Woods Hole Science Aquarium
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Woods Hole Science Aquarium
Woods Hole Science Aquarium
WHSA Facade.jpg
Woods Hole Science Aquarium
Date opened 1885
Location 166 Water Street, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States
Coordinates 41°31?34?N 70°40?26?W / 41.526°N 70.674°W / 41.526; -70.674Coordinates: 41°31?34?N 70°40?26?W / 41.526°N 70.674°W / 41.526; -70.674
No. of species 140[1]
Annual visitors 80,000[2]
Owner Federal government of the United States
Public transit access Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority
Website aquarium.nefsc.noaa.gov
Harbor seal at the Woods Hole Science Aquarium
Ocean pout at the Woods Hole Science Aquarium
Sea robin at the Woods Hole Science Aquarium

The Woods Hole Science Aquarium (WHSA) is a small public aquarium in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States. It is owned by the US government and operated by the National Marine Fisheries Service and the Marine Biological Laboratory.

History

The Woods Hole Science Aquarium claims to be the oldest aquarium in the US.[2] In 1873[3] or 1875,[2]US Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries Spencer Fullerton Baird invited the public to his laboratory in Woods Hole to see animals and learn about marine science. In 1885, the US government built the first marine research building in Woods Hole, and Baird arranged for the first floor to house a public aquarium that displayed fish, invertebrates, and birds.[2] Baird's exhibit also inspired the creation of the National Aquarium in Washington, D.C. in 1878.[3] In 1954, the original laboratory building was damaged by Hurricane Carol, and it was torn down in 1958. The aquarium reopened in its current location in 1961.[2][4]

Exhibits

The aquarium's exhibits consist of marine animals found in the waters of the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic United States. Approximately 140 species of fish and invertebrates are displayed in indoor tanks and a touch tank. The aquarium also has an outdoor habitat that provides a permanent home for injured seals. As of 2016, the aquarium was home to two harbor seals. The aquarium receives approximately 80,000 visitors per year.[1][2]

Sea turtle conservation

In addition to its display animals, the Woods Hole Science Aquarium runs a program to rehabilitate sea turtles that have washed up on Cape Cod beaches after being injured or stunned by cold weather in late autumn. The turtles are rehabilitated until they are healthy enough to return to the wild, but they are not displayed to the public.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b "Exhibits". Woods Hole Science Aquarium. October 18, 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "About Us". Woods Hole Science Aquarium. October 18, 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Our Story". National Aquarium. 2015. Retrieved 2016. 
  4. ^ Hillard, James M. (1995). A Guidebook to Appreciating North America's Aquatic Treasures. Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow Press. pp. 88-90. Retrieved 2016. 
  5. ^ "Programs". Woods Hole Science Aquarium. October 18, 2016. Retrieved 2016. 

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


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