Will County, Illinois
Will County, IL Events Directory
 
About Will County, IL
Will County, Illinois
Joliet State Prison (10045283735).jpg
Joliet State Prison
Map of Illinois highlighting Will County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded January 12, 1836
Named for Dr. Conrad Will
Seat Joliet
Largest city Joliet
Area
 o Total 849 sq mi (2,199 km2)
 o Land 837 sq mi (2,168 km2)
 o Water 12 sq mi (31 km2), 1.5%
Population (est.)
 o (2015) 687,263[1]
 o Density 810/sq mi (313/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 11th, 14th, 16th
Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.willcountyillinois.com

Will County is a county in the northeastern part of the state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 677,560, which is an increase of 34.9% from 502,266 in 2000,[2] making it the fourth-most populous county in Illinois. The county seat is Joliet.[3]

Will County is one of the five collar counties of the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area. The portion of Will County around Joliet uses the 815 and 779 area codes, 630 and 331 area code for far northern Will County, and 708 area code for eastern Will County.

History

Will County was formed in 1836 out of Cook and Iroquois. It was named after Dr. Conrad Will, a businessman involved in salt production in southern Illinois, and also a politician.[4] Will was a member of the first Illinois Constitutional Convention and a member of the Illinois Legislature until his death in 1835. On January 12, 1836, Will County was formed from Cook County and Iroquois County. It included besides its present area, the part of Kankakee County, Illinois lying north of the Kankakee River. Will County lost that area when Kankakee County was organized in 1852, but since then its boundaries have been unchanged.

Thirty-six locations in Will County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

"WILL, a county in the E. N. E. part of Illinois, bordering on Indiana, has an area of 1,236 square miles (3,200 km2). It is intersected by the Kankakee and Des Plaines Rivers, branches of the Illinois. The surface is generally level, and destitute of timber, excepting small groves. The soil is very fertile, and much of it is under cultivation. The soil of the prairies is a deep, sandy loam, adapted to Indian corn and grass. In 1850 the county produced 527,903 bushels of Indian corn; 230,885 of wheat; 334,360 of oats; 32,043 tons of hay, and 319,054 pounds of butter. It contained 14 churches, 3 newspaper offices; 3472 pupils attending public schools, and 200 attending other schools. Quarries of building stone are worked near the county seat. The Des Plaines river furnishes water-power. The county is intersected by the Illinois and Michigan canal, by the Chicago branch of the Central railroad, the Chicago and Mississippi, and by the Chicago and Rock Island railroad. Named in honor of Conrad Will, for many years a member of the Illinois legislature. Capital, Joliet. Population, 16,703."
-- 1854 U.S. Gazetteer

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 849 square miles (2,200 km2), of which 837 square miles (2,170 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (1.5%) is water.[5]

The Kankakee River, Du Page River and the Des Plaines River run through the county and join on its western border. The Illinois and Michigan Canal and the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal run through Will County.

A number of areas are preserved as parks (over 20,000 acres (81 km2) total) under the Forest Preserve District of Will County. The 17,000 acres (69 km2) Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie is a U.S. Forest Service park in the county on the grounds of the former Joliet Arsenal. Other parks include Channahon State Park and the Des Plaines Fish and Wildlife Area.

Climate and weather

Joliet, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
 
30
13
 
 
1.6
 
 
35
19
 
 
2.5
 
 
47
28
 
 
3.8
 
 
60
37
 
 
3.9
 
 
72
48
 
 
4.2
 
 
81
58
 
 
4.3
 
 
85
63
 
 
3.8
 
 
82
61
 
 
3.1
 
 
76
53
 
 
2.7
 
 
64
41
 
 
3
 
 
48
31
 
 
2.4
 
 
35
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Joliet have ranged from a low of 13 °F (-11 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of -26 °F (-32 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.58 inches (40 mm) in January to 4.34 inches (110 mm) in July.[6]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 677,560 people, 225,256 households, and 174,062 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 809.6 inhabitants per square mile (312.6/km2). There were 237,501 housing units at an average density of 283.8 per square mile (109.6/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 76.0% white, 11.2% black or African American, 4.6% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 5.8% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 15.6% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 21.6% were German, 18.6% were Irish, 13.3% were Polish, 11.1% were Italian, 5.9% were English, and 2.1% were American.[13]

Of the 225,256 households, 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.7% were non-families, and 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.41. The median age was 35.4 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $75,906 and the median income for a family was $85,488. Males had a median income of $60,867 versus $40,643 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,811. About 5.0% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Government

Will County is governed via a 26-member county board who are elected from one of 13 districts. Each district elects 2 members. The County Executive, County Clerk, Coroner, Auditor, Treasurer, Recorder of Deeds, State's Attorney and Sheriff are all elected in a countywide vote.

