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Timeline of Architecture
This is a timeline of architecture, indexing the individual year in architecture pages. Notable events in architecture and related disciplines including structural engineering, landscape architecture, and city planning. One significant architectural achievement is listed for each year.
Articles for each year (in bold text, below) are summarized here with a significant event as a reference point.
- 2019 - City Palace reconstruction in Berlin projected for completion.
- 2018 - The Wuhan Greenland Center in Wuhan is set to be completed and will become the tallest building in China when completed at 636 meters (2087 feet).
- 2017 - Apple's new headquarters Apple Park, designed by Norman Foster, is set to open in Cupertino, California.
- 2016 - MahaNakhon opens in Bangkok, Zaha Hadid dies.
- 2015 - Shanghai Tower in Shanghai, the tallest building in China and the second-tallest building in the world, gets completed, Charles Correa dies.
- 2014 - One World Trade Center opens in New York City.
- 2013 - Gran Torre Santiago is completed in Santiago.
- 2012 - The Tokyo Skytree opens in Tokyo, The Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park is open in London for the 2012 Summer Olympics, Oscar Niemeyer dies.
- 2011 - Al Hamra Tower, the tallest skyscraper in Kuwait, completed.
- 2010 - Burj Khalifa became the tallest man-made structure in the world, at 828 metres (2,717 ft).
- 2009 - CityCenter opens on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. This project is the largest privately funded construction project in the history of the United States.
- 2008 - "Water Cube", "Bird's Nest", South Railway Station, and other buildings in Beijing, completed for the 2008 Summer Olympics.
- 2007 - Tarald Lundevall completes the Oslo Opera House in Oslo, Norway.
- 2006 - Construction begins on the Freedom Tower, on the site of the former World Trade Center.
- 2005 - Casa da Música opens in Porto, Portugal, designed by the Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas with Office for Metropolitan Architecture.
- 2004 - 30 St Mary Axe (also known as "the Gherkin" and the Swiss Re Building), designed by Norman Foster, completed in the City of London.
- 2003 - Taipei 101, designed by C.Y. Lee & Partners the worlds tallest building from 2004-2010 is topped out.
- 2002 - Simmons Hall dormitory, designed by architect Steven Holl, completed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- 2001 - Jewish Museum Berlin designed by Daniel Libeskind opens to the public.
- 2000 - The Emirates Towers are both completed in Dubai, The London Eye is open in London.
- 1999 - Jewish Museum Berlin, designed by Daniel Libeskind is completed.
- 1998 - Petronas Twin Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, designed by César Pelli is completed. World tallest building 1998-2004.
- 1998 - Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art by Steven Holl Architects, opens to the public.
- 1997 - Guggenheim Museum Bilbao designed by Frank Gehry.
- 1996 - Oscar Niemeyer completes the Niterói Contemporary Art Museum in Brazil.
- 1996 - Aronoff Center for Design and Art, University of Cincinnati completed by Peter Eisenman.
- 1995 - Steven Holl Architects begin construction of St. Ignatius Chapel at Seattle University.
- 1994 - Building of the Basel Signal Box by Herzog and de Meuron
- 1993 - The Umeda Sky Building in Osaka City, Japan is completed.
- 1992 - The Bank of America Corporate Center in Charlotte, North Carolina is completed.
- 1991 - Stansted Airport terminal building in Essex, England, designed by Norman Foster, is completed.
- 1990 - Frederick Weisman Museum of Art, University of Minnesota completed by Frank Gehry.
- 1979 - Charles Moore designs the Piazza d'Italia in New Orleans.
- 1978 - Charles Eames dies.
- 1977 - Frank Gehry redesigns his own house in Santa Monica, California.
- 1976 - The Barbican Estate, designed by Chamberlin, Powell and Bon, opens in the City of London.
- 1976 - The CN Tower in Toronto opens as the tallest freestanding structure on land.
