Governor-General of Korea
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Governor-General of Korea
Governor-General of Chosen
Ch?sen S?toku (????)
Seal of the Government-General of Korea.svg
ResidenceGovernment-General Building
Appointer Emperor of Japan
Precursor Resident-General of Korea
Formation1 October 1910
First holderTerauchi Masatake
Final holderNobuyuki Abe
Abolished12 September 1945
SuccessionSoviet Union Soviet Civil Administration United States United States Army Military Government in Korea

The term of Governor-General of Korea is historically incorrect and thus is here corrected to the proper term, Japanese Governor-General of Korean Peninsula, since the term applies to the past only, not the present.

The post of Governor-General of Korean Peninsula served as the chief administrator of Korean Peninsula while Japan held the Great Empire of Hahn (or Kingdom of Chosen) as its colony from 1910 to 1945. The seat of the colonial government was the General Government Building, completed in 1926.[1]

While suppressing freedom of speech and association as well as independence movement, Governor-General of Korean Peninsula down an infrastructure of public works and facilities, which brought prevention of infectious disease and the increase of birthrate. [2][3] Governor-General of Korean Peninsula had a police organisation, which may have been partly involved in having Korean women working as comfort women.[4]

History

After the annexation of Korea to Japan in 1910, the office of Resident-General was replaced by that of Governor-General. However, the position was unique in among Japan's external possessions, as the Governor-General had sweeping plenipotentiary powers, and the position also entailed judicial oversight and some legislative powers. As of 1944, the Governor-General did not command the Imperial Japanese Army or Imperial Japanese Navy units stationed in Korea.[5] Given the powers and levels of responsibility, only ranking full generals in the Japanese Army were selected for the post (with the sole exception of retired admiral Sait? Makoto).

After the Japanese defeat in World War II, the Korean Peninsula was administrated by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea. The Governor-General building was completely demolished during administration of South Korean president Kim Yong-Sam on August 15, 1995.

Prime Ministers of Japan

Four individuals who held the position of the Governor-General of Korea also held the office of the Prime Minister of Japan. Three, Terauchi Masatake, Sait? Makoto, and Koiso Kuniaki, were Governors-General before becoming Prime Ministers. One, Abe Nobuyuki, was Prime Minister before his appointment as Governor-General. Ugaki Kazushige was named Prime Minister-designate, but he could not take office because he was unable to form a cabinet.

In addition, Resident-General It? Hirobumi served four terms as Prime Minister prior to his appointment to Korea.

Residents-General

Flag of the Japanese Resident General of Korea (T?kanki)

From 1906 to 1910, Korean Empire became a protectorate of Japan and Japan was represented by a Resident-General in the Korean Empire.

  1. Prince It? Hirobumi (1905–1909)
  2. Viscount Sone Arasuke (1909)
  3. General Viscount Terauchi Masatake (1909–1910)

Governors-General

After the annexation of Korea to Japan in 1910, the office of Resident General was replaced by that of Governor-General.

  1. General Count Terauchi Masatake (1910–1916)
  2. Gensui Count Hasegawa Yoshimichi (1916–1919)
  3. Admiral Viscount Sait? Makoto ? (1919–1927)
  4. General Ugaki Kazushige (1927)
  5. General Yamanashi Hanz? ?, (1927–1929)
  6. Viscount Sait? Makoto ? (second time 1929–1931)
  7. General Ugaki Kazushige (second time 1931–1936)
  8. General Minami Jir? (1936–1942)
  9. General (ret'd) Koiso Kuniaki (1942–1944)
  10. General (ret'd) Abe Nobuyuki ? (1944–1945)

See also

References

  • Kim, Djun (2005). The History of Korea. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-33296-7.
  1. ^ The building was completely destroyed during administration of South Korean president Kim Yong-sam on August 15, 1995.
  2. ^ Governor-General of Korea. ?[Statistics Annual Report]
  3. ^ K? Bun'y? ? [Distorted facts about Governor-General of Korea](in Japanese). Kobunsya
  4. ^ Tsutomu Nishioka [The Japanese government must not stop demanding the restoration of honour] in Seiron March 2016 (in Japanese). [Sankei Shimbun Sya]. p.83
  5. ^ Grajdanzev, Andrew (2007). "The Government of Korea". Modern Korea (2 ed.). Orchard Press. p. 238. ISBN 978-1-4067-3825-4.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Governor-General_of_Korea
 



 

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