Waikiki
Waik?k?
Neighborhood of Honolulu
Aerial view of Waikiki
Aerial view of Waikiki
Country United States
State Hawaii
County Honolulu County
City Honolulu
Area
 o Total 3.4 sq mi (9 km2)
ZIP Code 96815
Area code(s) 808

Waik?k? (; Hawaiian: [v?j'ti:'ti:, w?j'ti:'ti:]) (also known as Waikiki Beach) is a beachfront neighborhood of Honolulu, on the south shore of the island of O?ahu, in Hawaii, United States. Waikiki is most famous for Waik?k? Beach, but it is just one of six beaches in the district, the others being Queen's Beach, Kuhio Beach, Gray's Beach, Fort DeRussy Beach and Kahanamoku Beach.

Waik?k? is home to public places including Kapi?olani Park, Fort DeRussy, Kahanamoku Lagoon, K?hi? Beach Park, and Ala Wai Harbor.

Etymology

The name Waik?k? means spouting fresh water in the Hawaiian language, for springs and streams that fed wetlands that once separated Waik?k? from the interior.[1]

History

The area was a retreat for Hawaiian royalty in the 1800s who enjoyed surfing there on early forms of longboards.[2]

A few small hotels opened in the 1880s. In 1893, Greek-American George Lycurgus leased the guest house of Allen Herbert and renamed it the "Sans Souci" (French for "without worries") creating one of the first beach resorts. Later that year Robert Louis Stevenson stayed at the resort; subsequently it became a popular destination for tourists from the mainland.[3] The area at coordinates 21°15?49?N 157°49?17?W / 21.26361°N 157.82139°W / 21.26361; -157.82139 is still called "Sans Souci Beach".[4]

Today, the area is filled with large resort hotels, such as the Hilton Hawaiian Village, Halekulani, the Hyatt Regency Waik?k?, Marriott Waikiki, Sheraton Waik?k?, and historic hotels dating back to the early 20th century (such as the Moana Surfrider Hotel and the Royal Hawaiian Hotel). The beach hosts many events a year, including surf competitions, outdoor performances, hula dancing and outrigger canoe races.

Geography

Waik?k? beach looking towards Diamond Head
Waik?k? beach as seen from Diamond Head

The neighborhood extends from the Ala Wai Canal (a channel dug to drain former wetlands) on the west and north, to Diamond Head (L??ahi) on the east. Waik?k? Beach is noted for its views of the Diamond Head tuff cone, its usually warm and cloud-free climate and its surf break.[5][6][7]

The Waik?k? skyline is now dotted with an abundance of both high-rises and resort hotels. The beach is actually fairly short, with half of it marked off for surfers. For some distance into the ocean the water is quite shallow, although there are numerous rocks on the bottom. As with most ocean beaches the waves can have some force, particularly on windy days. The surf at Waik?k? is known for its long rolling break, making it ideal for long boarding, tandem surfing and beginners.[8][9]

Main thoroughfares

Waik?k?'s main thoroughfare is Kalakaua Avenue, named after King Kalakaua, which houses most of the high-end hotels (Royal Hawaiian, Sheraton, Hyatt, Moana Surfrider Hotel), most of the luxury designer brand stores (Apple Store, Chanel, Louis Vuitton, Prada, Burberry, Dior, Tiffany & Co., Fendi, Cartier, Gucci, and Coach) and popular surf clothing brand stores (Quiksilver, Billabong, Volcom). Waik?k?'s other main thoroughfare, Kuhio Avenue, named after Prince Kuhio, is better known for its restaurants, cafes and grocers, along with its clubs, nightlife and prostitution.[10][11]

Beach problems

Erosion

Waik?k? Beach erosion in 2011
The restored Beach in June 2012

Over time, Waik?k? beach has had problems with erosion, leading to the construction of groynes and beach replenishment projects. For example, in the 1920s and 1930s sand was imported from Manhattan Beach, California, via ship and barge to Waik?k?.[12] Importing stopped in the 1970s. Officials are looking for ways to sustain the existing sand by eliminating loss due to tidal flow.[13] Subject to permits, a partial restoration was completed in the spring of 2012. The proposed project imported sand from nearby shoals and widened the 1,700-foot (520 m) long beach by about 37 feet (11 m) between the Royal Hawaiian Hotel concrete groyne and the K?hi? Beach crib wall. The project restored the beach to its 1985 shoreline.[14]

Water quality

Waikiki Beach has had contamination problems with sewage spills.[15][16][17][18]

