Weather And Climate

There is often confusion between weather and climate. Weather is the condition of the atmosphere at a particular place over a short period of time, whereas climate refers to the weather pattern(statistics) of a place over a long period , long enough to yield meaningful averages.[1][2]

Meteorology studies weather, while climatology studies climate; both are atmospheric sciences.


There are several elements that make up the weather and climate of a place. The major of these elements are the following: temperature, pressure, wind, solar energy, humidity , precipitation, and topography.

Modifying factors

The more important are also five: latitude, altitude, distance to the ocean and/ or sea, orientation of mountain ranges toward prevailing winds and ocean current.

See also


  1. ^ Arthur Newell Strahler (1960). Physical Geography. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Second Edition, p. 185
  2. ^ F. J. Monkhouse (1978). A Dictionary of Geography. London: Edward Arnold (Publishers) Ltd.

External links

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