapleton, who is in league with the cattle rustlers and is romantically interested in Kim.

The rustlers kidnap Sundowner but he uses telepathy to get Dancer to come to his rescue. Kim is united with her true love, McLeod.[3]

Cast

Production

Chips Rafferty and Lee Robinson had both failed to raise finance for individual projects. Rafferty wanted to make a £120,000 13-part series and film, The Green Opal, about immigration problems.[4] Robinson wanted to make a thriller, Saturday to Monday which later became The Siege of Pinchgut. Both were stymied by a government rule at the time which prohibited invent in non-essential industry over £10,000.[5]

The two men knew each other because Robinson wrote scripts for Rafferty's radio show, Chips: the Story of Outback. They decided to team up together and make a film that cost under £10,000, with Robinson directing and Rafferty starring. They were joined by cinematographer George Heath and formed Platypus Productions. Said Rafferty at the time:

We nutted it out this way. What's the good of imitating English and American pictures when we can get into places these foreign production units can't reach for sandflies and skeeters? We'll pick locations and backgrounds the world knows nothing about. We'll study them for dramatic values. But we're not buying stories. The stories will just come out of our heads and still leave enough wood to make chairs.[1]

Robinson later elaborated:

We said, "Let's forget what the Australian public thinks about, what they might take to, because if you put an Australian tag on a film it was the worst possible thing you could do." You see we were on a third-rate level as far as the public was concerned in comparison to imported films from anywhere. The thing was to try and go for different locales and different lines, new material but fairly standard in the international approach. I remember a motto that we used to remind ourselves of. It was something that Les Norman (the producer of Eureka Stockade) said to us. "If you are working in a known background like London or New York you can go for very different story lines, but if you are working in a new background that is unfamiliar to your audience you have to be a bit conventional in your story line because audiences find it difficult to accept a totally new background and a really new story line at the same time." So I think there was a bit of that inherent in all of those early films with Chips. We always went for the unusual background and therefore didn't try to get terribly tricky with the story lines.[6]

It was decided to make the film in the Northern Territory where Robinson had worked for a number of years.

The film was originally known as Dewarra, Platypus[7] then The Tribesman.[8]

Casting

Charles Tingwell was meant to play a role but was unable to fit it in his schedule and was replaced by Guy Doleman.

Seventeen-year-old Jeanette Elphick, 1952 model of the year, was cast in the lead.[9][10]

Shooting

It was shot around Alice Springs in the Northern Territory of Australia starting July 1952.[11][12] Several days shooting were lost due to unexpected rain.[13] Interiors were shot in Sydney.

Robinson later recalled:

My experience with actors was limited. Chips on the other hand had by now made quite a number of films and he was an impeccable technical actor.... There were people in the picture of course who had never made a picture before. There weren't the opportunities here for them to do so. He helped them a good deal by walking through scenes with them on his own and getting things sorted out, timing their dialogue and so on. The other thing was that we were working in actual locations. We decided right from the beginning we would never, ever build sets. We were working to a large extent in situations that were fairly genuine. The Aboriginal involvement, the themes were genuine themes. I suppose, given my documentary background and the fact that you are on actual locations and in many cases using actual people, it was inevitable that that would come through.[6]

The painter Albert Namatjira appeared as himself in the film. Lee Robinson had previously made a documentary about Namitjira called Namatjira the Painter.

Release

Critical

The Sun Herald wrote that:

The film was made in a hurry, and looks like it; and the editing of many scenes is ludicrously slow. Hopalong Cassidy could probably clean up a dozen mysteries in the time it takes Chips Rafferty to draw wisely upon a cigarette. The romance is developed clumsily by script and direction. There were some satisfactory punches on the jaw, and a little gunplay later on, but generally there is not enough action to make the "dead heart" come to life.[14]

Box office

Rafferty and Robinson managed to sell the Pakistan, India, Burma and Ceylon rights for £1,000. While filming The Desert Rats in Hollywood, Rafferty sold the American rights for $35,000, then the English rights for £7,500.[1] (The movie would later screen on US TV as Return of the Plainsman.[15])

Robinson later claimed that the film recouped its costs within three months of being filmed.[6]

The film was distributed in Australia by Universal. The deal was done through Herb McIntyre who had supported a number of local films.[6]

Foreign release

In the United States it was released as Return of the Plainsman whilst the working title was The Sundowner.[16] In Britain the film was known as Cattle Station or The Tribesman.[17]

Legacy

Heath left the team and tried to get up his own film called The Jackeroo but was unsuccessful.[18]

Elphick later went to Hollywood and enjoyed a successful career under the name "Victoria Shaw".[]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "FEATURES". The Sunday Herald. Sydney: National Library of Australia. 12 July 1953. p. 14. Retrieved 2012. 
  2. ^ "The Phantom Stockman". British Film Institute. Retrieved 2010. 
  3. ^ Mayer, Geoff. "The Phantom Stockman: Lee Robinson, Chips Rafferty and the Film Industry that Nobody Wanted". Metro Magazine: Media & Education Magazine, No. 142, Autumn 2005: 16-20.
  4. ^ "ACTOR CRITICISES RULING ON FILMS". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 22 January 1952. p. 4. Retrieved 2015. 
  5. ^ "Money defence[?] not film". Daily Advertiser. Wagga Wagga, NSW: National Library of Australia. 23 January 1952. p. 2. Retrieved 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d "KING OF THE CORAL SEA: An Interview with Lee Robinson" by Albert Moran, Continuum:The Australian Journal of Media & Culture vol. 1 no 1 (1987) Australian Film in the 1950s Edited by Tom O'Regan accessed 30 March 2015
  7. ^ "Film Shooting Nears Completion". Centralian Advocate (Alice Springs, NT : 1947 - 1954). Alice Springs, NT: National Library of Australia. 1 August 1952. p. 1. Retrieved 2015. 
  8. ^ "Bouquet For Beauty". The Mercury. Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 30 June 1952. p. 14. Retrieved 2012. 
  9. ^ "VICTORIA SHAW: "I have been true to myself"". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 11 February 1976. p. 4. Retrieved 2012. 
  10. ^ "17-year-old Girl Star Of New Film". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 26 June 1952. p. 11. Retrieved 2015. 
  11. ^ "Film Production Underway". Centralian Advocate. Alice Springs, NT: National Library of Australia. 4 July 1952. p. 1. Retrieved 2012. 
  12. ^ "Farewell to Keith Price". Centralian Advocate. Alice Springs, NT: National Library of Australia. 11 July 1952. p. 10. Retrieved 2012. 
  13. ^ "Inigo Jones and the Rain". Centralian Advocate. Alice Springs, NT: National Library of Australia. 18 July 1952. p. 1. Retrieved 2012. 
  14. ^ "REVIEWS OF NEW FILMS.." The Sunday Herald. Sydney: National Library of Australia. 19 July 1953. p. 15. Retrieved 2015. 
  15. ^ "Other 39 -- No Title" Chicago Daily Tribune 21 July 1956: c6.
  16. ^ "Alan Bardsley - film and television scripts, 1952, 1959". State Library of New South Wales. Retrieved 2010. 
  17. ^ "Film Made By Australian". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 25 February 1953. p. 14. Retrieved 2015. 
  18. ^ "DEMAND FOR LOCAL FILMS". The Sunday Herald. Sydney: National Library of Australia. 2 August 1953. p. 14. Retrieved 2012. 

External links


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