- 1975 - Completion of the Seoul Tower in Seoul, South Korea.
- 1974 - National Assembly Building in Dakka, Bangladesh, is completed.
- 1973 - The World Trade Center towers, designed by Minoru Yamasaki, are opened in New York.
- 1972 - The Transamerica Pyramid in San Francisco, California, designed by William Pereira, is completed.
- 1971 - Rothko Chapel in Houston, Texas, designed by Mark Rothko and Philip Johnson is completed.
- 1970 - Construction begins on the Sears Tower in Chicago, designed by Bruce Graham and Fazlur Khan (of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill).
- 1959 - Frank Lloyd Wright's Guggenheim Museum in New York City is finished after 16 years of work on the project.
- 1958 - The Seagram Building in New York designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson is completed.
- 1957 - The Interbau 57 exposition in Berlin features structures by Alvar Aalto, Walter Gropius and his The Architects' Collaborative (TAC), and an unité by Le Corbusier.
- 1956 - Crown Hall at the Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, designed by Mies van der Rohe, is finished.
- 1955 - Completion of Le Corbusier's Notre Dame du Haut chapel at Ronchamp, France and Disneyland (the world's first theme park) in Anaheim, California.
- 1954 - Louis Kahn finishes his Yale University Art Gallery in New Haven, Connecticut, USA.
- 1953 - Completion of the United Nations Headquarters in New York by a design team headed by Wallace Harrison and Max Abramowitz.
- 1952 - Le Corbusier completes his Unité d'Habitation in Marseilles.
- 1951 - Mies van der Rohe's Lake Shore Drive Apartments completed in Chicago.
- 1950 - Eames House completed in Santa Monica, California, designed by Charles and Ray Eames.
- 1939 - The 1939 World's Fair in New York includes the Finnish Pavilion by Alvar Aalto and the Brazilian Pavilion by Lucio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer.
- 1938 - Frank Lloyd Wright purchases 800 acres (3.2 km2) of land 26 miles away from Phoenix, and begins to build Taliesin West, his winter home, in Scottsdale, Arizona, USA
- 1937 - Wright completes his house Fallingwater, at Bear Run, Pennsylvania.
- 1936 - Frank Lloyd Wright designs his monumental inward-looking Johnson Wax Headquarters in Racine, Wisconsin, USA.
- 1935 - Cass Gilbert's United States Supreme Court Building is posthumously finished.
- 1934 - Frank Lloyd Wright draws up plans for his Broadacre City, a decentralized urban metropolis.
- 1933 - The Bauhaus closes under Nazi pressure.
- 1932 - The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York holds its exhibition on modern architecture, coining the term "International Style."
- 1931 - The Empire State Building, designed by Shreve, Lamb and Harmon, becomes the tallest building in the world.
- 1930 - William Van Alen completes the Chrysler Building, an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, USA.
- 1899 - Hector Guimard is commissioned to design the edicules for the Paris Métropolitain, which have become a hallmark of Art Nouveau design.
- 1898 - Victor Horta designs his own house, now the Horta Museum.
- 1897 - Hendrik Berlage designs his Amsterdam Stock Exchange.
- 1896 - Eugène Vallin completes his own house and studio in Nancy (France), which is the first of many Art Nouveau structures built there by the members of the École de Nancy.
- 1895 - The Biltmore Estate, the largest house in the USA, is completed for the Vanderbilt family in Asheville, North Carolina.
- 1894 - Louis Sullivan builds the Guaranty Building in Buffalo, NY, USA.
- 1893 - Victor Horta builds what is widely considered the first full-fledged Art Nouveau structure, the Hôtel Tassel, in Brussels.
- 1892 - Modernist architect Richard Neutra is born.
- 1891 - Louis Sullivan completes his Wainwright Building in Saint Louis.
- 1890 - Louis Sullivan and Dankmar Adler build the Auditorium Building in Chicago.
