Ali Ibn Al-Madini
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Ali Ibn Al-Madini
Ali ibn al-Madini
Born161 AH
Died234 AH
EraMedieval era
RegionIraq

Ab? al-?asan ?Al? ibn ?Abdill?h ibn Ja?far al-Mad?n? (778 CE/161 AH - 849/234) (Arabic: ? ? ?‎) was a ninth-century Sunni Islamic scholar who was influential in the science of hadith.[2] Alongside Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Ibn Abi Shaybah and Yahya ibn Ma'in, Ibn al-Madini has been considered by many Muslim specialists in hadith to be one of the four most significant authors in the field.[3]

Biography

Ibn al-Mad?n? was born in the year 778 CE/161 AH in Basra, Iraq to a family with roots in Medina now in Saudi Arabia.[4] His teachers include his father, ?Abdull?h ibn Ja?far, ?amm?d ibn Yaz?d, Hushaym and Sufy?n ibn ?Uyaynah and other from their era. His teacher, Ibn ?Uyaynah, said that he had learned more from Ibn al-Mad?n?, his student, than his student from him.[2]

Ibn al-Mad?n? specialized in the disciplines of hadith, biographical evaluation and al-?Ilal, hidden defects, in the sanad, chain of narration. He was praised by other hadith specialists for his prowess in that field--by both his contemporaries, students and his teachers. ?Abd al-Ra?m?n ibn Mahd?, a scholar who preceded him, described Ibn al-Mad?n? the most knowledgeable person of prophetic hadith.[2]

His students include prominent hadith scholars in their own right. They include: Mu?ammad ibn Ya?y? al-Dhuhal?, Mu?ammad ibn Isml al-Bukh?r?, Ab? D?w?d Sulaym?n ibn al-Ash?ath al-Sijist?n? and others. Al-Bukh?r?, who went on the collect what is considered to be the most authentic collection of hadith in Sunni Islam, said that he did not consider himself diminutive in comparison to anyone other than Ibn al-Mad?n?.

Al-Dhahab? lauded Ibn al-Mad?n? as an im?m and as exemplary to subsequent scholars in the field in hadith, a description he considered tarnished by Ibn al-Mad?n?'s adopted position in the theological inquisition of the ninth century. According to Al-Dhahab?, he adopted a position in favor of the Mu?tazilah regarding the uncreated origin of the Quran, but later regretted this and declared the claimant that the Quran was created as an apostate.[2]

Ibn al-Mad?n? died in Samarra, Iraq in June, 849/Dhu al-Qa'dah, 234.[2][4]

Works

Al-Nawaw? said Ibn al-Mad?n? authored approximately 100 works some on subjects not previously written about and many not since superseded.[4]

  • al-?Ilal - on the subject of hidden defects (`ilal) in the sanads of hadith;[4] of which a small segment has been published[5]
  • Kit?b al-?u?af?' - on the subject of weak hadith narrators in the discipline of biographical evaluation[5]
  • al-Mudallis?n - on the subject of hadith narrators who utilize ambiguous terminology in narrating[5]
  • al-Asm?' wa al-Kun? - on names paidonymics[5]
  • al-Musnad - a collection of hadith arranged by narrator[5]
  • Kitab Ma'rifat al-Sahaba - The Book of Knowledge of the Companions

Early Islam scholars

References

  1. ^ Al-Bastaw?, ?Abd al-?Al?m ?Abd al-?Am (1990). Al-Im?m al-J?zaj?n? wa-manhajuhu fi al-jar? wa-al-ta?d?l. Maktabat D?r al-?aw?. p. 9.
  2. ^ a b c d e al-Dhahabi, Muhammad ibn Ahmad (1957). al-Mu`allimi, ed. Tadhkirah al-Huffaz (in Arabic). 2. Hyderabad: Dairah al-Ma`arif al-`Uthmaniyyah. pp. 428-9.
  3. ^ Ibn al-Jawzi, The Life of Ibn Hanbal, pg. 45. Trns. Michael Cooperson. New York: New York University Press, 2016. ISBN 9781479805303
  4. ^ a b c d al-Nawawi, Yahya ibn Sharaf (2005). Ali Mu`awwad and Adil Abd al-Mawjud, ed. Tahdhib al-Asma wa al-Lughat (in Arabic). al-Asma. Beirut: Dar al-Nafaes. pp. 455-6.
  5. ^ a b c d e al-Mu`allimi, Abd al-Rahman ibn Yahya (1996). Ali al-Halabi, ed. `Ilm al-Rijal wa Ahimmiyyatuh (in Arabic) (first ed.). Riyadh: Dar al-Rayah. p. 38.



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