Vella Lavella
Get Vella Lavella essential facts below. View Videos or join the Vella Lavella discussion. Add Vella Lavella to your Like2do.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Vella Lavella
Vella Lavella
Solomon Islands - Vella Lavella.PNG
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean
Coordinates7°44?S 156°38?E / 7.733°S 156.633°E / -7.733; 156.633Coordinates: 7°44?S 156°38?E / 7.733°S 156.633°E / -7.733; 156.633
ArchipelagoSolomon Islands
Area628.9 km2 (242.8 sq mi)
Highest elevation790 m (2,590 ft)
Highest pointMount Tambisala
Administration
Solomon Islands
provinceWestern Province
Demographics
Population9106 (1999)
New Georgia Islands with Vella Lavella at upper-left

Vella Lavella is an island in the Western Province of the Solomon Islands. It lies to the west of New Georgia, but is considered one of the New Georgia Group. To its west are the Treasury Islands.

Geography

The island of Vella Lavella is located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. To the north is the island of Choiseul, to the northwest is the island of Shortland, and to the southeast is the island of New Georgia. Vella Lavella is a volcanic island, surrounded in some places by a coral reef. The island contains volcanic cones and one thermal spring. The highest elevation is Mount Tambisala at 790 metres (2,590 ft). The volcano Nonda (the youngest volcano of the island), has an elevation of 750 meters and is considered active, although it has never erupted in modern times. The smaller rivers running from the mountains to the coast allow irrigated horticulture to the inhabitants who live almost exclusively on the coast.

The climate on the island is wet, and tropical, and the island is prone to earthquakes and cyclones.

History

Painted potsherds found during excavations date back to an age of 2,000 to 3,000 years.

The Bilua language spoken on the island belongs to the Papuan languages, while the other languages of the Solomon Islands belong to the Austronesian languages. Therefore, archaeologists suspect the immigration of a people who did not come from the Melanesian settlement area.

On March 15, 1893 Vella Lavella was declared part of the British Solomon Islands protectorate. The island was occupied by the Empire of Japan in the early stages of the Pacific War. The Land Battle of Vella Lavella was fought between Allied and Japanese forces from 15 August - 6 October 1943. After a landing at Barakoma on 15 August, US troops advanced along the coasts, pushing the Japanese north. In September, New Zealand troops took over from the Americans and they continued to advance across the island, hemming the small Japanese garrison consisting of 250 Japanese personnel, who were a mix of soldiers evacuated from New Georgia and sailors who had been stranded on the island.[1]along the north coast. On 6 October, the Japanese began an evacuation operation to withdraw the remaining troops, during which the Naval Battle of Vella Lavella was fought. Following the capture of the island, the Allies developed it into an important airbase which was used in the reduction of main Japanese base at Rabaul. Subsequently, Barakoma Airfield on Vella Lavella was the home base for VMF-214 (the "Black Sheep," led by Gregory Boyington).[2]

Since 1978, the island has been part of the independent state of the Solomon Islands.

Notable local people

Notes

Footnotes
  1. ^ Rottman, Japanese Army in World War II, p. 68
  2. ^ The TV series Baa, Baa, Black Sheep renamed the island "Vella La Cava."
  3. ^ "The Hon. Milna Tozaka". National Parliament of Solomon Islands. Retrieved 2008.
  4. ^ Gary Hatigeva (5 January 2015). "Malaita Island". Tozaka meets Fijian Counterpart. The Island Sun (Solomon Islands). Retrieved 2014.
References

Gallery

External links

  • [1] overhead images show what may be the remains of the Marines' airfield.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Vella_Lavella
 



 

Top US Cities

Like2do.com was developed using defaultLogic.com's knowledge management platform. It allows users to manage learning and research. Visit defaultLogic's other partner sites below:
PopFlock.com : Music Genres | Musicians | Musical Instruments | Music Industry