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The University of Mumbai, informally known as (MU), is one of the earliest state universities in India and the oldest in Maharashtra. It offers Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral courses, as well as diplomas and certificates in many disciplines like the Arts, commerce, Science, Medical and Engineering. The language of instruction for most courses is English. The University of Mumbai has three campuses across Mumbai (Kalina Campus, Thane Sub Campus and Fort Campus) and one outside Mumbai. The Fort campus carries out administrative work only. Several institutes in Mumbai previously affiliated to the university are now autonomous institutes or universities. The University of Mumbai is one of the largest universities in the world. In 2011, the total number of enrolled students was 549,432. The University of Mumbai currently has 711 affiliated colleges.
A building of the University of Mumbai
In accordance with "Wood's despatch", drafted by Sir Charles Wood in 1854, The University of Bombay was established in 1857 after presentation of a petition from the Bombay Association to the British colonial government in India. The University of Mumbai was modeled on similar universities in the United Kingdom, specifically the University of London.:188
The first departments established were the Faculty of Arts at Elphinstone College in 1835 and the Faculty of Medicine at Grant Medical College in 1845. Both colleges existed before the university was founded and surrendered their degree-granting privileges to the university. The first degrees awarded in 1862 were Bachelor of Arts and Licentiate in Medicine.
Initially, the Town Hall in Mumbai was used as the university's offices.
Until 1904, the university only conducted examinations, awarded affiliations to colleges, developed curricula and produced guidelines for colleges developing curricula. Teaching departments, research disciplines and post-graduate courses were introduced from 1904 and several additional departments were established. After India achieved independence in 1947, the functions and powers of the university were re-organised under The Bombay University Act of 1953.  The name of the University was changed from University of Bombay to University of Mumbai in 1996.
In 1949, student enrollment was 42,272 with 80 affiliated colleges. By 1975, these numbers had grown to 156,190 and 114 respectively.
Bombay University Garden, circa 1890
The University's administration building with the Bombay Stock Exchange in the background
The Kalina campus in suburban Mumbai covers an area of 93 hectares (230 acres) and houses graduate training and research centres. Departments offering courses in the sciences, technology, commerce, and humanities are located here. Most colleges of engineering and medicine affiliated to the University of Mumbai, though, are privately owned. The university does not have its own engineering or medicine departments.
Centres and institutes located in the Kalina Campus include:
Examination House, also known as Mahatma Jyotirao Phule Bhavan houses the office of the Controller of Examinations. Centralized assessment of answer books for various departments is carried out in a separate four-storey annex. Examination processes were made more efficient by the introduction of online delivery of question papers for examinations, and assessment of answer books by scanning at remote examination centers. The academic depository of the university was started in collaboration with CDSL in 2015. The university is the first university in the country to start an academic depository. 
National Centre for Nanosciences and Nanotechnology -- a research facility
Department of Biophysics -- the only such department in western India
Jawaharlal Nehru Library
Garware Institute of Career Education and Development, whose courses include medical transcription and management courses such as agriculture business management, pharma management and tourism management
Alkesh Dinesh Mody Numismatic Museum which houses displays of currency from around the world
Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute for Financial and Management Studies (ADMI) which offers BMS, MFSM and MMS programmes
Department of Extra Mural Studies which conducts weekend courses in many disciples including astronomy, astrophysics, plant and animal taxonomy, hobby robotics, and hobby electronics
The Institute of Distance and Open Learning (IDOL) which offers courses in humanities, sciences, commerce, computer science, and information technology
Western Regional Instrumentation Centre (WRIC) -- a research and training facility for instrumentation engineering and science
Centre for African Studies
Centre for Eurasian Studies
A rose garden where more than a hundred varieties of rose have been cultivated
Marathi Bhasha Bhavan Centre which conducts academic and cultural activities associated with the Marathi language
The Thane Campus, established in 2014, spans an area of 2.4 ha (6 acres) and is a modern, two-storey complex. It houses administrative offices, the School of Law, University of Mumbai and also undertakes management courses.
The University of Bombay was established in 1857 at the Fort campus, which is located near the southern end of Mumbai island. It houses the administrative division of the university on a 5.3 ha (13 acres) site. It has 116,000 m2 (1.25×10^6 sq ft) of built-up area, 2,000 m2 (22,000 sq ft) of classrooms, and 7,800 m2 (84,000 sq ft) of laboratory space. There are two post-graduate centres, 354 affiliated colleges, and 36 departments. It is built in the Gothic style and the Rajabai Clock Tower stands on the lawns of the campus.
One of Mumbai's landmarks, the Rajabai Clock Tower was completed in the 1870s and houses the University of Mumbai's library. Sir George Gilbert Scott modeled the Rajabai Clock Tower on the clock tower of the Palace of Westminster in London. Local businessman Premchand Roychand contributed to the cost of construction and named the tower in memory of his mother, Rajabai. The tower is 85 m (280 ft) tall and has five storeys. At a height of 9.1 m (30 ft) from the ground, there are eight statues representing the Indian castes. The tower clock is reported to have played 16 tunes including Rule, Britannia. On the initiative of the then Vice-Chancellor, Dr. Rajan Welukar, the first phase of restoration of Rajabai Clock Tower started in 2013 and was completed in May 2015. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) gave a Rs 4 crore grant for this phase of the restoration project.
This minor campus, running mostly extramural courses, is located in the town of Ratnagiri.
The University of Mumbai has several hundred affiliated colleges offering undergraduate and post-graduate education, and conducting research in areas of science, commerce, arts, engineering, management, law, etc. Each college has its own campus and specialized departments/centres.
Areas of education and research are summarized in the table below:
This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability or notability policies. Please improve this article by removing names that do not have independent reliable sources showing they are notable AND alumni, or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body of the article through appropriate citations.(August 2017)
Vijay Gupchup - former Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the University of Mumbai, ex-chairman of the Research Council of Structural Engineering Research Centre in Chennai and ex-chairman of the National Board of Accreditation of AICTE