The University of Mumbai, informally known as Mumbai University (MU), is one of the earliest state universities in India and the oldest in Maharashtra.
The University of Mumbai offers Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral courses, as well as diplomas and certificates in many disciplines. The language of instruction for most courses is English. The University of Mumbai has three campuses across Mumbai (Kalina Campus, Thane Sub Campus and Fort Campus) and one outside Mumbai. The Fort campus carries out administrative work only. Several institutes in Mumbai previously affiliated to the university are now autonomous institutes or universities. The University of Mumbai is one of the largest universities in the world. In 2011, the total number of enrolled students was 549,432. The University of Mumbai currently has 711 affiliated colleges.
Historical building of the University in Mumbai
In accordance with "Wood's despatch", drafted by Sir Charles Wood in 1854, The University of Bombay was established in 1857 after presentation of a petition from the Bombay Association to the British colonial government in India. The University of Mumbai was modeled on similar universities in the United Kingdom, specifically the University of London.:188
The first departments established were the Faculty of Arts at Elphinstone College in 1835 and the Faculty of Medicine at Grant Medical College in 1845. Both colleges existed before the university was founded and surrendered their degree-granting privileges to the university. The first degrees awarded in 1862 were Bachelor of Arts and Licentiate in Medicine.
Initially, the Town Hall in Mumbai was used as the university's offices.
Until 1904, the university only conducted examinations, awarded affiliations to colleges, developed curricula and produced guidelines for colleges developing curricula. Teaching departments, research disciplines and post-graduate courses were introduced from 1904 and several additional departments were established. After India achieved independence in 1947, the functions and powers of the university were re-organised under The Bombay University Act of 1953.  The name of the University was changed from University of Bombay to University of Mumbai in 1996.
In 1949, student enrolment was 42,272 with 80 affiliated colleges. By 1975, these numbers had grown to 156,190 and 114 respectively.
Bombay University Garden, circa 1890
The University's administration building with the Bombay Stock Exchange in the background
The Kalina campus in suburban Mumbai covers an area of 93 hectares (230 acres) and houses graduate training and research centres. Departments offering courses in the sciences, technology, commerce, and humanities are located here. Most colleges of engineering and medicine affiliated to the University of Mumbai, though, are privately owned. The university does not have its own engineering or medicine departments.
Centres and institutes located in the Kalina Campus include:
- Examination House, also known as Mahatma Jyotirao Phule Bhavan houses the office of the Controller of Examinations. Centralized assessment of answer books for various departments is carried out in a separate four-storey annex. Examination processes were made more efficient by the introduction of online delivery of question papers for examinations, and assessment of answer books by scanning at remote examination centres. The academic depository of the university was started in collaboration with CDSL in 2015. The university is the first university in the country to start an academic depository. 
- National Centre for Nanosciences and Nanotechnology -- a research facility
- Department of Biophysics -- the only such department in western India
- Jawaharlal Nehru Library
- Garware Institute of Career Education and Development, whose courses include medical transcription and management courses such as agriculture business management, pharma management and tourism management
- MAST (?) FM, the campus radio station of the university operating at 107.8 MHz frequency modulation
- Alkesh Dinesh Mody Numismatic Museum which houses displays of currency from around the world
- Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute for Financial and Management Studies (ADMI) which offers BMS, MFSM and MMS programmes
- Department of Extra Mural Studies which conducts weekend courses in many disciples including astronomy, astrophysics, plant and animal taxonomy, hobby robotics, and hobby electronics
- The Institute of Distance and Open Learning (IDOL) which offers courses in humanities, sciences, commerce, computer science, and information technology
- Western Regional Instrumentation Centre (WRIC) -- a research and training facility for instrumentation engineering and science
- Centre for African Studies
- Centre for Eurasian Studies
- A rose garden where more than a hundred varieties of rose have been cultivated
- Marathi Bhasha Bhavan Centre which conducts academic and cultural activities associated with the Marathi language
The Thane Campus, established in 2014, spans an area of 2.4 ha (6 acres) and is a modern, two-storey complex. It houses administrative offices, the School of Law, University of Mumbai and also undertakes management courses.
The University of Bombay was established in 1857 at the Fort campus, which is located near the southern end of Mumbai. It houses the administrative division of the university on a 5.3 ha (13 acres) site. It has 116,000 m2 (1.25×106 sq ft) of built-up area, 2,000 m2 (22,000 sq ft) of classrooms, and 7,800 m2 (84,000 sq ft) of laboratory space. There are two post-graduate centres, 354 affiliated colleges, and 36 departments. It is built in the Gothic style and the Rajabai Clock Tower stands on the lawns of the campus.
