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1980 in Video Gaming
1980 saw the release of a number games with influential concepts, including Pac-Man, Battlezone, Crazy Climber, Mystery House, Missile Command, Space Panic, Zork I, and Olympic Decathlon. The Atari VCS (later the Atari 2600) grew in popularity with a port of Space Invaders and support from new developer Activision.
- May 22, Namco releases Pac-Man (originally Puckman in Japan). It becomes the highest-grossing game of all time. It has the first gaming mascot character, established the maze chase genre, opened gaming to female audiences, introduced power-ups, and featured cutscenes.
- May, Stratovox from Sun Electronics is the first game with voice synthesis.
- July, Atari, Inc. releases the cold war inspired Missile Command.
- October, Nichibutsu releases the vertically-scrolling Crazy Climber, the first video game with a climbing mechanic and an objective of climbing to the top of the level.
- November 12, Stern Electronics releases Berzerk, with designer Alan McNeil's signature on the monitor glass of each cabinet.
- November, Namco releases Rally-X, the first game with a bonus round. It also features multi-directional scrolling.
- November, Universal releases Space Panic, the first game with platforms and ladders. The term platform game was still several years in the future.
- Atari, Inc. releases first-person, 3D tank shooter Battlezone.
- Cinematronics releases Star Castle. In 1982 the Atari 2600 port ends up as Yars' Revenge.
- Midway's Wizard of Wor is released, allowing two players to fight simultaneously in monster-filled mazes.
- The multi-stage Phoenix sports one of the first video game bosses, in the form of a purple alien in a mothership.
- ^ Video Game Myth Busters - Did the "Crash" of 1983/84 Affect Arcades?, The Golden Age Arcade Historian (December 27, 2013)
- ^ Steve L. Kent (2001), The ultimate history of video games: from Pong to Pokémon and beyond: the story behind the craze that touched our lives and changed the world, Prima, p. 143, ISBN 0-7615-3643-4, retrieved 2011,
Despite the success of his game, Iwatani never received much attention. Rumors emerged that the unknown creator of Pac-Man had left the industry when he received only a $3500 bonus for creating the highest-grossing video game of all time.
- ^ The Essential 50 - Pac-Man, 1UP
- ^ Playing With Power: Great Ideas That Have Changed Gaming Forever, 1UP
- ^ Gaming's Most Important Evolutions Archived June 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., GamesRadar+