- 1829 - The panopticon-design Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia, designed by John Havilland, opens.
- 1828 - Completion of the Marble Arch in London, designed by John Nash.
- 1827 - William Burges, Gothic Revival architect in Britain, is born.
- 1826 - The Menai Suspension Bridge over the Menai Strait, in Wales, designed by Thomas Telford, is completed.
- 1825 - The front and rear porticoes of the White House are added to the building.
- 1824 - The Shelbourne Hotel in Dublin, Ireland is completed.
- 1823 - Work begins on the British Museum in London, designed by (Sir) Robert Smirke.
- 1822 - Birth of landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted.
- 1821 - Karl Friedrich Schinkel completeds his Schauspielhaus in Berlin and Benjamin Latrobe's Baltimore Basilica is completed.
- 1820 - Death of Benjamin Latrobe.
- 1819 - Birth of English architect Horace Jones.
- 1818 - Birth of American architect James Renwick, Jr.
- 1817 - Dulwich Picture Gallery in London is designed by Sir John Soane as the first purpose-built art gallery.
- 1816 - Regent's Bridge, crossing the River Thames in central London, designed by James Walker, is opened.
- 1815 - Brighton Pavilion is redesigned by John Nash for the future King George IV.
- 1814 - British troops burn the White House in Washington, D.C., gutting it completely.
- 1813 - Death of Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart.
- 1812 - The Egyptian Hall in London, designed by P. F. Robinson, is completed.
- 1811 - The United States Capitol, designed by Benjamin Latrobe, is completed.
- 1810 - Old Saint Petersburg Stock Exchange, designed by Jean-François Thomas de Thomon, is completed.
- 1809 - Birth of city planner Baron Haussmann.
- 1808 - Construction begins on the Paris Bourse, designed by Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart.
- 1807 - The Templo de Nuestra Señora del Carmen in Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico is completed.
- 1806 - Arc de Triomphe, Paris from Jean Chalgrin commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte.
- 1805 - The Ellesmere Canal, designed by Thomas Telford, is completed.
- 1804 - Completion of the Government House in the Bahamas.
- 1803 - The Raj Bhavan in Kolkata, West Bengal, India is finished.
- 1802 - The Temple of Saint Philip Neri in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico is completed.
- 1801 - Birth of Henri Labrouste.
- 1800 - The White House in Washington D.C. is completed by team of client George Washington, planner Pierre L'Enfant, and architect James Hoban.
- 1799 - Death of French neoclassicist Étienne-Louis Boullée.
- 1798 - Karlsruhe Synagogue, usually regarded as the first building of the Egyptian Revival architecture, built by Friedrich Weinbrenner in Karlsruhe.
- 1797 - Ditherington Flax Mill, in Shrewsbury, England, the world's oldest surviving iron-framed building, is completed.
- 1796 - Somerset House in London, designed by William Chambers, is completed.
- 1795 - Birth of English architect Charles Barry.
- 1794 - Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon, Korea, begins.
- 1793 - Old East, the oldest public university building in the USA, is erected on the campus of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- 1792 - Sir John Soane begins work on his house in London, later Sir John Soane's Museum.
- 1791 -
- 1790 -
- 1690s - Potala Palace is completed in Tibet.
- 1690s - The city of Noto, Italy, on Sicily, is devastated by an earthquake (1693), and a rebuilding program begins in the Baroque style.
- 1680s - Church of Les Invalides, Paris is built by Jules Hardouin-Mansart.
- 1670s - The Royal Greenwich Observatory in London, designed by Christopher Wren is completed (1676).
- 1660s - Louis XIV, with the architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart, begins to enlarge the Palace of Versailles (1661).
- 1650s - Completion of the church Sant'Agnese in Agone in Rome, designed by Borromini and Carlo Rainaldi.
- 1640s - Borromini builds the church Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza in Rome.
- 1630s - Emperor Shah Jahan construct Taj Mahal in Agra, India.
