Triple Jump
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Triple Jump
Triple jump
Willie Banks Jr. in Seoul 1988.jpg
Former world record holder Willie Banks during the 1988 Summer Olympics Seoul, South Korea.
Men's records
World Jonathan Edwards (GBR)18.29 m (60 ft 0 in) (1995)
Olympic Kenny Harrison (USA)18.09 m (59 ft 4 in) (1996)
Women's records
World Inessa Kravets (UKR)15.50 m (50 ft 10 in) (1995)
Olympic Françoise Mbango(CMR) 15.39 m (50 ft 5 in) (2008)
International University Sports Federation - Gwangju 2015 - Men's Triple Jump Final, Dmitrii SOROKIN (RUS 17.29) wins Gold.

The triple jump, sometimes referred to as the hop, step and jump or the hop, skip and jump, is a track and field event, similar to the long jump. As a group, the two events are referred to as the "horizontal jumps." The competitor runs down the track and performs a hop, a bound and then a jump into the sand pit. The triple jump was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games and has been a modern Olympics event since the Games' inception in 1896.

According to IAAF rules, "the hop shall be made so that an athlete lands first on the same foot as that from which he has taken off; in the step he shall land on the other foot, from which, subsequently, the jump is performed."[1]

The current male and female world record holders are Jonathan Edwards of Great Britain, with a jump of 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in), and Inessa Kravets of Ukraine, with a jump of 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in). Both records were set during 1995 World Championships in Gothenburg.


Historical sources on the ancient Olympic Games occasionally mention jumps of 15 meters or more. This led sports historians to conclude that these must have been a series of jumps, thus providing the basis for the triple jump.[2] However, there is no evidence for the triple jump being included in the ancient Olympic Games, and it is possible that the recorded extraordinary distances are due to artistic license of the authors of victory poems, rather than attempts to report accurate results.[3]

The triple jump was a part of the inaugural modern Olympics in Athens, although at the time it consisted of two hops on the same foot and then a jump.[4] In fact, the first modern Olympic champion, James Connolly, was a triple jumper. Early Olympics also included the standing triple jump, although this has since been removed from the Olympic program and is rarely performed in competition today. The women's triple jump was introduced into the Atlanta Olympics in 1996.[5]

In Irish mythology the geal-ruith (triple jump), was an event contested in the ancient Irish Tailteann Games as early as 1829 BC.[6]



The athlete sprints down a runway to a takeoff mark, from which the triple jump is measured. The takeoff mark is commonly a physical piece of wood or similar material embedded in the runway, or a rectangle painted on the runway surface. In modern championships a strip of plasticine, tape, or modeling clay is attached to the far edge of the board to record athletes overstepping or "scratching" the mark, defined by the trailing edge of the board. These boards are placed at different places on the run way depending on how far the athlete can jump. Typically the boards are set; (furthest from the pit to closest) 40 ft, 32 ft, and 24 ft. These are the most common boards you see at the high school and collegiate levels, but boards can be placed anywhere on the runway. There are three phases of the triple jump: the "hop" phase, the "bound" or "step" phase, and the "jump" phase. These three phases are executed in one continuous sequence.

Phases of Phillips Idowu jumping at the 2008 Summer Olympics


The hop begins with the athlete jumping from the take off board on one leg, which for descriptive purposes will be the right leg . The objective of the first phase is to hop out, focusing all momentum forward. The hop landing phase is very active, involving a powerful backward "pawing" action of the right leg, with the right take-off foot landing heel first on the runway.


The hop landing also marks the beginning of the step phase, where the athlete utilizes the backward momentum of the right leg to immediately execute a powerful jump forwards and upwards, the left leg assisting the take-off with a powerful hip flexion thrust. This leads to the familiar step-phase mid-air position, with the right take off leg trailing flexed at the knee, and the left leg now leading flexed at the hip and knee. The jumper then holds this position for as long as possible, before extending the knee of the leading left leg and then immediately beginning a powerful backward motion of the whole left leg, again landing on the runway with a powerful pawing action.The takeoff leg should be fully extended with the drive leg thigh just below parallel to the ground.The takeoff leg stays extended behind the body with the heel held high.The drive leg extends with a flexed ankle(Creating a long lever)and snaps downward for a quick transition into the jump phase.


The step landing forms the beginning of the take-off of the final phase (the jump), where the athlete utilises the backward force from the left leg to take off again. The jump phase is very similar to the long jump although most athletes have lost too much speed by this time to manage a full hitch kick, and most use a hang or sail technique.

