Timeline of Lighting Technology
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Timeline of Lighting Technology
Lighting through the ages (legend
Artificial lighting technology began to be developed tens of thousands of years ago, and continues to be refined in the present day.
- Chandeliers are augmented with lead crystals for their reflective qualities.
- 1800-1809 Humphry Davy invents the arc lamp when using Voltaic piles (battery) for his electrolysis experiments.
- 1802 William Murdoch illuminates the exterior of the Soho Foundry with gas.
- 1805 Philips and Lee's Cotton Mill, Manchester was the first industrial factory to be fully lit by gas.
- 1809 Humphry Davy publicly demonstrates first electric lamp over 10,000 lumens, at the Royal Society.
- 1813 National Heat and Light Company formed by Fredrich Winzer (Winsor)
- 1815 Humphry Davy invents the miner's safety lamp.
- 1835 James Bowman Lindsay demonstrates a light bulb based electric lighting system to the citizens of Dundee.
- 1841 Arc-lighting is used as experimental public lighting in Paris.
- 1853 Ignacy Lukasiewicz invents the modern kerosene lamp.
- 1856 glassblower Heinrich Geissler confines the electric arc in a Geissler tube.
- 1867 A. E. Becquerel demonstrates the first fluorescent lamp.
- 1874 Alexander Lodygin patents an incandescent light bulb.
- 1875 Henry Woodward patents an electric light bulb.
- 1876 Pavel Yablochkov invents the Yablochkov candle, the first practical carbon arc lamp, for public street lighting in Paris.
- 1879 Thomas Edison and Joseph Wilson Swan patent the carbon-thread incandescent lamp. It lasted 40 hours.
- 1880 Edison produced a 16-watt lightbulb that lasts 1500 hours.
- 1882 Introduction of large scale direct current based indoor incandescent lighting and lighting utility with Edison's first Pearl Street Station
- c. 1885 Incandescent gas mantle invented, revolutionises gas lighting.
- 1886 Great Barrington, Massachusetts demonstration project, a much more versatile (long distance transmission) transformer based alternating current based indoor incandescent lighting system introduced by William Stanley, Jr. working for George Westinghouse. Stanley lit 23 businesses along a 4000 feet length of main street stepping a 500 AC volt current at the street down to 100 volts to power incandescent lamps at each location.
- 1893 GE introduces first commercial fully enclosed carbon arc lamp. Sealed in glass globes, it lasts 100h and therefore 10 times longer than hitherto carbon arc lamps 
- 1893 Nikola Tesla puts forward his ideas on high frequency and wireless electric lighting which included public demonstrations where he lit a Geissler tube wirelessly.
- 1894 D. McFarlane Moore creates the Moore tube, precursor of electric gas-discharge lamps.
- 1897 Walther Nernst invents and patents his incandescent lamp, based on solid state electrolytes.
- 2008 Ushio Lighting demonstrates the first LED Filament.
- 2011 Philips wins L Prize for LED screw-in lamp equivalent to 60W incandescent A-lamp for general use.
- ^ "First Control of Fire by Human Beings--How Early?". Retrieved .
- ^ Domestic Technology: A Chronology of Developments. G.K. Hall. 1988. p. 270.
- ^ a b c d e Dr.Thomas Klett, Geschichte der Lichttechnik/History of Lighting
- ^ http://txchnologist.com/post/77710091911/in-the-beginning-10-inventors-of-the-incandescent In The Beginning: 10 Inventors of the Incandescent Lightbulb
- ^ Great Barrington Historical Society, Great Barrington, Massachusetts
- ^ Great Barrington 1886 - Inspiring an industry toward AC power
- ^ Bernard Gorowitz Ed., The General Electric Story
- ^ W. Bernard Carlson, Tesla: Inventor of the Electrical Age, page 132
- ^ note: at St. Louis, Missouri, Tesla public demonstration called, "On Light and Other High Frequency Phenomena", (Journal of the Franklin Institute, Volume 136 By Persifor Frazer, Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, Pa)
- ^ "A brief history of high intensity discharge hid lighting". Shine Retrofits. Retrieved 2017.
- ^ "Sodium Lamp". Edison Center. Retrieved 2017.
- ^ "20th Century Inventors: Tungsten Halogen Lamp". American History. Retrieved 2017.
- ^ Bernanose, A.; Comte, M.; Vouaux, P. (1953). "A new method of light emission by certain organic compounds". J. Chim. Phys. 50: 64.
- ^ Bernanose, A.; Vouaux, P. (1953). "Organic electroluminescence type of emission". J. Chim. Phys. 50: 261.
- ^ Schmidt, Kurt. "High pressure sodium vapor lamp". Google Patents. Retrieved 2017.