Ugrasrava Sauti
Ugrashravas narrating Mah?bh?rata before the sages gathered in Naimisha Forest.

Ugrashravas (Sanskrit: ?????????, also Ugrasravas, Sauti, Suta, Sri Suta, Suta Goswami) was the narrator of several Puranas, including Mah?bh?rata,[1]Bhagavata Purana,[2][3]Harivamsa,[4] and Padma Purana,[5] with the narrations typically taking place before the sages gathered in Naimisha Forest. He was the son of Lomaharshana (or Romaharshana),[4] and a disciple of Vyasa, the author of Mah?bh?rata. Ugrasrava was a bard of Puranic literature.[6]

The entire Mah?bh?rata epic was structured as a dialogue between Ugrasrava Sauti (the narrator) and sage Saunaka (the listener). The narration (Bharata) of the history of Bharata kings by sage Vaisampayana to Kuru king Janamejaya was embedded within this narration of Ugrasrava Sauti. Vaisampayana's narration (Jaya) in turn contains the narration of Kurukshetra War by Sanjaya, to Kuru king Dhritarashtra. Thus Mah?bh?rata has as a Story within a story structure.

Kisari Mohan Ganguli's English translation of the Mah?bh?rata begins by introducing Ugrasrava thus:

"Ugrasrava, the son of Lomaharshana, surnamed Sauti, well-versed in the Puranas, bending with humility, one day approached the great sages of rigid vows, sitting at their ease, who had attended the twelve year sacrifice of Saunaka, surnamed Kulapati, in the forest of Naimisha." (Mahabharata 1:1)[7]

References

  1. ^ Winternitz, Moriz; V. Srinivasa Sarma (1996). A History of Indian Literature, Volume 1. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 303. ISBN 978-81-208-0264-3. 
  2. ^ Hiltebeitel, Alf (2001). Rethinking the Mah?bh?rata: a reader's guide to the education of the dharma king. University of Chicago Press. p. 282. ISBN 978-0-226-34054-8. 
  3. ^ Hudson, D. Dennis; Margaret H. Case (2008). The body of God: an emperor's palace for Krishna in eighth-century Kanchipuram. Oxford University Press. p. 609. ISBN 978-0-19-536922-9. 
  4. ^ a b Matchett, Freda (2001). Krishna, Lord or Avatara?: the relationship between Krishna and Vishnu. Routledge. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-7007-1281-6. 
  5. ^ Winterlitz, p. 513.
  6. ^ Jarow, Rick (2003). Tales for the dying: the death narrative of the Bh?gavata-Pur??a. SUNY Press. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-7914-5609-5. 
  7. ^ Ganguli, Kisari Mohan (1884). The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa. Calcutta : Bharata press. 

External links


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