United States Presidential Election in Missouri, 2000
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United States Presidential Election in Missouri, 2000
United States presidential election in Missouri, 2000

← 1996 November 7, 2000 2004 →

  GeorgeWBush.jpg Al Gore, Vice President of the United States, official portrait 1994.jpg
Nominee George W. Bush Al Gore
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Texas Tennessee
Running mate Dick Cheney Joe Lieberman
Electoral vote 11 0
Popular vote 1,189,924 1,111,138
Percentage 50.4% 47.1%

United States Presidental Election in Missouri, 2000.svg
County Results


President before election

Bill Clinton
Democratic

Elected President

George W. Bush
Republican

As part of the 2000 United States presidential election the state of Missouri chose 11 electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Missouri was a critical swing state.[1]George W. Bush won the popular vote by a margin of just over 3% against his Democratic challenger, Al Gore. President Bush mored than doubled his 2000 election margin of victory in 2004 over his subsequent challenger, John Kerry. The 2000 election was seen as the turning point of Missouri's bellwether status, which the state had maintained throughout most of the 20th century.

Like Clinton, Gore was Southern Democrat from a neighboring state of Missouri--Arkansas and Tennessee, respectively--and was widely seen as competitive in the state.[2]

As of the 2016 presidential election, no Democratic presidential candidate has won Missouri since 1996, despite Al Gore (as vice president), and Hillary Clinton (as First Lady) both being important officials in the Clinton Administration. (Later Democratic nominees John Kerry and Barack Obama were not involved in the Clinton Administration).

As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last time that Saline County, New Madrid County, Pemiscot County, Mississippi County, Ray County, and Clay County voted for the Democratic presidential candidate.

Primaries

Results

Presidential Candidate Running Mate Party Electoral Vote (EV) Popular Vote (PV)
George W. Bush of Texas Richard Cheney of Wyoming Republican 11[3] 1,189,924 50.42%
Al Gore of Tennessee Joseph Lieberman of Connecticut Democrat 0 1,111,138 47.08%
Ralph Nader Winona LaDuke Green Party 0 38,515 1.63%
Patrick Buchanan Ezola Foster Reform Party 0 9,818 0.42%
Harry Browne Art Olivier Libertarian Party 0 7,436 0.32%
Others - - 0 3,061 0.13%

