Volusia County
Volusia County, Florida
County
County of Volusia
Volusia County (DeLand).JPG
Volusia County courthouse in DeLand, built in 2001.
Logo of Volusia County, Florida
Logo
Map of Florida highlighting Volusia County
Location in the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded December 29, 1854
Named for Community of Volusia
Seat DeLand
Largest city Deltona
Area
 o Total 1,432.44 sq mi (3,710 km2)
 o Land 1,101.03 sq mi (2,852 km2)
 o Water 331.40 sq mi (858 km2), 23.14%
Population (est.)
 o (2015) 517,887
 o Density 449.2/sq mi (173/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.volusia.org

Volusia County (, v?-LOOSH-?) is located in the east-central part of the U.S. state of Florida, stretching between the St. Johns River and the Atlantic Ocean. As of the 2010 census, the county was home to 494,593 people, an increase of 11.6% from 2000.[1] Its county seat is DeLand.[2] It was founded on December 29, 1854, and was named for the community of Volusia, located in northwestern Volusia County.

Volusia County is part of the Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL metropolitan statistical area, and is also part of the larger Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL Combined Statistical Area.

History

Volusia on the right bank of the St. John's River (c. 1835)
Timucua owl totem found near Hontoon Island in the St. Johns River, Volusia County

Volusia County was named after the then-largest-community, Volusia, when the Florida legislature divided Orange County on December 29, 1854. At the time, Volusia County had as few as 600 residents.[3]

The origins of the word "Volusia" are unclear, though there are several theories:

  1. The name came from a word meaning "Land of the Euchee," from the Euchee Indians who migrated into the area after the Timucua Indian cultures faded away in the early 1700s.[3] The Euchees (or Uchees) lived in the area of Spring Gardens, about ten miles south of Volusia.[4]
  2. The name was taken from a British man named Voluz who owned a plantation located on the St. Johns River in the late 1700s.[5]
  3. The name originated from the last name Veluche belonging to the French or Belgian owner of the trading post in Volusia. According to some, this was during the British regime, and according to others, it was around 1818. Over time, the name Veluche became anglicized to Volusia.[6]
  4. The town was established by and named for Jere Volusia.[7]
  5. The settlement was named by the Spanish after the celebrated Roman jurist Volusio, who wrote 30 books and tutored Marcus Aurelius, the Roman emperor and philosopher.[5]

The land area of present-day Volusia County was inhabited by the indigenous Timucua, and Mayaca people . Neither group exists today as distinct racial entities, having been decimated by war and disease after contact with European settlers. Evidence of their habitation can still be seen in various areas of Volusia County such as the large shell middens at Tomoka State Park.

During the British occupation of Florida, a failed colony was started in southeast Volusia County by Andrew Turnbull, known as New Smyrna. This colony was connected to St. Augustine, the capital of East Florida, via the Kings Road. After the failure of the colony the settlers, many of Menorcan and Greek heritage made the 70-mile (110 km) journey to live in St. Augustine.

The Seminole Indians, descendants of the Creek tribe of Alabama and Georgia who resisted forced relocation to Indian Territory also camped in various parts of Volusia County. During the Second Seminole War (1836-1842) a large sugar plantation in what is today the city of Daytona Beach was burned by the Seminole.

On the east shore of the St. Johns River in Volusia, in present-day DeBary, General Winfield Scott established a fort/depot in 1836 named Fort Florida.

Geography

Avenue of Moss-Covered Oaks, Near Ormond, Florida -- an 1893 duotone print

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,432 square miles (3,710 km2), of which 1,101 square miles (2,850 km2) is land and 331 square miles (860 km2) (23.1%) is water.[8]

Volusia County is bordered on the west by the St. Johns River and Lake Monroe, and by the Atlantic Ocean to the east. Roughly the size of Rhode Island, Volusia is situated 50 miles (80 km) northeast of Orlando, 60 miles (97 km) north of the Kennedy Space Center, and 89 miles (143 km) south of Jacksonville.

Regions

The Volusia County Government divides the county into three regions. This parallels the three calling regions used by BellSouth, the regional phone company:

East Volusia - also known as the Greater Daytona Beach Area, or the Halifax Area (named for the Halifax River which runs through the area), this region includes the cities of Daytona Beach, Daytona Beach Shores, Holly Hill, Ormond Beach, Ponce Inlet, Port Orange and South Daytona; and the surrounding unincorporated areas close to these cities.

Southeast Volusia - also known as the Greater New Smyrna Beach Area, this region includes the cities of New Smyrna Beach, Edgewater, and Oak Hill; also the unincorporated areas close to these cities.