- 1630s - Borromini builds the church San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane in Rome.
- 1620s - St. Peter's Basilica is completed in Vatican City (1626).
- 1610s - Mohammadreza Isfahani builds Naghsh-i Jahan Square in Isfahan, Iran.
- 1600s - 33 pol bridge is constructed in Isfahan, Iran.
1st millennium AD
- 905 - Aachen Cathedral consecrated. Major renovations in the 10th Century.
- 900s - Akhtala monastery built, intended as a fortress.
- 848 San Miguel de Lillo built in the Austrian pre-romanesque style of Spain
- 800s -
- 700s - Seokguram of Korea is constructed.
- 600s - St. Hripsime Church, one of the world's oldest surviving churches, constructed.
- 500s - Hagia Sophia built in its present form. Oldest known surviving roof truss in Saint Catherine's Monastery.
- 495-504 - Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo in Ravenna
- 470 - Basilica of St. Martin
- 432 - 40 St. Maria Maggiore. and St. Sabina.
- 400s - Mahabalipuram is an ancient port city of south east India construction was done by Mahendravarman I & his son Narasimhavarman I under Pallava Kingdom, Tamil Nadu, South India
- ca 330 - St. Paul's Outside the Walls.
- 325 - Old St. Peters.
- 320 - Construction of Archbasilica of St. John Lateran begun using standards that would be followed in future basilica designs.
- 315 - Arch of Constantine deicated to the Battle of Milvian Bridge
- 312 - Basilica of Constantine  The brick audience basilica at Trier, the Aula Palatina completed.Catacomb of the Via Latina begun.
- 307-312 - Basilica of Maxentius  and
- 300s - Nalanda, an ancient center of higher learning, was built in Gupta Empire in India.
- 262 - Arch of Gallienus completed in Rome
- 231 - Dura-Europos church, in Syria. A house built c. 200 can converted into a Christian Church.
- 224 - Dura-Europos synagogue one of the oldest synagogues.
- 211 - Arch of Drusus completed in Rome.
- 203 - Arch of Septimius Severus completed
- 212-16 - Baths of Caracalla. 296-306 Baths of Diocletian.
- 200s -
- 193 - Column of Marcus Aurelius dedicated in Rome.
- 134 - Ponte Sant'Angelo completed across the Tiber in Rome.
- 118-28 Pantheon, Rome is completed, an early full dome.
- 113 - Trajan's Column dedicated in Rome.
- 104-6 - Alcántara Bridge is a Roman multiple arched bridge over the Tagus River in Spain.
- 82 - Arch of Titus an artifact from the 'Temple Period' and the beginning of the Jewish Diaspora.
- 100s - Pantheon, Rome is completed.
- 80 - Emperors Vespasian and Titus build the Colosseum in Rome
- 60-69 - Domus Aurea in Rome begun.
- 52 - Porta Prenestina in Rome built. A subterranean Neopythagorean basilica nearby also dates to this century.
- 40 - Lighthouse at Boulogne built.
- 3 - Gungnae City of Goguryeo completed.
1st millennium BC
2nd millennium BC
3rd millennium BC
- ^ a b c d e f g h Medieval Architecture in Western Europe, From A.D. 300 to 1500; Robert G. Calkins; Oxford University Press; New York, New York; 1998; Chapter 2, Early Christian Buildings; pg 14-30
- ^ a b c d e f g Medieval Architecture in Western Europe, From A.D. 300 to 1500; Robert G. Calkins; Oxford University Press; New York, New York; 1998; Chapter 1, Classical Antecedents; pg 1-13
- ^ Norwich, John Julius, ed.. great architecture of the world: from ancient times to the present, with more than 800 diagrams, drawings, and photographs. 2001. 68. ISBN 0306810425
- ^ Stonehenge#After the monument .281600 BC on.29
- ^ Göbekli Tepe