Canada At the 1904 Summer Olympics
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Canada At the 1904 Summer Olympics
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg
NOCCanadian Olympic Committee (in English) (in French)
in St. Louis
Ranked 4th
Summer Olympics appearances (overview)
Other related appearances
1906 Intercalated Games

Canada competed at the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, United States. These Games were the second at which Canadian athletes participated. As in 1900 they did not compete under the Canadian flag, national teams not being introduced until the next Olympics. Unofficially, however, it was a very successful Olympics for Canada with Canadian competitors winning the fourth most medals. However this was largely because most Europeans decided not to make the long trip to compete in the games. The Canadian athletes were a unified group for the first time and were unofficially regarded as a team.


The most notable Canadian medal winner was Etienne Desmarteau who placed first in the 56 pound weight throw. He was fired as a Montreal police officer when he left to compete at the games. Returning as a medallist and local hero he was reinstated, but died the next year of typhoid.

Canada won two golds in team sports, two thirds of Canada's total in all summer games. The Canadian soccer team from Galt, Ontario won gold and a team known as the Winnipeg Shamrocks won the field lacrosse title. The third-place finishers were also from Canada, a team of Mohawks from a reserve near Brantford.

Of note was Peter Deer, a full blooded Iroquois Indian, who competed in the 800 & 1500 metres races, he was the first Native person to represent Canada outside her borders. Deer was a mechanic by day and was a member of the Montreal Amateur Athletics Association. He was 23 in 1904, he came from Caughnawaga, a native village on the South Bank.

Results by event

Etienne Desmarteau
Percival Molson


Event Place Athlete Heats Repechage Final
Men's 60 metres 7-8 Robert Kerr Unknown
2nd, heat 3
3-4, repechage
Did not advance
Event Place Athlete Heats Final
Men's 100 metres 7-11 Robert Kerr Unknown
3rd, heat 2
Did not advance
Men's 200 metres 5th Robert Kerr Unknown
3rd, heat 2
Did not advance
Event Place Athlete Final
Men's 400 metres 7-12 Percival Molson Unknown
Men's 800 metres 7-13 Peter Deer Unknown
John Peck Unknown
Men's 1500 metres 6th Peter Deer Unknown
Men's 56 pound weight throw 1st Étienne Desmarteau 10.46 metres OR


Canada made its first football appearance in 1904, sending a club team to St. Louis. The team defeated each of the two United States club teams in the round-robin tournament. The International Olympic Committee later awarded the club a gold medal for its performance.

Event Place Team Wins Losses Percent
Men's football 1st Galt F.C.
George Ducker, John Fraser, John Gourlay (captain),
Alexander Hall, Albert Johnson, Robert Lane, Ernest Linton,
Gordon McDonald, Frederick Steep, Tom Taylor, William Twaits,
Otto Christman, Albert Henderson
(USA 7-0)
(USA 4-0)
0 1.000


George Seymour Lyon
Event Place Golfer Qualification Round of 32 Round of 16 Quarterfinal Semifinal Final
Men's individual 1st George Lyon 169 (9th) Defeated John Cady Defeated Stuart Stickney Defeated Albert Lambert Defeated Francis Newton Defeated Chandler Egan
65th Bertie Austin 211 Did not advance
73rd Albert Austin 270


Two teams from Canada played in the 1904 lacrosse competition. The Winnipeg Shamrocks defeated the team from St. Louis by a score of 8-2 in the final to win gold.

Event Place Team Semifinals Final
1st Shamrock Lacrosse Team Bye Defeated  United States (USA)
St. Louis Amateur Athletic Association
3rd Mohawk Indians Lost to  United States (USA)
St. Louis Amateur Athletic Association
Did not advance
Winnipeg Shamrocks



  1. ^ "1904 Winnipeg Shamrocks". Manitoba Sports Hall of Fame.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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