West Volusia - also called Saint John's River Country (named for the Saint John's River which lies nearby), this region includes the cities of Barberville, DeBary, DeLand, DeLeon Springs, Deltona, Glenwood, Enterprise, Lake Helen, Orange City, Pierson, and Seville; as well as the surrounding unincorporated areas close to these cities. Deltona is the largest city in Volusia County.

Adjacent counties

Parks and gardens

Rivers and waterways

Major attractions

Law and government

Volusia County vote
by party in presidential elections
[9]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 54.32% 143,007 41.44% 109,091 4.25% 11,180
2012 49.94% 117,490 48.78% 114,748 1.28% 3,016
2008 46.53% 113,938 52.19% 127,795 1.28% 3,122
2004 48.89% 111,924 50.46% 115,519 0.65% 1,496
2000 44.84% 82,368 52.98% 97,313 2.17% 3,993
1996 39.39% 63,091 49.28% 78,919 11.33% 18,148
1992 38.05% 59,172 41.94% 65,223 20.00% 31,104
1988 56.56% 74,195 42.28% 55,469 1.16% 1,518
1984 60.93% 68,358 39.06% 43,820 0.01% 13
1980 51.69% 52,663 43.69% 44,513 4.62% 4,706
1976 42.53% 37,523 55.72% 49,161 1.75% 1,541
1972 70.60% 52,656 29.01% 21,637 0.39% 290
1968 39.91% 28,024 35.58% 24,987 24.51% 17,209
1964 41.72% 24,988 58.28% 34,901
1960 54.82% 28,367 45.18% 23,377
1956 63.40% 25,103 36.60% 14,489
1952 62.46% 19,815 37.54% 11,910
1948 39.46% 7,764 46.76% 9,202 13.78% 2,712
1944 42.80% 6,161 57.20% 8,233
1940 39.37% 6,509 60.63% 10,024
1936 38.37% 4,934 61.63% 7,924
1932 37.47% 4,425 62.53% 7,386
1928 67.78% 6,648 31.03% 3,043 1.19% 117
1924 40.83% 1,631 51.11% 2,042 8.06% 322
1920 41.30% 2,175 52.47% 2,763 6.23% 328
1916 33.41% 886 58.11% 1,541 8.48% 225
1912 11.60% 162 67.48% 942 20.92% 292
1908 35.10% 444 58.18% 736 6.72% 85
1904 25.05% 263 62.29% 654 12.67% 133

Under Volusia County's council-manager form of government, voters elect a county council which consists of seven members who serve four-year terms. Five are elected by district, the county chairman and at-large representative are elected county-wide.

The county council establish ordinances and policies for the county. It also reviews and approves the county budget annually. The county council appoints a county manager, who carries out the will of the council and handles day-to-day business.

Elected officials

  • County Chair: Ed Kelley
  • Commissioner-At-Large and Vice Chair : Joyce Cusack
  • District 1 Commissioner - Pat Patterson
  • District 2 Commissioner - Billie Wheeler
  • District 3 Commissioner - Debra Denys
  • District 4 Commissioner - Heather Post
  • District 5 Commissioner - Fred Lowry
  • County Manager (appointed) - James Dinneen

The following are considered county officials (except the Public Defender who is considered a State official) and are elected and paid by the county:

  • Sheriff - Mike Chitwood
  • Clerk of the Courts - Laura E. Roth
  • Property Appraiser - Larry Bartlett
  • Supervisor of Elections - Lisa Lewis
  • State Attorney - R.J. Larizza
  • Public Defender - James S. Purdy

County offices

  • Thomas C. Kelly Administration Center, 123 W. Indiana Ave., DeLand 32720
  • Daytona Beach Administration Building, 250 N. Beach St., Daytona Beach 32114
  • New Smyrna Beach Administration Office, 111 Canal St., New Smyrna Beach 32168
  • Orange City Administration Office, 2744 Enterprise Rd., Orange City 32763

Justice

Most of the county's courts are located in DeLand. There they preside over a variety of cases including felonies, misdemeanors, traffic, and domestic cases in their dockets. An elected prosecutor tries cases for the public. Defendants may find representation through the office of the elected public defender.

The power of electing the county's sheriff lies with the county's residents. The county sheriff is directly responsible to the courts but also to the state for the enforcement of state laws. The County sheriff's deputies provide law enforcement to the unincorporated areas of Volusia County, as well as assisting in the various municipal police departments such as the Daytona Beach Police Department

Many volunteers work alongside the paid professionals. Included are Citizen Observer Program (C.O.P.). C.O.P. volunteers working under the direction of the county sheriff and play a part in the county's policing operations.

The Volusia County Branch Jail is a modern facility located on U.S. Highway 92 also known as International Speedway Boulevard, which is approximately equidistant between DeLand and Daytona Beach. The county's jail imprisons convicted offenders who have been sentenced for a term of a year or less. Longer sentences may be served in the Florida state prison system or alternatively in the federal prison system according to the dictates of the offence.

