The timeline below shows the date of publication of possible major scientific theories and discoveries, along with the discoverer. In many cases, the discoveries spanned several years.
4th century BCE
4th century BCE - Mandragora (containing atropin) was described by Theophrastus in the fourth century B.C.E. for treatment of wounds, gout, and sleeplessness, and as a love potion. By the first century C.E. Dioscorides recognized wine of mandrake as an anaesthetic for treatment of pain or sleeplessness, to be given prior to surgery or cautery.
3rd century BCE
323-283 BCE - Euclid: wrote a series of 13 books on geometry called The Elements
2010 - The Neanderthal Genome Project presented preliminary genetic evidence that interbreeding did likely take place and that a small but significant portion of Neanderthal admixture is present in modern non-African populations.
When FBI Special Agent Joe Pistone began a Âsix-monthâ operation infiltrating New York's Bonanno crime family in 1975, he had no idea what was about to happen. Posing as jewel thief ÂDonnie Brasco,â Pistone spent the next six years undercover in the Family, witnessing-and sometimes participating in-the Mafia's gruesome activities while gathering enough evidence to send over 200 gangsters to jail. Pistone told his story in the 1988 book Donnie Brasco: My Undercover Life in the Mafia-a New York Times bestseller and later a feature film starring Johnny Depp and Al Pacino. But because of pending trials at the time of publication, many details of the alleged crimes were held back. Now, in Donnie Brasco: Unfinished Business, Pistone for the first time reveals with great detail the horrific deeds of wiseguys Tony Mirra, ÂLeftyâ Ruggiero, Sonny Black, and the rest of the cold-blooded Bonanno crew. Pistone puts the operation into historical perspective, detailing the timeline of Mafia trials that crippled the New York City crime family over the past 25 years. He also recounts his experiences after the operation, his time on the Hollywood set with Pacino and Depp, and other undercover operations through present-day. A tense, thrilling account of the greatest infiltration ever by a federal agent into the most brutal gang of killers in the world, Donnie Brasco: Unfinished Business is the final chapter in the story of a real American hero.
The Las Vegas Chronicles assembles the true stories of the cityâs most conniving mobsters and how they ran Sin City during its heyday. Pairing McLeanâs personal experience working in Las Vegas with his vivid investigative style of writing, this beautifully illustrated book gives you a unique look into the history of this extraordinary city. Uncover the Hollywood myth behind Bugsy Siegel and his wacko schemes for the Flamingo Hotel, and witness the real evolution of the fabulous Strip.
In addition to exploring the annals of Mob activity in Vegas, you get a handy, fact-based Timeline of Special Events that took place in Las Vegas from 1829 to present day.
Enjoy spell-binding sagas about the cityâs forefathers, todayâs casino operators and celebrity performers on the stages of Las Vegas showroomsâFrank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr., Elvis, Siegfried & Roy, and Wayne Newton.
Vegas is where fortunes are created and fortunes are lost. "The Las Vegas Chronicles" tells the history of the people who made Las Vegas, and what has become of them over the centuries, from eccentrics who tossed millions at getting the city's legend gang, stories of gangsters, politics, and the modern atmosphere of keeping the games in favor of the Casino. With plenty of stories, "The Las Vegas Chronicles" is a choice collection for anyone who wants to understand the many twists and turns of Las Vegas's long history. -- Midwest Book Review
The Las Vegas Chronicles by Andrew McLean is a truly remarkable read. After doing extensive research for my Las Vegas police and Mob books, I figured I knew most everything worth knowing about Sin City. At least thatâs what I thought until I read this book. In The Las Vegas Chronicles Mr. McLean accurately tells his readers the history of the city, who the key players wereâboth good and bad, the celebrities, the gaming, trivia, itâs all there. I highly recommend this book to all readers. And if youâre a history buff, a Las Vegas fan, or a bit of both, The Las Vegas Chronicles is a must read. -- Denny Griffin, author Policing Las Vegas, The Battle for Las Vegas, CULLOTTA
"Although I lived and worked in Las Vegas, Andrew J. McLeanâs, The Las Vegas Chronicles is a highly educational and enjoyable read. It seems that with so many subjects, the facts are hard to come by. Factual history is really the core of civilization. We also tend to fictionalize so much of what is our history and Andrew McLean seems to have done his homework of what really happened and has now shared his findings with the rest of the world. The subject of Las Vegas has always captured the imagination and being that itâs history is so unique, I couldn't put this book down. I witnessed much of what The Las Vegas Chronicles described although until now I never knew how or why so many events happened. The book is laid out in a very organized way so that the reader can fully see the transitions and metamorphous of Las Vegas in chronological order. I sometimes ask myself if I am going to miss something by not reading a particular book The historical information makes this book a great addition to oneâs library." -- Jay Rankin, author of Under the Neon Sky...A Las Vegas Doormanâs Story
"A wonderfully lucid and fascinating book of the Las Vegas scene during the mobster days and the transition to corporate ownership of the casinos. A fascinating book of stories, facts, and illustrations of one of the most interesting cities in the world. Andyâs personality shows though in his fluid writing style. A most enjoyable must-read book.â -- "BR" Bob L. Riley, Aerospace Engineer retired
"Very enjoyable and interesting read. Anyone with a gambling/Vegas background will be interested in this book." -- Al Rainosek, Ph.D.