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 43.6% 132,720 49.9% 151,927 6.4% 19,579
2012 46.4% 128,969 51.9% 144,229 1.8% 4,967
2008 42.7% 122,597 55.9% 160,406 1.5% 4,178
2004 52.4% 130,728 46.9% 117,172 0.7% 1,709
2000 50.0% 95,828 47.4% 90,902 2.6% 4,940
1996 42.2% 62,506 46.8% 69,354 11.1% 16,444
1992 38.4% 58,337 39.2% 59,633 22.5% 34,153
1988 59.1% 73,129 40.3% 49,816 0.6% 786
1984 63.3% 78,684 36.3% 45,193 0.4% 520
1980 57.4% 69,310 34.8% 41,975 7.8% 9,373
1976 53.9% 61,784 44.5% 51,103 1.6% 1,840
1972 65.7% 65,155 33.9% 33,633 0.4% 430
1968 49.3% 43,630 35.7% 31,576 15.0% 13,254
1964 43.8% 38,619 56.3% 49,663 0.0% 0
1960 50.9% 42,575 49.0% 41,056 0.1% 81
1956 64.3% 45,628 35.5% 25,188 0.1% 100
1952 56.3% 38,533 43.5% 29,749 0.2% 110
1948 51.4% 28,601 47.5% 26,430 1.1% 597
1944 52.3% 30,058 47.1% 27,085 0.5% 310
1940 52.1% 32,291 47.5% 29,442 0.3% 213
1936 45.3% 25,028 50.9% 28,135 3.9% 2,151
1932 48.2% 25,173 49.4% 25,798 2.5% 1,295
1928 55.0% 26,081 44.0% 20,877 0.9% 447
1924 64.2% 22,780 13.3% 4,707 22.6% 8,018
1920 76.4% 21,746 19.0% 5,410 4.6% 1,318
1916 62.6% 19,881 35.8% 11,378 1.6% 506
1912 48.3% 8,092 28.1% 4,717 23.6% 3,958
1908 61.3% 10,358 33.7% 5,693 5.0% 850
1904 66.4% 10,001 21.2% 3,191 12.4% 1,873
1900 59.2% 10,056 39.2% 6,655 1.6% 269
1896 56.9% 9,249 42.3% 6,873 0.7% 120
1892 49.5% 6,720 47.4% 6,434 3.1% 420

Education

Transportation

Will County is served by 4 US Interstate Highways, 4 US Highways, and 12 Illinois Highways.

Major highways

Rail

Four different Metra commuter rail lines (Metra Electric Main Line, Southwest Service, Rock Island District and Heritage Corridor) connect the parts of the county with the Chicago Loop.

Energy Infrastructure

Pipelines

The county is a major hub in the United States natural gas pipeline grid where pipelines from Canada and the Gulf of Mexico meet and then fan out to serve the Midwest. The following major energy companies own pipeline that run through Will County:

Joliet Refinery

ExxonMobil owns and operated the Joliet Refinery which is located along the Des Plaines River just east of I-55. According to ExxonMobil, the refinery employs about 600 people and was constructed in 1972.[17]

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Townships

Will County is divided into these townships:

See also

References

Specific
  1. ^ "UNITED STATES QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011. 
  4. ^ "Was Dr. Conrad Will really worth his salt?", Ledger-Sentinel, Roger Matile, June 22, 2006
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Joliet, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  16. ^ retrieved 2007-02-13
  17. ^ http://www.exxonmobil.com/Corporate/Files/joliet_brochure.pdf
General
  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990: from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

External links

Coordinates: 41°26?N 87°59?W / 41.44°N 87.98°W / 41.44; -87.98


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