When landing in the sand-filled pit, the jumper should aim to avoid sitting back on landing, or placing either hand behind the feet. The sand pit usually begins 13m from the take off board for male international competition, or 11m from the board for international female and club-level male competition. Each phase of the triple jump should get progressively higher, and there should be a regular rhythm to the 3 landings.


A "foul", also known as a "scratch," or missed jump, occurs when a jumper oversteps the takeoff mark, misses the pit entirely, does not use the correct foot sequence throughout the phases, or does not perform the attempt in the allotted amount of time (usually about 90 seconds). When a jumper "scratches," the seated official will raise a red flag and the jumper who was "on deck," or up next, prepares to jump.

It shall not be considered a foul if an athlete, while jumping, should touch or scrape the ground with his/her "sleeping leg". Also called a "scrape foul", "sleeping leg" touch violations were ruled as fouls prior to the mid-1980s. The IAAF changed the rules following outrage at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, when Russian field officials in the Men's Triple Jump ruled as foul 8 of the 12 jumps made by two leading competitors (from Brazil and Australia) thus helping two Russian jumpers win the Gold and Silver medals.



Area Men's Women's
Mark (m) Athlete Mark (m) Athlete
World 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in)  Jonathan Edwards (GBR) 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in)  Inessa Kravets (UKR)
Continental records
Africa 17.37 m (56 ft 11 in)  Tarik Bouguetaïb (MAR) 15.39 m (50 ft 5 in)  Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR)
Asia 17.59 m (57 ft 8 in)  Yanxi Li (CHN) 15.25 m (50 ft 0 in)  Olga Rypakova (KAZ)
Europe 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in)  Jonathan Edwards (GBR) 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in)  Inessa Kravets (UKR)
North, Central America
and Caribbean
18.21 m (59 ft 8 in)  Christian Taylor (USA) 15.29 m (50 ft 1 in)  Yamilé Aldama (CUB)
Oceania 17.46 m (57 ft 3 in)  Ken Lorraway (AUS) 14.04 m (46 ft 0 in)  Nicole Mladenis (AUS)
South America 17.90 m (58 ft 8 in)  Jadel Gregório (BRA) 15.31 m (50 ft 2 in)  Caterine Ibargüen (COL)

Note: Results cannot count towards records if they are Wind assisted (>2.0 m/s).

All-time top 25 athletes


  set prior to IAAF acceptance of indoor events as equivalent with outdoor events (in 2000)

Men (Absolute)

Rank Mark Wind (m/s) Athlete Date Location Ref
1 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in) 1.3  Jonathan Edwards (GBR) 7 August 1995 Gothenburg
2 18.21 m (59 ft 8 in) 0.2  Christian Taylor (USA) 27 August 2015 Beijing [13]
3 18.09 m (59 ft 4 in) -0.4  Kenny Harrison (USA) 27 July 1996 Atlanta
4 18.08 m (59 ft 3 in) 0.0  Pedro Pablo Pichardo (CUB) 28 May 2015 Havana [14]
5 18.04 m (59 ft 2 in) 0.3  Teddy Tamgho (FRA) 18 August 2013 Moscow
6 17.97 m (58 ft 11 in) 1.5  Willie Banks (USA) 16 June 1985 Indianapolis
7 17.92 m (58 ft 9 in) 1.6  Khristo Markov (BUL) 31 August 1987 Rome
1.9  James Beckford (JAM) 20 May 1995 Odessa
9 17.91 m (58 ft 9 in) +0.9  Will Claye (USA) 23 June 2017 Sacramento [15]
10 17.90 m (58 ft 8 in) 0.4  Jadel Gregório (BRA) 20 May 2007 Belém
1.0  Vladimir Inozemtsev (URS) 20 June 1990 Bratislava
12 17.89 m (58 ft 8 in) 0.0  João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA) 15 October 1975 Mexico City
13 17.87 m (58 ft 7 in) 1.7  Mike Conley (USA) 27 June 1987 San Jose
14 17.86 m (58 ft 7 in) 1.3  Charles Simpkins (USA) 2 September 1985 Kobe
15 17.85 m (58 ft 6 in) 0.0  Yoelbi Quesada (CUB) 8 August 1997 Athens
16 17.83 m (58 ft 5 in)
indoor  Aliecer Urrutia (CUB) 1 March 1997 Sindelfingen
indoor  Christian Olsson (SWE) 7 March 2004 Budapest
18 17.81 m (58 ft 5 in) 1.0  Marian Oprea (ROU) 5 July 2005 Lausanne
0.1  Phillips Idowu (GBR) 29 July 2009 Barcelona
20 17.78 m (58 ft 4 in) 1.0  Nikolay Musiyenko (URS) 7 June 1986 Leningrad
0.6  Lazaro Betancourt (CUB) 15 June 1986 Havana
0.8  Melvin Lister (USA) 17 July 2004 Havana
23 17.77 m (58 ft 3 in) 1.0  Aleksandr Kovalenko (URS) 18 July 1987 Bryansk
indoor  Leonid Voloshin (RUS) 6 February 1994 Grenoble
25 17.75 m (58 ft 2 in) 0.3  Oleg Protsenko (URS) 10 June 1990 Moscow


Below is a list of wind-assisted marks:

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 17.75m:

Women (absolute)

Rank Mark Wind (m/s) Athlete Date Location Ref
1 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in) 0.9  Inessa Kravets (UKR) 10 August 1995 Gothenburg
2 15.39 m (50 ft 5 in) 0.5  Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR) 17 August 2008 Beijing
3 15.36 m (50 ft 4 in) indoor  Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) 6 March 2004 Budapest
4 15.32 m (50 ft 3 in) 0.9  Hrysopiyi Devetzi (GRE) 21 August 2004 Athens
5 15.31 m (50 ft 2 in) 0.0  Catherine Ibargüen (COL) 18 July 2014 Monaco
6 15.29 m (50 ft 1 in) 0.3  Yamilé Aldama (CUB) 11 July 2003 Rome
7 15.28 m (50 ft 1 in) 0.9  Yargelis Savigne (CUB) 31 August 2007 Osaka
8 15.25 m (50 ft 0 in) 1.7  Olga Rypakova (KAZ) 4 September 2010 Split
9 15.20 m (49 ft 10 in) 0.0  ?árka Ka?párková (CZE) 4 August 1997 Athens
-0.3  Tereza Marinova (BUL) 24 September 2000 Sydney
11 15.18 m (49 ft 9 in) 0.3  Iva Prandzheva (BUL) 10 August 1995 Gothenburg
12 15.16 m (49 ft 8 in) 0.1  Rodica Mateescu (ROU) 4 August 1997 Athens
0.7  Trecia Smith (JAM) 2 August 2004 Linz
indoor  Ashia Hansen (GBR) 28 February 1998 Valencia
15 15.14 m (49 ft 8 in) 1.9  Nadezhda Alekhina (RUS) 26 July 2009 Cheboksary
16 15.09 m (49 ft 6 in) 0.5  Anna Biryukova (RUS) 29 August 1993 Stuttgart
-0.5  Inna Lasovskaya (RUS) 31 May 1997 Valencia
18 15.08 m (49 ft 5 in) indoor  Marija ?estak (SLO) 13 February 2008 Peania
19 15.07 m (49 ft 5 in) -0.6  Paraskevi Tsiamita (GRE) 22 August 1999 Sevilla
20 15.04 m (49 ft 4 in) 1.7  Ekaterina Koneva (RUS) 30 May 2015 Eugene
21 15.03 m (49 ft 3 in) 1.9  Magdelin Martinez (ITA) 26 June 2004 Rome
indoor  Iolanda Chen (RUS) 11 March 1995 Barcelona
23 15.02 m (49 ft 3 in) 0.9  Anna Pyatykh (RUS) 9 August 2006 Gothenburg
-0.4  Yulimar Rojas (VEN) 23 June 2016 Madrid [16]
25 15.00 m (49 ft 2 in) 1.2  Kene Ndoye (SEN) 4 July 2004 Iraklio


Below is a list of wind assisted marks:

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 15.04m:

Olympic medalists


Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
 James Connolly (USA)  Alexandre Tuffère (FRA)  Ioannis Persakis (GRE)
1900 Paris
 Myer Prinstein (USA)  James Connolly (USA)  Lewis Sheldon (USA)
1904 St. Louis
 Myer Prinstein (USA)  Fred Englehardt (USA)  Robert Stangland (USA)
1908 London
 Tim Ahearne (GBR)  Garfield MacDonald (CAN)  Edvard Larsen (NOR)
1912 Stockholm
 Gustaf Lindblom (SWE)  Georg Åberg (SWE)  Erik Almlöf (SWE)
1920 Antwerp
 Vilho Tuulos (FIN)  Folke Jansson (SWE)  Erik Almlöf (SWE)
1924 Paris
 Nick Winter (AUS)  Luis Brunetto (ARG)  Vilho Tuulos (FIN)
1928 Amsterdam
 Mikio Oda (JPN)  Levi Casey (USA)  Vilho Tuulos (FIN)
1932 Los Angeles
 Chuhei Nambu (JPN)  Erik Svensson (SWE)  Kenkichi Oshima (JPN)
1936 Berlin
 Naoto Tajima (JPN)  Masao Harada (JPN)  Jack Metcalfe (AUS)
1948 London
 Arne Åhman (SWE)  George Avery (AUS)  Ruhi Sarialp (TUR)
1952 Helsinki
 Adhemar da Silva (BRA)  Leonid Shcherbakov (URS)  Asnoldo Devonish (VEN)
1956 Melbourne
 Adhemar da Silva (BRA)  Vilhjálmur Einarsson (ISL)  Vitold Kreyer (URS)
1960 Rome
 Józef Szmidt (POL)  Vladimir Goryaev (URS)  Vitold Kreyer (URS)
1964 Tokyo
 Józef Szmidt (POL)  Oleg Fyodoseyev (URS)  Viktor Kravchenko (URS)
1968 Mexico City
 Viktor Saneyev (URS)  Nelson Prudencio (BRA)  Giuseppe Gentile (ITA)
1972 Munich
 Viktor Saneyev (URS)  Jörg Drehmel (GDR)  Nelson Prudencio (BRA)
1976 Montreal
 Viktor Saneyev (URS)  James Butts (USA)  João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA)
1980 Moscow
 Jaak Uudmäe (URS)  Viktor Saneyev (URS)  João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA)
1984 Los Angeles
 Al Joyner (USA)  Mike Conley, Sr. (USA)  Keith Connor (GBR)
1988 Seoul
 Khristo Markov (BUL)  Igor Lapshin (URS)  Aleksandr Kovalenko (URS)
1992 Barcelona
 Mike Conley, Sr. (USA)  Charles Simpkins (USA)  Frank Rutherford (BAH)
1996 Atlanta
 Kenny Harrison (USA)  Jonathan Edwards (GBR)  Yoelbi Quesada (CUB)
2000 Sydney
 Jonathan Edwards (GBR)  Yoel García (CUB)  Denis Kapustin (RUS)
2004 Athens
 Christian Olsson (SWE)  Marian Oprea (ROU)  Danil Burkenya (RUS)
2008 Beijing
 Nelson Évora (POR)  Phillips Idowu (GBR)  Leevan Sands (BAH)
2012 London
 Christian Taylor (USA)  Will Claye (USA)  Fabrizio Donato (ITA)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
 Christian Taylor (USA)  Will Claye (USA)  Dong Bin (CHN)


World Championships medalists


Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
 Zdzis?aw Hoffmann (POL)  Willie Banks (USA)  Ajayi Agbebaku (NGR)
1987 Rome
 Khristo Markov (BUL)  Mike Conley (USA)  Oleg Sakirkin (URS)
1991 Tokyo
 Kenny Harrison (USA)  Leonid Voloshin (URS)  Mike Conley (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
 Mike Conley (USA)  Leonid Voloshin (RUS)  Jonathan Edwards (GBR)
1995 Gothenburg
 Jonathan Edwards (GBR)  Brian Wellman (BER)  Jérôme Romain (DMA)
1997 Athens
 Yoelbi Quesada (CUB)  Jonathan Edwards (GBR)  Aliecer Urrutia (CUB)
1999 Seville
 Charles Friedek (GER)  Rostislav Dimitrov (BUL)  Jonathan Edwards (GBR)
2001 Edmonton
 Jonathan Edwards (GBR)  Christian Olsson (SWE)  Igor Spasovkhodskiy (RUS)
2003 Saint-Denis
 Christian Olsson (SWE)  Yoandri Betanzos (CUB)  Leevan Sands (BAH)
2005 Helsinki
 Walter Davis (USA)  Yoandri Betanzos (CUB)  Marian Oprea (ROU)
2007 Osaka
 Nelson Évora (POR)  Jadel Gregório (BRA)  Walter Davis (USA)
2009 Berlin
 Phillips Idowu (GBR)  Nelson Évora (POR)  Alexis Copello (CUB)
2011 Daegu
 Christian Taylor (USA)  Phillips Idowu (GBR)  Will Claye (USA)
2013 Moscow
 Teddy Tamgho (FRA)  Pedro Pablo Pichardo (CUB)  Will Claye (USA)
2015 Beijing
 Christian Taylor (USA)  Pedro Pablo Pichardo (CUB)  Nelson Évora (POR)
2017 London
 Christian Taylor (USA)  Will Claye (USA)  Nelson Évora (POR)