THE STORY OF ONE OF THE MOST BIZARRE MASS MURDERS EVER RECORDED. AND THE GIRL WHO ESCAPED WITH HER LIFE.
In the fall of 2010, in the all-American town of Apple Valley, Ohio, four people disappeared without a trace: Stephanie Sprang; her friend, Tina Maynard; and Tinaâs two children, thirteen-year-old Sarah and eleven-year-old Kody. Investigators began scouring the area, yet despite an extensive search, no signs of the missing people were discovered.
On the fourth day of the search, evidence trickled in about neighborhood âweirdoâ Matthew Hoffman. A police SWAT team raided his home and found an extremely disturbing sight: every square inch of the place was filled with leaves and a terrified Sarah Maynard was bound up in the middle of it like some sort of perverted autumn tableau. But there was no trace of the others.
Then came Hoffmanâs confession to an unspeakable crime that went beyond murder and defied all reason. His tale of evil would make Sarahâs survival and rescue all the more astonishingâa compelling tribute to a young girlâs resilience and courage and to her fierce determination to reclaim her life in the wake of unimaginable wickedness.
Leonardo da Vinci was a brilliant artist, scientist, engineer, mathematician, architect, inventor, and even musicianâthe archetypal Renaissance man. But he was also a profoundly modern man.
Not only did Leonardo invent the empirical scientific method over a century before Galileo and Francis Bacon, but Capraâs decade-long study of Leonardoâs fabled notebooks reveals that he was a systems thinker centuries before the term was coined. At the very core of Leonardoâs science, Capra argues, lies his persistent quest for understanding the nature of life. His science is a science of living forms, of qualities and patterns, radically different from the mechanistic science that emerged 200 years later.
Because he saw the world as an integrated whole, Leonardo always applied concepts from one area to illuminate problems in another. His studies of the movement of water informed his ideas about how landscapes are shaped, how sap rises in plants, how air moves over a birdâs wing, and how blood flows in the human body. His observations of nature enhanced his art, his drawings were integral to his scientific studies, and he brought art, science, and technology together in his beautiful and elegant mechanical and architectural designs.
Capra describes seven defining characteristics of Leonardo da Vinciâs genius and includes a list of over forty discoveries he made that werenât rediscovered until centuries later. Capra follows the organizational scheme Leonardo himself intended to use if he ever published his notebooks. So in a sense, this is Leonardoâs science as he himself would have presented it.
Obviously, we canât all be geniuses on the scale of Leonardo da Vinci. But his persistent endeavor to put life at the very center of his art, science, and design and his recognition that all natural phenomena are fundamentally interconnected and interdependent are important lessons we can learn from. By exploring the mind of the preeminent Renaissance genius, we can gain profound insights into how to address the complex challenges of the 21st century.
From the discovery of penicillin to the advent of the Internet, science has been an invaluable part of the human experience.
Produced in association with the Smithsonian Institution and highlighting the theories, breakthroughs, and key thinkers that shaped the history of science, Timelines of Science is an informative guide to the history of scientific discovery and technology that follows the path chronologically, and explores everything from ancient Greek geometry to quantum physics.
Filled with striking visuals, including specially commissioned photography, arresting infographics, and illustrations that illuminate technological discovery, Timelines of Science includes major advances in all the sciences, including biology, chemistry, physics, and astronomy.
The Killers Â The Victims Â The Crime Scenes Â The Arrests Â The Convictions
STEP-BY-STEP CHRONICLES OF THE WORLDÃ¢ÂÂS MOST SHOCKING KILLING SPREES
By examining the depraved, deceptive, very deliberate actions of famed serial killers as a series of specific events, this book offers a unique perspective on the working of the criminal mind. Serial Killer Timelines breaks down step by step how they did it, how they got away with it for so long, and how they finally got caught. This fully illustrated collection meticulously details some of historyÃ¢ÂÂs most gruesome murderers, including: