The United States House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, also known as the House Intelligence Committee, is a committee of the United States House of Representatives, currently chaired by Devin Nunes. It is the primary committee in the U.S. House of Representatives charged with the oversight of the United States Intelligence Community, though it does share some jurisdiction with other committees in the House, including the Armed Services Committee for some matters dealing with the Department of Defense and the various branches of the U.S. military.
The committee was preceded by the Select Committee on Intelligence between 1975 and 1977. House Resolution 658 established the permanent select committee, which gave it status equal to a standing committee on July 14, 1977.
Prior to establishing the permanent select committee in 1977, the House of Representatives established the "Select Committee on Intelligence", commonly referred to as the "Pike Committee", so named after its last chairman, Otis G. Pike of New York. The select committee had originally been established in February 1975 under the chairmanship of Congressman Lucien Nedzi of Michigan. Following Nedzi's resignation in June, the committee was reconstituted with Pike as chair, in July 1975, with its mandate expiring January 31, 1976. Under Pike's chairmanship, the committee investigated illegal activities by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
The final report of the Pike Committee was never officially published, due to Congressional opposition. However, unauthorized versions of the draft final report were leaked to the press. CBS News reporter Daniel Schorr was called to testify before Congress, but refused to divulge his source. Major portions of the report were published by The Village Voice, and a full copy of the draft was published in England.
The HPSCI during the 1980s worked to gain privileges to covert action notifications of the CIA, as well as strengthening the role of the committee in intelligence agency funding. Under the Reagan administration, the HPSCI and United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI) worked with the Director of Central Intelligence William J. Casey on what was known as the "Casey Accords". The accords required that covert action findings were to be accompanied by "scope papers" that included a risk/gain assessment of each such activity. However, the deal was not acceptable for the HPSCI, and after the Iran-contra scandal, more pressure was placed on strengthening the oversight committees.
In 2017, the committee was tasked along with the SSCI to determine the degree of Russian interference in 2016 US elections. The committee in 2017 also has been investigating allegations of wiretapping of President Donald Trump as well as possible ties between Russia's interference and Donald Trump's presidential campaign.
|The CIA||Frank LoBiondo (R-NJ)||Eric Swalwell (D-CA)|
|Department of Defense, Intelligence and Overhead Architecture||Chris Stewart (R-UT)||Terri Sewell (D-AL)|
|Emerging Threats||Peter T. King (R-NY)||André Carson (D-IN)|
|The NSA and Cybersecurity||Tom Rooney (R-FL)||Jim Himes (D-CT)|