By county

County Gore% Gore# Bush% Bush# Others% Others# Total
Adair County 38.86% 4,101 57.34% 6,050 3.8% 401 10,552
Andrew County 38.42% 2,795 58.52% 4,257 3.05% 222 7,274
Atchison County 35.28% 1,013 62.63% 1,798 2.09% 60 2,871
Audrain County 45.58% 4,551 52.64% 5,256 1.78% 178 9,985
Barry County 33.43% 4,135 63.75% 7,885 2.81% 348 12,368
Barton County 26.54% 1,424 71.49% 3,836 1.98% 106 5,366
Bates County 43.45% 3,386 54.48% 4,245 2.07% 161 7,792
Benton County 41.81% 3,150 55.99% 4,218 2.2% 166 7,534
Bollinger County 31.96% 1,692 65.87% 3,487 2.17% 115 5,294
Boone County 48.33% 28,811 47.69% 28,426 3.98% 2,372 59,609
Buchanan County 49.16% 17,085 47.26% 16,423 3.58% 1,243 34,751
Butler County 34.70% 4,996 63.28% 9,111 2.01% 290 14,397
Caldwell County 38.65% 1,488 57.66% 2,220 3.69% 142 3,850
Callaway County 43.82% 6,708 53.81% 8,238 2.36% 362 15,308
Camden County 36.98% 6,323 60.58% 10,358 2.44% 418 17,099
Cape Girardeau County 31.26% 9,334 66.42% 19,832 2.32% 693 29,859
Carroll County 35.36% 1,620 62.87% 2,880 1.77% 81 4,581
Carter County 35.51% 997 61.61% 1,730 2.88% 81 2,808
Cass County 41.60% 14,921 56.07% 20,113 2.33% 835 35,869
Cedar County 34.95% 1,979 62.33% 3,530 2.72% 154 5,663
Chariton County 43.14% 1,792 55.37% 2,300 1.49% 62 4,154
Christian County 33.99% 7,896 63.82% 14,824 2.19% 508 23,228
Clark County 47.66% 1,812 49.95% 1,899 2.39% 91 3,802
Clay County 48.75% 39,084 48.75% 39,083 2.5% 2,006 80,173
Clinton County 46.82% 3,994 50.67% 4,323 2.51% 214 8,531
Cole County 36.78% 12,056 61.53% 20,167 1.68% 552 32,775
Cooper County 37.81% 2,567 59.97% 4,072 2.22% 151 6,790
Crawford County 40.35% 3,350 57.26% 4,754 2.38% 198 8,302
Dade County 31.80% 1,193 65.78% 2,468 2.43% 91 3,752
Dallas County 37.16% 2,311 59.86% 3,723 2.97% 185 6,219
Daviess County 39.12% 1,367 57.56% 2,011 3.32% 116 3,494
DeKalb County 38.58% 1,562 58.36% 2,363 3.06% 124 4,049
Dent County 30.71% 1,839 66.73% 3,996 2.56% 153 5,988
Douglas County 29.27% 1,546 68.15% 3,599 2.58% 136 5,281
Dunklin County 47.00% 4,947 51.55% 5,426 1.44% 152 10,525
Franklin County 41.26% 16,172 55.78% 21,863 2.96% 1,159 39,194
Gasconade County 34.05% 2,257 63.21% 4,190 2.75% 182 6,629
Gentry County 40.93% 1,271 57.04% 1,771 2.03% 63 3,105
Greene County 39.92% 41,091 57.50% 59,178 2.58% 2,657 102,926
Grundy County 33.20% 1,563 63.21% 2,976 3.59% 169 4,708
Harrison County 33.27% 1,328 63.94% 2,552 2.78% 111 3,991
Henry County 45.60% 4,459 52.36% 5,120 2.04% 199 9,778
Hickory County 46.27% 1,961 51.25% 2,172 2.48% 105 4,238
Holt County 32.72% 871 65.29% 1,738 1.99% 53 2,662
Howard County 43.09% 1,944 53.50% 2,414 3.41% 154 4,512
Howell County 32.97% 4,641 64.07% 9,018 2.96% 416 14,075
Iron County 46.31% 2,044 50.68% 2,237 3.01% 133 4,414
Jackson County 58.96% 160,419 38.38% 104,418 2.66% 7,225 272,062
Jasper County 31.31% 11,737 66.43% 24,899 2.25% 845 37,481
Jefferson County 50.02% 38,616 47.62% 36,766 2.36% 1,822 77,204
Johnson County 41.26% 6,926 55.63% 9,339 3.11% 522 16,787
Knox County 38.30% 787 59.66% 1,226 2.04% 42 2,055
Laclede County 32.06% 4,183 65.58% 8,556 2.35% 307 13,046
Lafayette County 43.68% 6,343 54.06% 7,849 2.26% 328 14,520
Lawrence County 32.82% 4,235 64.36% 8,305 2.81% 363 12,903
Lewis County 45.12% 2,023 53.26% 2,388 1.63% 73 4,484
Lincoln County 43.74% 6,961 53.72% 8,549 2.53% 403 15,913
Linn County 44.03% 2,646 54.01% 3,246 1.96% 118 6,010
Livingston County 38.64% 2,425 59.10% 3,709 2.26% 142 6,276
Macon County 39.26% 2,817 58.98% 4,232 1.76% 126 7,175
Madison County 41.80% 1,828 56.25% 2,460 1.94% 85 4,373
Maries County 40.32% 1,554 57.50% 2,216 2.18% 84 3,854
Marion County 42.63% 4,993 55.93% 6,550 1.44% 169 11,712
McDonald County 28.58% 1,866 68.31% 4,460 3.11% 203 6,529
Mercer County 30.13% 555 67.86% 1,250 2.01% 37 1,842
Miller County 34.38% 3,217 63.54% 5,945 2.07% 194 9,356
Mississippi County 52.85% 2,756 45.93% 2,395 1.23% 64 5,215
Moniteau County 35.88% 2,176 62.06% 3,764 2.06% 125 6,065
Monroe County 45.43% 1,860 53.13% 2,175 1.44% 59 4,094
Montgomery County 39.45% 2,092 58.57% 3,106 1.98% 105 5,303
Morgan County 41.05% 3,235 56.59% 4,460 2.36% 186 7,881
New Madrid County 51.45% 3,738 47.01% 3,416 1.54% 112 7,266
Newton County 30.46% 6,447 67.25% 14,232 2.28% 483 21,162
Nodaway County 39.26% 3,553 57.03% 5,161 3.7% 335 9,049
Oregon County 37.04% 1,568 59.56% 2,521 3.4% 144 4,233
Osage County 31.37% 1,938 67.24% 4,154 1.39% 86 6,178
Ozark County 33.36% 1,432 62.05% 2,663 4.59% 197 4,292
Pemiscot County 53.55% 3,245 45.38% 2,750 1.07% 65 6,060
Perry County 30.20% 2,085 67.61% 4,667 2.19% 151 6,903
Pettis County 37.16% 5,855 60.51% 9,533 2.33% 367 15,755
Phelps County 38.78% 6,262 58.49% 9,444 2.73% 440 16,146
Pike County 48.39% 3,557 49.63% 3,648 1.99% 146 7,351
Platte County 45.00% 15,325 52.23% 17,785 2.77% 944 34,054
Polk County 35.03% 3,606 62.46% 6,430 2.51% 258 10,294
Pulaski County 36.08% 3,800 62.02% 6,531 1.9% 200 10,531
Putnam County 30.33% 708 68.25% 1,593 1.41% 33 2,334
Ralls County 44.76% 2,033 53.85% 2,446 1.39% 63 4,542
Randolph County 44.81% 4,116 52.73% 4,844 2.46% 226 9,186
Ray County 50.99% 4,970 46.34% 4,517 2.67% 260 9,747
Reynolds County 41.46% 1,298 56.28% 1,762 2.27% 71 3,131
Ripley County 35.93% 1,820 61.62% 3,121 2.45% 124 5,065
Saline County 49.01% 4,585 48.87% 4,572 2.12% 198 9,355
Schuyler County 40.28% 808 57.78% 1,159 1.94% 39 2,006
Scotland County 36.26% 790 61.27% 1,335 2.48% 54 2,179
Scott County 41.09% 6,452 57.30% 8,999 1.61% 253 15,704
Shannon County 37.82% 1,430 59.38% 2,245 2.8% 106 3,781
Shelby County 38.75% 1,262 59.44% 1,936 1.81% 59 3,257
St. Charles County 41.81% 53,806 56.04% 72,114 2.15% 2,766 128,686
St. Clair County 39.38% 1,866 57.63% 2,731 3.% 142 4,739
St. Francois County 48.17% 9,075 49.50% 9,327 2.33% 439 18,841
St. Louis County 77.40% 96,557 19.88% 24,799 2.72% 3,396 124,752
St. Louis City 51.48% 250,631 46.15% 224,689 2.38% 11,564 486,884
Ste. Genevieve County 49.24% 3,600 47.94% 3,505 2.82% 206 7,311
Stoddard County 35.94% 4,476 62.04% 7,727 2.02% 251 12,454
Stone County 33.37% 4,055 64.13% 7,793 2.49% 303 12,151
Sullivan County 36.78% 1,127 61.26% 1,877 1.96% 60 3,064
Taney County 33.70% 5,092 63.84% 9,647 2.47% 373 15,112
Texas County 35.10% 3,486 61.78% 6,136 3.12% 310 9,932
Vernon County 37.54% 3,156 59.29% 4,985 3.18% 267 8,408
Warren County 42.12% 4,524 55.67% 5,979 2.21% 237 10,740
Washington County 48.97% 4,047 48.64% 4,020 2.4% 198 8,265
Wayne County 40.82% 2,387 57.22% 3,346 1.97% 115 5,848
Webster County 35.13% 4,174 61.87% 7,350 3.% 356 11,880
Worth County 40.50% 469 56.22% 651 3.28% 38 1,158
Wright County 28.70% 2,250 68.75% 5,391 2.55% 200 7,841

