Timeline of Motor and Engine Technology
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Timeline of Motor and Engine Technology
Timeline of motor and engine technology
- (c. 30-70 AD) - Hero of Alexandria describes the first documented steam-powered device, the aeolipile.
- 13th century - Chinese chronicles wrote about a solid rocket motor used in warfare
- 1698 - Thomas Savery builds a steam-powered water pump for pumping water out of mines.
- 1712 - Thomas Newcomen builds a piston-and-cylinder steam-powered water pump for pumping water out of mines.
- 1769 - James Watt patents his first improved steam engine.
- 1806 - François Isaac de Rivaz invented a hydrogen powered engine, the first successful internal combustion engine.
- 1807 - Nicéphore Niépce and his brother Claude build a fluid piston internal combustion engine, the Pyréolophore and use it to power a boat up the river Saône.
- 1816 - Robert Stirling invented his hot air Stirling engine, and what we now call a "regenerator".
- 1821 - Michael Faraday builds an electricity-powered motor.
- 1824 - Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot first publishes that the efficiency of a heat engine depends on the temperature difference between an engine and its environment.
- 1837 - First American patent for an electric motor (U.S. Patent 132).
- 1850 - The first explicit statement of the first and second law of thermodynamics, given by Rudolf Clausius.
- 1860 - Lenoir 2 cycle engine
- 1872 - Brayton Engine
- 1877 - Nikolaus Otto patents a four-stroke internal combustion engine (U.S. Patent 194,047).
- 1882 - James Atkinson invents the Atkinson cycle engine, now common in some hybrid vehicles.
- 1885 - Gottlieb Daimler patents the first supercharger.
- 1886 - Hot bulb engine was established by Herbert Akroyd Stuart, Gottlieb Daimler invents the Petrol engine.
- 1888 - An AC induction motor is featured in a paper published by Galileo Ferraris and is patented in the U.S. by Nikola Tesla.
- 1892 - Rudolf Diesel patents the Diesel engine (U.S. Patent 608,845).
- 1899 - Ferdinand Porsche creates the Lohner-Porsche, the first hybrid vehicle.
- 1903 - The Exploration of Cosmic Space by Means of Reaction Devices was published by Konstantin Tsiolkovsky
- 1905 - Alfred Büchi patents the turbocharger.
- 1913 - René Lorin invents the ramjet.
- 1915 - Leonard Dyer invents a six-stroke engine, now known as the Crower six-stroke engine named after his reinventor Bruce Crower.
- 1926 - Robert H. Goddard launched the first liquid-fueled rocket.
- 1929 - Felix Wankel patents the Wankel rotary engine (U.S. Patent 2,988,008).
- Late 1930s - Hans von Ohain and Frank Whittle separately build pioneering gas turbine engines intended for aircraft propulsion, leading to the pioneering turbojet powered flights in 1939 Germany and 1941 England.
- 1939 - The BMW company's BMW 801 aviation radial engine pioneers the use of an early form of an engine control unit, the Kommandogerät.
- 1940s - Ralph Miller patents his Miller cycle engine.
- 1954 - Felix Wankel creates the first working Wankel engine.
- 1957 - Rambler Rebel announced Electrojector electronic fuel injection option, however no production models were offered with the option.
- 1966 - RD-0410 nuclear thermal rocket engine was ground-tested.
- 1960s - alternators replace generators on automobile engines.
- 1970s - electronically controlled ignition appears in automobile engines.
- 1975 - Catalytic converters are first widely introduced on production automobiles in the US to comply with tightening EPA regulations on auto exhaust.
- 1980s - electronically controlled ignition improved to reduce pollution.
- 1980s - electronic fuel injection appears on gasoline automobile engines.
- 1989 - The Bajulaz Six-Stroke Engine was invented by the Bajulaz S A company, based in Geneva, Switzerland; it has U.S. Patent 4,809,511 and U.S. Patent 4,513,568.
- 1990s - Hybrid vehicles that run on an internal combustion engine (ICE) and an electric motor charged by regenerative braking.