Kuo Zing-yang (or Z. Y. Kuo; simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Jyutping: Kuo Yam6 Yun5; 1898-1970), was a Chinese experimental and physiological psychologist. He was a renowned educator and is also notable as having been the President of Zhejiang University.
Kuo was born in Shantou, Guangdong Province in 1898. Kuo studied at Fudan University in Shanghai. In 1918, Kuo went to study in the United States. In 1923, Kuo obtained his PhD from the University of California, Berkeley (UC, Berkeley) at age 25.
Kuo went back to China, and founded the Department of Psychology at Fudan University in 1924. Kuo was a professor, the Vice-president; and from Apr 1924 to Nov 1925, the acting President of Fudan University. From 1927 to 1936, Kuo taught at National Central University and Zhejiang University. From 1933 to 1936, Kuo was the President of Zhejiang University, and did the most important research of his academic career - about animal's behavior epigenetics.
In Dec 1935, the December 9 Movement broke out, which led to a large student strike in Zhejiang University. There were some severe conflicts between Kuo and some students and faculty, and Kuo was described as "autocratic" in the handling this incident. Chiang Kai-shek then intervened, leading to Kuo's resignation from his university president position.
From 1936 to 1945, Kuo was a visiting scholar to United States, and did research and lectured in several American universities. Kuo was a visiting professor of UC Berkeley, Yale University and the University of Rochester, and a researcher at Carnegie Institution in Washington, D.C..
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