Electors

Technically the voters of Missouri cast their ballots for electors: representatives to the Electoral College. Missouri is allocated 11 electors because it has 9 congressional districts and 2 senators. All candidates who appear on the ballot or qualify to receive write-in votes must submit a list of 11 electors, who pledge to vote for their candidate and his or her running mate. Whoever wins the majority of votes in the state is awarded all 11 electoral votes. Their chosen electors then vote for president and vice president. Although electors are pledged to their candidate and running mate, they are not obligated to vote for them. An elector who votes for someone other than his or her candidate is known as a faithless elector.

The electors of each state and the District of Columbia met on December 18, 2000[4] to cast their votes for president and vice president. The Electoral College itself never meets as one body. Instead the electors from each state and the District of Columbia met in their respective capitols.

The following were the members of the Electoral College from the state. All were pledged to and voted for George W. Bush and Dick Cheney:[5]

  1. David Barklage
  2. Bruce Bredeman
  3. Marc Ellinger
  4. Gordon Elliott
  5. John Hancock
  6. Stan Horacek
  7. Homer Johnson
  8. John Judd
  9. Michael Kort
  10. Dennis Owens
  11. Al Rotskoff

Missouri Bellwether

Beginning with the 2000 election, the status of the Missouri bellwether came into question. Between 1904 and 2004, Missouri was carried by the victor of each presidential election, with the exception of 1956. Though Bush won the presidency in the 2000 election through the Electoral College, he lost the national popular vote. The 2000 election was unique because this was the first time in over a century where the popular vote winner lost the general election. (In 1888, Missouri voted for Grover Cleveland, the incumbent Democrat, who lost to Republican candidate Benjamin Harrison). Thus, controversy exists as to whether or not Missouri accurately predicted victor in this election. In the subsequent election, Missouri voted for George W. Bush, who this time won both the popular vote and the Electoral College. Missouri has voted reliably Republican since 2000. The state voted for John McCain in 2008, and for Mitt Romney in 2012, both of whom lost the general election to Barack Obama. The controversy is further complicated by the 2016 presidential election, where Missouri voted for Donald Trump by a landslide, while Hillary Clinton won the popular vote by nearly three million votes, but like in 2000, Trump won the Electoral College and became 45th President of the United States. Like 2000, political scientists have differing opinions on whether or not Missouri accurately predicted the victor, and even if Missouri is still a bellwether state at all.


References

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

United_States_presidential_election_in_Missouri,_2000
 



 

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