Rajabai Clock Tower
One of Mumbai's landmarks, the Rajabai Clock Tower was completed in the 1870s and houses the University of Mumbai's library. Sir George Gilbert Scott modeled the Rajabai Clock Tower on the clock tower of the Palace of Westminster in London. Local businessman Premchand Roychand contributed to the cost of construction and named the tower in memory of his mother, Rajabai. The tower is 85 m (280 ft) tall and has five storeys. At a height of 9.1 m (30 ft) from the ground, there are eight statues representing the Indian castes. The tower clock is reported to have played 16 tunes including Rule, Britannia. On the initiative of the then Vice-Chancellor, Dr. Rajan Welukar, the first phase of restoration of Rajabai Clock Tower started in 2013 and was completed in May 2015. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) gave a Rs 4 crore grant for this phase of the restoration project.
This minor campus, running mostly extramural courses, is located in the town of Ratnagiri.
Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute Mumbai
Several departments of the University of Mumbai are located away from the three Mumbai campuses. These include the departments of Medicine and Medical Research located in several prominent hospitals in Mumbai, such as the Tata Memorial Hospital, Bombay Hospital and G.S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital. The Institute of Chemical Technology, then known as the UDCT, was originally an institution of MU, but later gained university status.Tata Memorial Hospital is now affiliated to the Homi Bhabha National Institute.
Similarly, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute was the first Engineering Institute in the University of Mumbai (1887) and Thadomal Shahani Engineering College was the first Engineering college in the University of Mumbai to start courses in Computer Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics Engineering and Biomedical Engineering. Sardar Patel College of Engineering is another engineering college affiliated to the University .
The Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies was established in 1965 in collaboration with Stanford Graduate School of Business of Stanford University.
Jawaharlal Nehru Library (JNL) is the central library, located on the campus at Kalina.
The technology and applied research journals and books of the University of Mumbai are kept in the libraries of the Institute of Chemical Technology, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies and Tata Memorial Hospital.
Faculties and departments
The University of Mumbai has several hundred affiliated colleges offering undergraduate and post-graduate education, and conducting research in areas of science, commerce, arts, engineering, management, law, etc. Each college has its own campus and specialized departments/centres.
Areas of education and research are summarized in the table below:
Internationally, the University of Mumbai ranked 801-1000 by the QS World University Rankings of 2018, 181 in Asia and 82 among BRICS nations.
The National Institutional Ranking Framework has ranked it in the 151-200 band overall in India and in the 101-150 band among universities.
Politics and public life
- B. R. Ambedkar - founding father of modern India, champion of human rights, author of the Constitution of India, social reformist and polymath
- Muhammad Ali Jinnah - founder and Father of the Nation of Pakistan
- Bhulabhai Desai - Indian independence activist and acclaimed lawyer
- Chaggan Bhujbal - Minister of Public Works Department and former Deputy Chief Minister, Government of Maharashtra
- Dadabhai Naoroji - intellectual, educator, cotton trader, and an early Indian political leader; the first Asian to sit in the British House of Commons
- Gopal Krishna Gokhale, CIE - social and political leader during the Indian Independence Movement
- Jayant Patil - Minister of Rural Development, Government of Maharashtra
- John Samuel Malecela - 6th Prime Minister of Tanzania, 1990-1994
- Kona Prabhakara Rao - State Governor of Maharashtra, Pondicherry and Sikkim; Finance Minister of Andhra Pradesh; former speaker of Andhra Pradesh State Assembly
- Lal Krishna Advani - former Deputy Prime Minister of India
- Lokmanya Tilak - Nationalist leader, savant, philosopher, mathematician, and advocate of Swaraj (self-rule)
- Mahadev Govind Ranade - distinguished scholar, social reformer and author
- Mancherjee Bhownagree - British politician of Indian Parsi heritage.
- Manohar Joshi - former Chief Minister of Maharashtra
- Sir Manubhai Mehta - Dewan of Baroda state; Prime Minister of Bikaner state
- Morarji Desai - 5th Prime Minister of India
- Nilesh Rane - MP from Ratnagiri-Sindhudurg
- Sir Pherozeshah Mehta, KCIE - Indian political leader, activist, and an erstwhile leading lawyer in Mumbai
- Praful Patel - MP from Bhandara-Gondiya
- Pratibha Patil - 12th President of India
- Rafiq Zakaria - politician and Islamic scholar
- Raj Thackeray - founder, leader and chairperson of the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena
- Sanjay Dina Patil - MP from Mumbai North East
- Sanjeev Naik - MP from Thane.