Economy

China Airlines operates its Honolulu Branch Office in Waik?k?.[19]NTT DoCoMo also has limited operations here for the convenience of Japanese tourists. Hawaiian Airlines is based in Honolulu.[20]

Government and infrastructure

District 6 of the Honolulu Police Department (HPD) encompasses Waikiki.[21] The Waik?k? HPD Substation is located at 2425 Kalakaua Avenue next to Kuhio Beach Park.[22]

The United States Postal Service operates the Waik?k? Post Office at 330 Saratoga Road.[23]

Education

Hawaii Department of Education operates public schools. Thomas Jefferson Elementary School is located in Waik?k? proper, while Waik?k? Elementary School is located nearby, at the makai (southern) edge of the Kapahulu neighborhood.[24]

The Hawaii State Public Library System operates the Waik?k? Public Library at 400 Kapahulu Avenue.[25]

Twin towns - sister cities

Waikiki is twinned with:

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Lloyd J. Soehren (2010). "lookup of waikiki ". in Hawaiian Place Names. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library. Retrieved 2010. 
  2. ^ "Longboards used by royalty". Hawaii-post.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  3. ^ Helen G. Chapin (1981). "The Queen's "Greek Artillery Fire": Greek Royalists in the Hawaiian Revolution and Counterrevolution". Hawaiian Journal of History. 15. 
  4. ^ "Sans Souci Beach Park". Government, Official Web Site for The City and County of Honolulu. Honolulu, HI, USA: City and County of Honolulu. August 15, 2012. Retrieved 2012.  External link in |work= (help)
  5. ^ "Waikiki Historic Trail - Map". Hawaii Tourism Authority. Retrieved 2012. 
  6. ^ Young, Peter T (May 11, 2012). "Ho'okuleana: Waik?k? - Before the Ala Wai". Retrieved 2012. 
  7. ^ Ejiri, Masakazu (1996). "1: Introduction". The Development of Waikiki, 1900-1949: The Formative Period of an American Resort Paradise (Thesis). Honolulu: University of Hawai?i at M?noa. p. 1. Retrieved 2012. 
  8. ^ "Queens - Surfing in Oahu, United States of America - WannaSurf, surf spots atlas, surfing photos, maps, GPS location". wannasurf.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  9. ^ "Canoes - Surfing in Oahu, United States of America - WannaSurf, surf spots atlas, surfing photos, maps, GPS location". wannasurf.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  10. ^ "City to beautify Kuhio Avenue". The Honolulu Advertiser. January 26, 2004. Retrieved 2012. 
  11. ^ "Prostitution shifts from Waikiki". The Honolulu Advertiser. August 31, 2003. Retrieved 2012. 
  12. ^ Bonnie Beckerson (2001). "City of Manhattan Beach History". Retrieved 2010. 
  13. ^ "Where's Waikiki's sand?". CNN. Atlanta, GA, USA: Turner Broadcasting System. July 5, 2003. Archived from the original on July 7, 2008. Retrieved 2012. 
  14. ^ "Beach to be rebuilt with recovered sand - Hawaii News". Staradvertiser.com. June 30, 2010. Retrieved 2012. 
  15. ^ CNN, Jason Hanna. "Hawaii's Waikiki beaches shut after sewage spill". CNN. Retrieved . 
  16. ^ "Investigation Of Waikiki Beach Sewage Spill Closes". www.wateronline.com. Retrieved . 
  17. ^ Savage, Sam; Venzon, Nel C Jr (2008-01-30). "Massive Discharge of Untreated Sewage into the Ala Wai Canal (Oahu, Hawaii): A Threat to Waikiki's Waters?". Redorbit. Retrieved . 
  18. ^ "Sewage spill fouls Waikiki Beach - Wikinews, the free news source". en.wikinews.org. 2006-03-31. Retrieved . 
  19. ^ "Branch Offices North America." China Airlines. Retrieved on January 21, 2009.
  20. ^ "[1]
  21. ^ "HPD Community". Honolulupd.org. Retrieved 2015. 
  22. ^ "Contact HPD". Honolulupd.org. Retrieved 2015. 
  23. ^ ""Waikiki USPS Location Details". United States Postal Service. Retrieved 2015. 
  24. ^ "School Information." Waikiki Elementary School. Retrieved on May 22, 2009.
  25. ^ "Waikiki Public Library". Hawaii State Public Library System. May 22, 2009. Archived from the original on November 30, 2009. Retrieved 2016. 

External links

Coordinates: 21°16?31?N 157°49?52?W / 21.2752°N 157.8312°W / 21.2752; -157.8312


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