Tourism In Poland
Tourism in Poland
Poland's top ten urban destinations [1]
Wawel castle.jpg
Kraków,[1] Royal palace at Wawel on the Vistula river, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Warsaw Old Town Market Square 10.JPG
Warsaw,[1]Old Town Market Square, UNESCO World Heritage Site
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Bay Gdansk 2006.jpg
Gda?sk,[1]Baltic beaches of the Gda?sk Bay
Tour Salon Poznan 2012 (6).jpg
Pozna?,[1]International Fair (since 1921) with exhibitors from 70 industrialized countries
Zakopane - skiing (28).JPG
Zakopane,[1] "the winter capital of Poland", view from Guba?ówka in the Tatra Mountains
SZCZECINOLDTOWN.jpg
Szczecin,[1] Old Town
Afrykarium tunel.jpg
BRE i PLoyda od strony Brdy.jpg
Bydgoszcz,[1] red-brick Lloyd Palace and marina on the Brda
19.Latarnia morska.Ko?obrzeg.jpg
Ko?obrzeg,[1] historic lighthouse restored to its former glory

Poland is a part of the global tourism market with constantly increasing number of visitors. Tourism in Poland contributes to the country's overall economy. The most popular cities are Kraków, Wroc?aw, Gda?sk, Warsaw, Pozna?, Lublin, Toru? and the historic site of Auschwitz - German nazi concentration camp in O?wi?cim. The best recreational destinations include Poland's Masurian Lake District, Baltic Sea coast, Tatra Mountains (the highest mountain range of Carpathians), Sudetes and Bia?owie?a Forest. Poland's main tourist offers consist of sightseeing within cities and out-of-town historical monuments, business trips, qualified tourism, agrotourism, mountain hiking (trekking) and climbing among others. Poland is the 17th most visited country in the world by foreign tourists, as ranked by World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) in 2012.[2]

Arrivals of foreign tourists by country of origin in 2014 *
 1. Germany
 
1,385,922 [3]
 2. United Kingdom
 
367,346 [3]
 3. Russia
 
345,760 [3]
 4. Ukraine
 
274,476 [3]
 5. USA
 
235,705 [3]
 6. Belarus
 
225,503 [3]
 7. Italy
 
222,090 [3]
 8. France
 
208,810 [3]
 9. Norway
 
179,305 [3]
 10. Spain
 
176,094 [3]
 11. Israel
 
164,470 [3]
 12. Sweden
 
143,750 [3]
 13. Netherlands
 
128,888 [3]
 14. Lithuania
 
121,091 [3]
 15. Czech Republic
 
99,858 [3]
* Foreign tourists in tourist accommodation establishments by country [3]

Overview

Other Poland's top rating destinations [4]
Auschwitz concentration camp,[5] UNESCO World Heritage Site
Wieliczka Salt Mine,[4] with 1.2 million visitors annually
Medieval Malbork Castle in Malbork,[4] northern Poland
Masurian Lake District,[5] with more than 2,000 lakes. Pictured: marina in Miko?ajki resort town

Poland, especially after joining the European Union in 2004, became a place frequently visited by tourists. Most tourist attractions in Poland are connected with natural environment, historic sites and cultural events. They draw millions of tourists every year from all around the world. According to Tourist Institute's data, Poland was visited by 15.7 million tourists in 2006, and by 15 million tourists in 2007,[6] out of the total number of 66.2 million foreign visitors.[7] In 2012, Poland was visited by 13.5 million foreign tourists (those who came during Euro 2012, but did not stay overnight, were not included in official statistics).[8] In year 2013 Poland was visited by 15.8 million tourists. In 2016 the number of arrivals to Poland amounted to 80.5 million. 17.5 million of this number are arrivals considered tourist (with at least one night's stay).

Natural environment

Poland has a diversified natural environment, which is relatively unaffected by human development. Visitors are attracted by mountains, sea-coast, forests and the lake reserves. Among the most popular destinations are: Tatra Mountains, in which is the highest peak of Polish (Rysy) and the famous Orla Per?; Karkonosze, Table Mountains, Bia?owie?a Forest, Lower Silesian Wilderness, Bieszczady, Dunajec River Gorge in Pieniny, Pojezierze Mazurskie, Kampinos National Park and many others.

The first Polish tourists were pilgrims traveling to shrines both within Poland and abroad. The development of commercial tourism began in the 19th century. The most popular regions were mountains, especially the Tatra Mountains, explored for example by Tytus Cha?ubi?ski. In 1873 the Polish Tatra Society and in 1909 the Polish Sightseeing Society were established to organize and develop tourism. The 19th century was also the time of the rapid appearance of spa resorts, mostly in Sudetes, Beskids and along the Baltic Sea coast, with some of them associated, since 1910, with the Polish Balneology Association. After Poland regained independence in 1918, Polish tourism boomed, and was encouraged by the government. The first professional Polish tour operator, Orbis, was founded in Lwów in 1923, followed in 1937 by Gromada tourist organization and tour operator.