Libraries

The county centrally controls 13 libraries, with DeLand and Daytona Beach-City Island being the largest two. Each library branch is administered by geographic region.

Region Libraries
Ormond Beach Region Ormond Beach Regional Library
Daytona Beach Region Daytona Beach Regional Library (Daytona Beach-City Island)
John H. Dickerson Heritage Library (Daytona Beach-Keech St.)
Port Orange Region Port Orange Regional Library
New Smyrna Beach Region New Smyrna Beach Regional Library
Edgewater Public Library
Oak Hill Public Library
DeLand Region DeLand Regional Library
Pierson Public Library
Deltona Region Deltona Regional Library
DeBary Public Library
Lake Helen Public Library
Orange City Public Library

Collections included 869,491 books, 83,943 videos, 58,784 audio materials, 2,051 magazines and newspapers, over 100,000 government documents and 51 licensed databases. Personal computers for public use are hooked up on broadband in all libraries. An estimated 230,000 Volusia County residents have library cards. One library card is valid at all locations, and materials are loaned between locations through a daily courier service and outside the libraries via Inter-Library Loan. Library cards are free for all Volusia County residents.

Depending on size, the branches have different operating hours; six are open every day of the week (Ormond Beach, Daytona Beach-City Island, Port Orange, New Smyrna Beach, DeLand, and Deltona), two are open six days a week (Edgewater and DeBary), and five are open five days a week (Daytona Beach-Keech Street, Oak Hill, Pierson, Lake Helen, and Orange City).[10]

Demographics

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 443,343 people, 184,723 households, and 120,069 families residing in the county. The population density was 402 people per square mile (155/km²). There were 211,938 housing units at an average density of 192 per square mile (74/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.11% White, 9.29% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 1.00% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.82% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 6.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 13.7% were of German, 11.5% Irish, 11.2% English, 10.7% American and 8.7% Italian ancestry.

There were 184,723 households out of which 24.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.40% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.00% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 22.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,219, and the median income for a family was $41,767. Males had a median income of $30,573 versus $22,471 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,664. About 7.90% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.30% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The overall Gross Metro Product (GMP) for Volusia County economy increased from $12.98-billion in 2005 to $13.69-billion in 2006; a $709.9-million increase. The GMP is an annual measurement of the total economic output and sales of goods and services provided within the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) that comprises all of Volusia County and its 16 cities. A GMP of $13.69-billion represents a significant circulation of new capital resources in an economy populated by just over 500,000 residents.

Local consumer confidence and a continued immigration of an estimated 28,800 new residents, new capital investments for new construction exceeding $1.11-billion and the steady growth of professional and health care services continued to drive much of the County's economic viability.

Volusia County's manufacturing sector maintained a steady and stable position within the local economy contrary to the declining trends being experienced elsewhere within the State of Florida. The overall number of manufacturers present within the county increased to over 430 in 2006 and accounted for a large portion of the county's GMP. Manufacturing maintains one of the highest of all average wage levels within the county and generates a higher rate of circulation of economic impact than any other business sector that comprises the local economy.

Volusia County's manufacturing sector generated an average annual wage of $37,632 in 2006, well above the county's average annual wage of $32,200 for all workers. [2]

Transportation

Transportation

Major roads

  • I-95.svg Interstate 95 is the main south-to-north interstate highway along the east coast of the state as well as Volusia County. Eight interchanges exist within the county, three of them in Daytona Beach.
  • I-4.svg Interstate 4 is the main west-to-east interstate highway through Central Florida, however it also serves as the westernmost interstate highway in the county. Contains at least seven interchanges and becomes State Road 400 east of I-95.
  • US 1.svg U.S. 1 is the main local road through eastern Volusia County, running south to north. Served as the main south-to-north highway in both the state and the eastern half of the county until I-95 was built.
  • US 17.svg US 17 is the main local road through western Volusia County, running south to north.
  • US 92.svg US 92 a west-to-east route shares a concurrency with US 17 further south in Polk County until branching off onto the International Speedway Boulevard.
  • Florida A1A.svg SR A1A is the scenic coastal alternate route to US 1, which also includes some county road spurs and extensions.
  • Florida 40.svg SR 40, a west-to-east road in northern Volusia County enters the county from the Astor Bridge over the St. Johns River and heads east towards Ormond Beach.
  • Florida 44.svg SR 44, a west-to-east road in southern Volusia County enters the county from the Crows Bluff Bridge over the St. Johns River and heads east towards New Smyrna Beach.
  • Florida 46.svg SR 46, a west-to-east road on the southwestern corner of Volusia County enters the county from the Mims Bridge over the St. Johns River and quickly enters Brevard County with no major junctions whatsoever.
  • Florida 5A.svg SR 5A is Nova Road, a suffixed alternate route of State Road 5, the unsigned hidden state road for US 1. It spans from Port Orange to Ormond Beach.
  • Florida 421.svg SR 421, a connecting west-to-east road between I-95 and the Port Orange Causeway
  • Florida 11.svg SR 11, a scenic south to north road that runs from US 17 north of DeLand to US 1 in Bunnell in Flagler County.
  • Florida 483.svg SR 483, a south-to-north state and county road that runs west of SR 5A spanning from Port Orange to Holly Hill. Runs along the eastern border of both Daytona Beach International Airport, and Daytona International Speedway.
The Volusia County Parking Garage in Daytona Beach