- Shivraj Patil - Governor of Punjab and former Home Minister of India
- Sushilkumar Shinde - former Home Minister of India
- Swati Dandekar - Member of the Iowa House of Representatives
- Vasundhara Raje - Chief Minister of Rajasthan, India
- Yashwantrao Chavan - 1st Chief Minister of Maharashtra; 5th Deputy Prime Minister of India
- Chintaman Dwarakanath Deshmukh, CIE, ICS - 3rd Governor of the Reserve Bank of India
- Shanti Gandhi - US politician and physician
- Kshama Sawant - member of the Seattle City Council (2014-present)
- Shreeram Shankar Abhyankar - Indian American mathematician known for his contributions to algebraic geometry, and former Marshall Professor and chair of mathematics at Purdue University
- Edward Hamilton Aitken - humorist, naturalist
- Salim Ali - Indian ornithologist and naturalist
- Mustansir Barma - Director of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
- John Barnabas - evolutionary biologist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize (1974)
- Sekhar Basu - Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India
- Homi Jahangir Bhabha, F.R.S. - nuclear physicist who played a major role in the development of India's atomic energy programme
- Renee M. Borges - ecologist
- Amol Dighe - professor of physics in Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
- Madhav Gadgil - ecologist and professor at Indian Institute of Science
- Ravi Gomatam - quantum physicist, director of Bhaktivedanta Institute
- Vijay Gupchup - former Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the University of Mumbai, ex-chairman of the Research Council of Structural Engineering Research Centre in Chennai and ex-chairman of the National Board of Accreditation of AICTE
- Jyeshtharaj Joshi - Indian chemical engineer and nuclear scientist, emeritus professor at Department of Atomic Energy
- Anil Kakodkar - former director of BARC, Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary to the Government of India Department of Atomic Energy
- Vijay Kumar Kapahi - astrophysicist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan - space scientist and former head of the Indian Space Research Organisation
- Mohammad Ali Reza Khan - wildlife conservationist
- Chandrashekhar Khare - professor of mathematics at the University of California Los Angeles
- Chunni Lal Khetrapal - chemical physicist and Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- Gopal Krishna - radio astronomer, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- Sethunathasarma Krishnaswami - geochemist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- Ashish Kishore Lele - chemical engineer, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- G.S. Maddala - American economist and mathematician
- Raghunath Mashelkar - F.R.S. - former Director General of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
- Abhas Mitra - head of theoretical astrophysics at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
- Nuggehalli Raghuveer Moudgal - endocrinologist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- Ramakrishnan Nagaraj - biochemist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- Mudumbai Seshachalu Narasimhan - F.R.S., mathematician and recipient of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize (1975)
- Raghavan Narasimhan - mathematician and professor at University of Chicago
- Virendra Nath Pandey - molecular virologist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- D. Raghavarao - statistician and Laura H. Carnell Professor and chair of statistics at Temple University
- Raja Ramanna - Indian nuclear scientist
- Doraiswami Ramkrishna - Harry Creighton Peffer Distinguished Professor of Chemical Engineering at Purdue University
- Vivek Ranade - chemical engineer, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- E. V. Sampathkumaran - condensed matter physicist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- N. S. Satya Murthy - physicist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- Conjeevaram Srirangachari Seshadri, F.R.S. - mathematician and recipient of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize
- H.N. Sethna - former Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission
- Man Mohan Sharma - F.R.S., former director of UDCT, Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan awardee
- Manil Suri - Indian mathematician and writer
- Bal Dattatreya Tilak - former director of National Chemical Laboratory and recipient of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, Padma Bhushan
- Jayant B. Udgaonkar - molecular biologist and Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- Acacio Gabriel Viegas - medical practitioner credited with the discovery of the outbreak of bubonic plague in Mumbai, India in 1896
- Georg Bühler - scholar of ancient Indian languages and law, fellow of University of Mumbai
- Indira Viswanathan Peterson - Professor of Asian Studies and editor of the Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces.
- Jagdish Bhagwati - University Professor of Economics at Columbia University
- Avinash Dixit - John J. F. Sherrerd '52 University Professor of Economics Emeritus at Princeton University
- Pandurang Vaman Kane - Indologist and Sanskrit scholar and former Vice-Chancellor of University of Mumbai
- Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar - Oriental scholar and social reformer, first batch graduate, later vice-chancellor
- Homi K. Bhabha - Anne F. Rothenberg Professor of English and American Literature and Language, and director of the Humanities Center, Harvard University
- Klaus Klostermaier, F.R.S.C. - Professor Emeritus at the University of Manitoba, scholar of Indian Studies
- Madhav Das Nalapat - academic, columnist, and UNESCO Peace Chair
- Madhav Sadashiv Gore - Vice-Chancellor of Jawaharlal Nehru University and Padma Bhushan awardee
- Nissim Kanekar, astrophysicist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
Beauty pageant winners
Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) have been signed with University of Amsterdam, University of Bath, Liverpool Hope University, Ryerson University, IESEG School of Management, Kühne Logistics University, Tianjin University of Technology, Nankai University in China and Edith Cowan University in Australia.
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Coordinates: 18°58?30?N 72°49?33?E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E