History

After World War II all tourist organizations were nationalized by the new communist government. The Polish Tatra Society and Polish Sightseeing Society were combined into Polish Tourism-Sightseeing Society (PTTK) and most of the tourist infrastructure was handed over to the newly created Workers Vacations Fund (FWP). Tourism was limited to the Comecon countries. This was the era of governmentally-founded tourism, characterised by mass but low-standard tourism. A typical sight was a holiday campground with small bungalows managed by one of the state-owned companies. Holidays for children and teenagers were organized by Juventur. After the fall of communism much of the infrastructure was privatized, although many company-owned resorts were downgraded because of their unprofitability. The early 1990s saw the foundation of many new tour operators. Some of them prevailed and strengthened their position on the market, being able to compete with multinational tour operators like TUI, or Neckermann und Reisen with branches in Poland.

Tourist destinations

Historic buildings and places

Castles

Cultural events

Warsaw
Kraków
Wroc?aw
Pozna?
Tricity
Other

Tourist resorts

There are dozens of sea resorts on the coast of Baltic Sea like Wolin Island, located close to the German border and the coast of Pomerania. In southern Poland there are resorts for skiing and hiking in the Karkonosze mountains, which is part of the Sudetes mountain range. Karkonosze includes the touristical centres of Karpacz and Szklarska Por?ba. Other famous resorts for skiing and hiking include in Carpathian Mountains: Zakopane in the Tatra mountains; Szczyrk, Krynica-Zdrój, Ustro?, Wis?a in Beskides or Szczawnica and Kro?cienko in Pieniny mountains.

Holocaust and Shtetl tourism

  • Shtetl Routes - shtetl routes of the Polish, Belorussian and Ukrainian borderland

Christian pilgrimage

It's estimated that 13% (of the 1.8 million in 2005) of visitors of the Basilica of Our Lady of Liche? arrive from abroad.[11]Jasna Góra Monastery was visited by 3.6 million of pilgrims from 78 countries in 2014.[12]

Transport in Poland

Szczecin - one of the biggest transport hubs in Poland: Port of Szczecin, motorway, expressway and railway connections, an inter-city public transport, a city bus and electric trams network and "Solidarity" Szczecin-Goleniów Airport

Since the fall of communism transport in Poland has improved significantly. There is acceptable tourist infrastructure, especially in larger cities and in major tourist resorts. Most major Polish cities (e.g. Kraków, Wroc?aw, Pozna?, Gda?sk and Szczecin) have international airports with connecting services with the Frédéric Chopin International Airport in Warsaw. Intercity travel supports the PKP Intercity, Przewozy Regionalne, local trains (Koleje Dolno?l?skie, Koleje ?l?skie, Koleje Ma?opolskie, Arriva RP, Szybka Kolej Miejska (Tricity), Pomorska Kolej Metropolitalna, Koleje Mazowieckie, ?ódzka Kolej Aglomeracyjna, Koleje Wielkopolskie, ) and PKS's, PolskiBus and many smaller companies. There are also coach connections to other countries provided by various companies (inter alia Eurolines). Connections by ferry to Sweden and Denmark through the Baltic Sea are for example from Gda?sk, Gdynia and ?winouj?cie (inter alia Polferries).

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j TripAdvisor. "Top 10 Destinations - Poland". Travelers' Choice 2013 (Winners). TripAdvisor.ca The world largest travel site. pp. 1 of 10. Retrieved 2014. Travelers' Choice 2014 Update: 1.Krakow, 2.Warsaw, 3.Wroclaw, 4.Poznan, 5.Bialystok, 6.Sopot, 7.Zakopane, 8.Lodz, 9.Szczecin, 10.Gdynia. 
  2. ^ UNWTO Tourism Highlights "International Tourist Arrivals by County of Destination (Poland)" Check |url= value (help). UNWTO World Tourism Barometer. World Tourism Organization. 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Overnight stays in accommodation establishments in 2014 (PDF file, direct download 8.75 MB), G?ówny Urz?d Statystyczny (Central Statistical Office (Poland)), pp. 174-177 / 254. Warsaw 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d The Touropia Team (2013). "10 Top Tourist Attractions in Poland". Touropia "best of" lists. Touropia. Retrieved 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Touristrack. "10 Famous Tourist Attractions In Poland You Must Visit". Central Europe. TourisTrack.com. Retrieved 2013. 
  6. ^ Information about tourism in Poland (in Polish). Source: Instytut Turystyki, 2008.
  7. ^ GUS (2008). "Przyjazdy do Polski (Foreign visits to Poland)". Statistics (in Polish). Instytut Turystyki. Retrieved 2012. 
  8. ^ Katarzyna Sobierajska, Ministry of Tourism (2012). "Pierwsze efekty Euro 2012. Resort turystyki przewiduje wzrost liczby turystów w 2013 r. nawet o pó? miliona". Live interview (in Polish). Agencja Informacyjna Newseria. Retrieved 2012. 
  9. ^ Zoo Wroc?aw - lepsze od Wawelu i Wieliczki
  10. ^ Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa, "Wroc?aw - zespó? historycznego centrum." (in Polish)
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ [2]

Further reading

  • Kaszynski, Tadeusz, Through Europe to Poland by Car, 1st and rev. ed., New York, 1968

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Tourism_in_Poland