Tourism in Nepal
Get Tourism in Nepal essential facts below. View Videos or join the Tourism in Nepal discussion. Add Tourism in Nepal to your Like2do.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Tourism in Nepal
Hotel Shanker, Kathmandu

Tourism is the largest industry in Nepal and its largest source of foreign exchange and revenue. Possessing eight of the ten highest mountains in the world, Nepal is a hotspot destination for mountaineers, rock climbers and people seeking adventure. The Hindu and Buddhist heritage of Nepal and its cool weather are also strong attractions. [1]

Overview

Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space. Nepal has 8 of the 10 highest mountains in the world.

Mount Everest, the highest mountain peak in the world, is located in Nepal. Mountaineering and other types of adventure tourism and ecotourism are important attractions for visitors. The world heritage site Lumbini, birthplace of Gautama Buddha, is located in the south of the West region of Nepal (which despite the name is located in the centre of the country) and there are other important religious pilgrimage sites throughout the country. The tourist industry is seen as a way to alleviate poverty and achieve greater social equity in the country. Tourism brings $471m a year to Nepal.[2]

Namche Bazaar, gateway to Mount Everest, under snow

According to statistics of 2012, there was a slow growth rate of 9.8%.[out of date] According to statistics from Nepal Tourism Board (NTB), a total of 598,204 foreign tourists entered the country via aerial route in 2012. The government of Nepal declared 2011 to be Nepal Tourism Year, and hoped to attract one million foreign tourists to the country during that year.[3] The government of Nepal has also declared Lumbini Tourism Year 2012 to promote Lumbini.

Tourism in Nepal was badly affected, at least temporarily, by the series of earthquakes in 2015.

Statistics

In 2007-, the number of international tourists visiting Nepal was 526,705, which was an increase of 37.2% compared to the previous year. In 2008, the number of tourists decreased by 5% to 500,277.

In 2008, 55.9% of the foreign visitors came from Asia (18.2% from India), while Western Europeans accounted for 27.5%, 7.6% were from North America, 3.2% from Australia and the Pacific Region, 2.6% from Eastern Europe, 1.5% from Central and South America, 0.3% from Africa and 1.4% from other countries.

Foreign tourists visiting Nepal in 2008 stayed in the country for an average of 11.78 days.[4][5]

Arrivals

This statistic shows the number of international tourist arrivals by year, 1993-2016:[6]

Year Number of international tourists
arriving in Nepal
 % change from
previous year
1993 293,567 -12.2%
1994 326,531 +11.2%
1995 363,395 +11.3%
1996 393,613 +8.3%
1997 421,857 +7.2%
1998 463,684 +9.9%
1999 491,504 +6.0%
2000 463,646 -5.7%
2001 361,237 -22.1%
2002 275,468 -23.7
2003 338,132 +22.7%
2004 385,297 +13.9%
2005 375,398 -2.6%
2006 383,926 +2.3%
2007 526,705 +37.3%
2008 500,277 -5.0%
2009 509,956 +1.9%
2010 602,867 +18.2%
2011 736,215 +22.1%
2012 803,092 +9.1%
2013 797,616 -0.7%
2014 790,118 -0.9%
2015 538,970 -31%
2016 753,002 +40%

Arrivals by country

Most tourists arriving to Nepal on short term basis in 2013-2016, were from the following countries of nationality:[7]

Rank Country 2016 2015 2014 2013
1  India 118,249 75,124 135,343 180,974
2  China 104,005 66,984 123,805 113,173
3  Sri Lanka 57,521 44,367 37,546 32,736
4  United States 53,645 42,687 498,30 47,355
5  United Kingdom 46,295 29,730 36,759 35,688
6  Thailand 26,722 32,338 33,422 40,969
7  Myanmar 25,769 21,631 N/A N/A
8  Australia 25,507 16,619 24,516 20,469
9  South Korea 25,171 18,112 23,205 19,714
10  Germany 23,812 16,405 18,028 22,263
11  Bangladesh 23,440 14,831 21,851 22,410
12  Japan 22,979 17,613 25,892 26,694
13  France 20,863 16,405 24,097 21,842
14  Malaysia 13,669 9,855 18,915 18,842
15  Spain 12,255 6,741 13,110 10,412
16  Canada 12,491 8,398 11,610 12,132
17  Netherlands 11,453 7,515 12,320 10,516
Total 753,002 538,970 790,118 797,616

Wilderness tourism

Chitwan National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Rhinos leofleck.jpg
Elephant safari with rhinos

According to Nepal's Ministry of Tourism, major tourist activities include wilderness and adventure activities such as mountain biking, bungee jumping, rock climbing and mountain climbing, trekking, hiking,[8] bird watching, flights, paragliding and hot air ballooning over the mountains of Himalaya, exploring the waterways by raft, kayak or canoe and jungle safaris especially in the Terai region.[9]

Religious sites

Janaki Mandir, the temple where Nepalese goddess Sita married Lord Rama in Nepal.
World famous Pashupatinath Temple in Nepal.

The major religion in Nepal is Hinduism, and the Pashupatinath Temple, the world's largest temple of Shiva, located in Kathmandu, attracts many pilgrims and tourists. Other Hindu pilgrimage sites include the temple complex in Swargadwari in the Pyuthan district; Janaki Mandir in Janakpurdham in Mithila region; Lake Gosainkunda near Dhunche; the temples at Devghat; Manakamana temple in the Gorkha District; Pathibhara near Phungling; and Mahamrityunjaya Shivasan Nepal in Palpa District where the biggest metallic idol of Lord Shiva is located.

Buddhism is the largest minority religion. The World Heritage site at Lumbini, which is traditionally considered to be the birthplace of Gautama Buddha, is an important pilgrimage site. Another prominent Buddhist site is Swayambhunath, the Monkey Temple, in Kathmandu.

Dang valley is a sacred place for Hindus as well as other religions. Kalika and Malika Devi in Chhillikot hill, Ambekeshawori temple, Krishna temple, Dharapani temple are among the sacred places in Dang district. Chillikot hill is also a good place for sightseeing and also an ancient palace of a king.

Muktinath is a sacred place for Hindus as well as Buddhists. The site is located in Muktinath Valley, Mustang district.

See also

References

  1. ^ Turner, Rochelle. "Travel & Tourism Economic Impact 2015 Nepal". World Travel & Tourism Council. Retrieved 2016. 
  2. ^ "Why Mount Everest is so dangerous". Discover Economist. 28 February 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  3. ^ Nepal aims to attract 1 million foreign tourists next year Xinhua News Agency, accessed 21 November 2010
  4. ^ Survey report, Government of Nepal, Ministry of Finance, accessed 21 November 2010
  5. ^ Nepal Tourism Statistics 2010 Report, Government of Nepal, Ministry of Tourism, and Civil Aviation, accessed April 3rd, 2012.
  6. ^ Government of Nepal, Ministry of Culture, Tourism & Civil Aviation (May 2016). "Nepal Tourism Statistics 2016" (PDF) (Visitor Arrivals). Retrieved . 
  7. ^ "Countrywise Tourist Arrival Statistics (2013-2016)". Nepal Tourism Board. Retrieved 2017. 
  8. ^ "Popular Hiking Routes in Nepal". Everest Uncensored. Retrieved 2015. 
  9. ^ Major Tourism Activities, Nepal Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation, retrieved 21 October 2014

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


Tourism_in_Nepal
 



 

Top US Cities