World Indoor Championships medalists


Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]  Khristo Markov (BUL)  Lázaro Betancourt (CUB)  Lázaro Balcindes (CUB)
1987 Indianapolis
 Mike Conley (USA)  Oleg Prozenko (URS)  Frank Rutherford (BAH)
1989 Budapest
 Mike Conley (USA)  Jorge Reyna (CUB)  Juan Miguel López (CUB)
1991 Seville
 Igor Lapshin (URS)  Leonid Voloshin (URS)  Tord Henriksson (SWE)
1993 Toronto
 Pierre Camara (FRA)  M?ris Bru?iks (LAT)  Brian Wellman (BER)
1995 Barcelona
 Brian Wellman (BER)  Yoelbi Quesada (CUB)  Serge Hélan (FRA)
1997 Paris
 Yoel García (CUB)  Aliecer Urrutia (CUB)
1999 Maebashi
 Charles Friedek (GER)  LaMark Carter (USA)  Zsolt Czingler (HUN)
2001 Lisbon
 Paolo Camossi (ITA)  Jonathan Edwards (GBR)  Andrew Murphy (AUS)
2003 Birmingham
 Christian Olsson (SWE)  Walter Davis (USA)  Yoelbi Quesada (CUB)
2004 Budapest
 Christian Olsson (SWE)  Jadel Gregório (BRA)  Yoandri Betanzos (CUB)
2006 Moscow
 Walter Davis (USA)  Jadel Gregório (BRA)  Yoandri Betanzos (CUB)
2008 Valencia
 Phillips Idowu (GBR)  Arnie David Giralt (CUB)  Nelson Évora (POR)
2010 Doha
 Teddy Tamgho (FRA)  Yoandri Betanzos (CUB)  Arnie David Giralt (CUB)
2012 Istanbul
 Will Claye (USA)  Christian Taylor (USA)  Lyukman Adams (RUS)
2014 Sopot
 Lyukman Adams (RUS)  Ernesto Revé (CUB)  Pedro Pablo Pichardo (CUB)
2016 Portland
 Dong Bin (CHN)  Max Heß (GER)  Benjamin Compaoré (FRA)
2018 Birmingham
 Will Claye (USA)  Almir dos Santos (BRA)  Nelson Évora (POR)
  • A Known as the World Indoor Games


Season's bests

  • "i" denotes indoor performance.


  1. ^ "IAAF Competition Rules 2012-2013". Retrieved . 
  2. ^ Rosenbaum, Mike (2012). An Illustrated History of the Triple Jump. Retrieved from
  3. ^ Koski, Rissanen & Tahvanainen (2004). Antiikin urheilu. Olympian kentiltä Rooman areenoille. [The Sports of Antiquity. From the Fields of Olympia to Roman Arenas.] Jyväskylä: Atena Kustannus Oy. ISBN 951-796-341-6
  4. ^ "Triple jump | athletics". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ "Athletics at the 1996 Atlanta Summer Games: Women's Triple Jump". Retrieved . 
  6. ^ Adams, Patricia (2006-03-01). History of the Highland Games and Women in Scottish Athletics. ...contained in the Irish "Book of Leinster", which was written in the twelfth century AD...this book describes the Tailteann Games held at Telltown, County Meath from 1829 BC until at least 554 BC...included in these events...were the geal-ruith (triple jump). Clan MacTavish Genealogy and History, 1 March 2006. Retrieved from
  7. ^ Men's Outdoor Triple Jump Records. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  8. ^ Women's Outdoor Triple Jump Records. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  9. ^ Triple Jump - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  10. ^ Triple Jump - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  11. ^ Triple Jump - men - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  12. ^ Triple Jump - women - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  13. ^ "Triple Jump Results" (PDF). IAAF. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  14. ^ Javier Clavelo Robinson; Phil Minshull (29 May 2015). "Pichardo triple jumps 18.08m in Havana". IAAF. Retrieved 2015. 
  15. ^ "Justin Gatlin holds off Christian Coleman to win U.S. title at 100". 24 June 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  16. ^ "34th Meeting Madrid 2016 - Women's Triple Jump Results" (PDF). RFEA. 23 June 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  17. ^ "IOC sanctions 16 athletes for failing anti-doping test at Beijing 2008". IOC. Retrieved 2016. 

External links

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