Public transportation

Volusia County Public Transit System (VOTRAN) is the local Volusia County bus service. The buses offer service throughout the county, Monday through Saturday, from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. and is handicapped-accessible. Limited service is offered in East Volusia in the evenings and on Sundays. The cost is $1.25 per trip, $3.00 for a one-day bus pass, or $40 for a 31-day pass (valid for all VOTRAN routes).

Passenger Train service to Volusia County is provided by Amtrak on the Silver Meteor and Silver Star routes. Service between Volusia County and Orlando is provided by SunRail, a commuter rail line running from Volusia to Orange County. The initial phase of the project commenced in 2014 and will extend service to as far north as DeBary. A planned expansion will include the DeLand Amtrak station in 2015.[17][18]

Education

Public primary and secondary education is handled by Volusia County Schools. Some of the larger private schools include Father Lopez Catholic High School.

Middle schools

High schools

Colleges and universities

The life-sized Wright Flyer statue at the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Daytona Beach campus.

Vocational

Media

Newspapers

Television

Television station WESH is allocated to Daytona Beach - Orlando, and its transmission tower is located midway between those two. Otherwise, Volusia County is served by the major TV broadcasting stations in Orlando and Orange County, Florida.

Radio

AM

  • WELE, 1380 AM, Ormond Beach, News/Talk
  • WMFJ, 1450 AM, Daytona Beach, Religious
  • WNDB, 1150 AM, Daytona Beach, News/Talk/Sports
  • WPUL, 1590 AM, South Daytona, Talk
  • WROD, 1340 AM, Daytona Beach, Standards
  • WSBB, 1230 AM, New Smyrna Beach, Standards
  • WTJV, 1490 AM, DeLand, Spanish Language
  • WYND, 1310 AM, DeLand, Religious

FM

  • WAPN, 91.5 FM, Holly Hill, Contemporary Christian
  • WCFB, 94.5 FM, Daytona Beach, Urban Adult Contemporary
  • WHOG-FM, 95.7 FM, Ormond-by-the-Sea, Classic Rock
  • WIKD-LP, 102.5 FM, Daytona Beach, Free-Format
  • WQMP, 101.9 FM, Daytona Beach, Top 40/CHR
  • WJLU, 89.7 FM, New Smyrna Beach, Religious
  • WJLU, 97.3 FM, DeLand, Religious
  • WKRO-FM, 93.1 FM, Port Orange, Country
  • WKTO, 88.9 FM, Edgewater, Religious
  • WLGM-LP, 93.9 FM, Edgewater
  • WNUE-FM, 98.1 FM, Deltona, Spanish Adult Hits
  • WOCL, 105.9 FM, DeLand, Oldies
  • WVYB, 103.3 FM, Holly Hill, Top 40

Places

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ a b Scofield, Tom. "What's in a name? Origins of Volusia". Volusia County. Retrieved 2014. 
  4. ^ Simmons, William Hayne (1822). Notices of East Florida. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press (1973 reprint). pp. 27, 28, 59. ISBN 0-8130-0400-4. Retrieved 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Poertner, Bo (10 May 1997). "While Visiting France, Volusia Man Finds Possible Link To County's Name". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2011. 
  6. ^ Gold, Pleasant Daniel (1927). History of Volusia County Florida. Daytona Beach, FL: Higginson Book Company (reprint). pp. 78-84. ISBN 0-8328-7061-7. 
  7. ^ Hay, Thomas (January-March 1917). "The Davis-Hood-Johnston Controversy of 1864". The Journal of American History. 11 (1): 68. doi:10.2307/1891927. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved . 
  9. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/
  10. ^ http://volusialibrary.org/VCPLbranches.html
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved 2014. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  17. ^ "Changing the Way Central Florida Travels". SunRail. Retrieved . 
  18. ^ [1] Archived April 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.

External links

Volusia Government Sites

Other sites

Coordinates: 29°3?N 81°9?W / 29.050°N 81.150°W / 29.050; -81.150


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