Timeline Of Telescopes, Observatories, And Observing Technology

Timeline of telescopes, observatories, and observing technology.

Before the Common Era (BCE)

3500s BCE

1900s BCE

1500s BCE

600s BCE

  • 11th-7th century BCE, Zhou dynasty astronomical observatory (??) in today's Xian, China

200s BCE

100s BCE

Common Era (CE)

400s

500s

600s

700s

800s

900s

1000s

1100s

1200s

1300s

1400s

1500s

1600s

1700s

1800s

1900s

1910s

1930s

1940s

1950s

1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

  • 2001 - First light at the Keck Interferometer. Single-baseline operations begin in the near-infrared.
  • 2001 - First light at VLTI interferometry array. Operations on the interferometer start with single-baseline near-infrared observations with the 103 m baseline.
  • 2005 - First imaging with the VLTI using the AMBER optical aperture synthesis instrument and three VLT telescopes.
  • 2005 - First light at SALT, the largest optical telescope in the Southern Hemisphere, with a primary mirror diameter of 11 meters.

Planned

See also

References

  1. ^ King, David A. (2002), "A Vetustissimus Arabic Text on the Quadrans Vetus", Journal for the History of Astronomy, 33: 237-255 [237-8], Bibcode:2002JHA....33..237K 
  2. ^ Kennedy, Edward S. (1962), "Review: The Observatory in Islam and Its Place in the General History of the Observatory by Aydin Sayili", Isis, 53 (2): 237-239, doi:10.1086/349558 
  3. ^ Langermann, Y. Tzvi (1985), "The Book of Bodies and Distances of Habash al-Hasib", Centaurus, 28: 108-128 [112], Bibcode:1985Cent...28..108T, doi:10.1111/j.1600-0498.1985.tb00831.x 
  4. ^ O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Al-Khujandi", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews .
  5. ^ David Kahn (March 1980), "On the Origin of Polyalphabetic Substitution", Isis, University of Chicago Press, 71 (1): 122-127 [126], JSTOR 230316, doi:10.1086/352410 
  6. ^ Bryan S. Turner (March 1987), "State, Science and Economy in Traditional Societies: Some Problems in Weberian Sociology of Science", British Journal of Sociology, Blackwell Publishing, 38 (1): 1-23 [12], JSTOR 590576 
  7. ^ Will Durant (1950). The Story of Civilization IV: The Age of Faith, pp. 239-45.
  8. ^ John Brian Harley; David Woodward; G. Malcolm Lewis (1992). The History of Cartography: Cartography in the traditional Islamic and South Asian societies. 2. Oxford University Press. pp. 28-9. ISBN 0-226-31635-1. 
  9. ^ Hassan, Ahmad Y., Transfer Of Islamic Technology To The West, Part II: Transmission Of Islamic Engineering, retrieved  
  10. ^ Lorch, R. P. (1976), "The Astronomical Instruments of Jabir ibn Aflah and the Torquetum", Centaurus, 20 (1): 11-34, Bibcode:1976Cent...20...11L, doi:10.1111/j.1600-0498.1976.tb00214.x 
  11. ^ Ancient Discoveries, Episode 11: Ancient Robots, History Channel, retrieved  
  12. ^ "History of the sundial". National Maritime Museum. Retrieved . 
  13. ^ Jones, Lawrence (December 2005), "The Sundial And Geometry", North American Sundial Society, 12 (4) 
  14. ^ Pedersen, Olaf (2010). A Survey of the Almagest. Springer. p. 20. ISBN 0387848258. 
  15. ^ a b Tekeli, Sevim (1997). "Taqi al-Din". Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 0-7923-4066-3. 
  16. ^ Savage-Smith, Emilie (1985), Islamicate Celestial Globes: Their History, Construction, and Use, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 
  17. ^ Isaac Newton: adventurer in thought, by Alfred Rupert Hall, page 67
  18. ^ Chronology of Science in the United States 1840-1849 (derived from Clark A. Elliott, History of Science in the United States: A Chronology and Research Guide - New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1996, pp. 34-177).
  19. ^ a b Spectrometers, ASTROLab of Mont-Mégantic National Park
  20. ^ J. B. Hearnshaw (1996-05-02). The Measurement of Starlight: Two Centuries of Astronomical Photometry. Cambridge University Press. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-521-40393-1. 
  21. ^ Public Telescope: Erstes öffentliches Weltraumteleskop
  22. ^ Weltraumteleskop für jedermann welt.de
  23. ^ The first public space telescope Popular Astronomy UK
  • Michael A. Hoskin (1997). The Cambridge Illustrated History of Astronomy. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-41158-5. 
  • Edgardo Marcorini (1988). Scienza e tecnica. ISBN 978-0-87196-475-5. 
  • George Ochoa; Melinda Corey (1997). The Wilson Chronology of Science and Technology: A Record of Scientific Discovery and Technological Invention, from the Stone Age to the Information Age. New York : H.W. Wilson. ISBN 978-0-8242-0933-9. 
  • Rushd? R?shid; Régis Morelon (1996). Encyclopedia of History of Arabic Science: Astronomy- theoretical and applied. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-415-12410-2. 

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