Hinduism in Australia
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Hinduism in Australia

Australian Hindus
Total population
440,300 (2016)
1.90% of the Australian Population
Regions with significant populations
Sydney · Canberra · Melbourne · Adelaide · Perth · Brisbane
Languages
English, Indian Languages, Mauritian Creole
Hinduism is the fastest growing religion in absolute numbers in every state and territory of Australia.

Hinduism is a major religion in Australia consisting of more than 440,300 followers, making up 1.9% of the population as of the 2016 census, up from 275,000 individuals representing 1.3% of the total Australian population according to the 2011 census[1] (up from 148,119 in the 2006 census).[2] Hinduism is one of the fastest growing religions in Australia mostly through immigration.[3] Hinduism is also one of the most youthful religions in Australia, with 34% and 66% of Hindus being under the age of 14 and 34 respectively.[4]

In the 19th century, the British first brought Hindus from India to Australia to work on cotton and sugar plantations. Many remained as small businessmen, working as camel drivers, merchants and hawkers, selling goods between small rural communities. These days Hindus are well educated professionals in fields such as medicine, engineering, commerce and information technology, constituting a model minority. The Hindus in Australia are mostly of Indian, Sri Lankan, Fijian, Malaysia, Singapore, Nepali, and Bangladesh origin, with some originating from other parts of the Indian subcontinent including Sindh.[]

The majority of Australian Hindus live along the Eastern Coast of Australia and are mainly located in the cities of Melbourne and Sydney. According to the 2016 census, the Hindu population numbered 440,310 individuals, of whom 39% lived in Greater Sydney, 29% in Greater Melbourne, and 8% each in Greater Brisbane and Greater Perth. The states and territories with the highest proportion of Hindus are the Australian Capital Territory (2.57%) and New South Wales (2.43%), whereas those with the lowest are Queensland (0.98%) and Tasmania (0.50%).[5] As a community Hindus live relatively peacefully and in harmony with the local populations. They have established a number of temples and other religious meeting places and celebrate most Hindu festivals.

Year Percent Increase
1986 0.14% -
1991 0.25% +0.11%
1996 0.38% +0.13%
2001 0.51% +0.13%
2006 0.75% +0.24%
2011 1.28% +0.53%
2016 1.90% +0.62%


Timeline

The following dates briefly outline the arrival of Hinduism.

  • As early as 300AD - Indonesian Hindu merchants make contact with Australian Aborigines.[]
  • 1788 - Indian crews from Bay of Bengal came to Australia on trading ships.[6]
  • 1816 - Domestic servants in European households left the port of Calcutta to take up labouring work in Sydney.
  • 1844 - P. Friell who had previously lived in India, brought 25 domestic workers from India to Sydney and these included a few women and children.[7]
  • 1850s - A Hindu Sindhi merchant, Shri Pammull, built a family opal trade in Melbourne that has prosperously continued with his third-to fourth-generation descendants.[8]
  • 1857 - The census showed a mere 277 Hindus in Victoria. The gold rush years attracted many Indians to Australia and across the borders to the gold mines in Victoria.
  • 1893 - The census showed that 521 Hindus were living in New South Wales.
  • 1901 - Just about 800 Indians lived in Australia, the majority of them lived in northern NSW and Queensland.
  • 1911 - The census counted 3698 Hindus in the entire country.[9]
  • 1921 - Less than 2200 Indians lived in Australia.
  • 1971 - Swami Prabhupada arrives in Australia and founded first Hare Krishna centre in Sydney.[10]
  • 1977 - The first Hindu temple in Australia, the Sri Mandir Temple, was built. Established by three devotees; Dr Prem Shankar (from Ujhani, UP), Dr Padmanabn Shrindhar Prabhu and Dr Anand, who bought an old house in Auburn NSW and paid $12000.00 to convert it into a temple.[11][12]
  • 1981 - The census recorded 12,466 Hindus in Victoria and 12,256 in NSW from a total of 41,730 in the entire country.
  • 1985 - A Hindu society, the Saiva Manram, was formed to build a temple for Lord Murukan. Since its inception, Lord Murukan has been called 'Sydney Murukan'. The Saiva Manram has worked hard for nearly ten years to build a temple for Lord Murukan.
  • 1986 - According to the 1986 census, the number of Hindus in Australia surpasses 21,000.
  • 1991 - According to the 1991 census, the number of Hindus in Australia surpasses 43,000.
  • 1996 - Hindus with their birthplace in India made up 31 per cent of all Hindus in Australia. But the census also showed there were 67,270 Hindus living in Australia.[13]
  • 2001 - According to the 2001 census, the number of Hindus in Australia surpasses 95,000.[14]
  • 2003 - Sri Karphaga Vinayakar Temple was formed to build a temple for Lord Ganesha/Ganapathi/Vinayakar. Since its inception, Lord Ganesh has been called 'Sydney Ganesh Temple'. "www.vinayakar.org.au"
  • 2006 - According to the 2006 census, the number of Hindus in Australia surpasses 145,000.[15]
  • 2011 - According to the 2011 census, the number of Hindus in Australia surpasses 275,000.[16]
  • 2015 - Daniel Mookhey becomes the first Australian MP to be sworn into office by swearing his/her oath on the Bhagavad Gita.[17]
  • 2016 - 2016 Census data states that Hindus comprise almost 2% of the Australian population, surpassing the percentage of Hindus(1.85%, as of the latest 1998 Census) in Pakistan.


Hindus by State/Territory

Data from the 2011 Census showed that all states(and A.C.T and the Northern Territory) apart from New South Wales had their Hindu population double from the 2006 census. New South Wales has had the largest number of Hindus since at least 2001.

State/Territory Population 2016 Census Percentage 2016 Census Population 2011 Census Percentage 2011 Census 2011-2016 Growth Reference
New South Wales 181,402 2.4% 119,843 1.7% +61,559 [18]
Victoria 134,939 2.3% 83,102 1.6% +51,837 [19]
Queensland 45,961 1.0% 28,609 0.7% +17,352 [20]
Western Australia 38,739 1.6% 21,048 0.9% +17,691 [21]
South Australia 22,922 1.4% 13,616 0.9% +9,306 [22]
Australian Capital Territory 10,211 2.6% 6,053 1.7% +4,158 [23]
Northern Territory 3,562 1.6% 1,642 0.8% +1,920 [24]
Tasmania 2,554 0.5% 1,608 0.3% +946 [25]
State/Territory Population 2011 Census Percentage 2011 Census Population 2006 Census Percentage 2006 Census 2006-2011 Growth Reference
New South Wales 119,843 1.7% 73,717 1.1% +46,126 [26]
Victoria 83,102 1.6% 42,248 0.9% +40,854 [27]
Queensland 28,609 0.7% 14,040 0.4% +14,569 [28]
Western Australia 21,048 0.9% 8,110 0.4% +12,938 [29]
South Australia 13,616 0.9% 5,114 0.3% +8,502 [30]
Australian Capital Territory 6,053 1.7% 3,289 1.0% +2,764 [31]
Northern Territory 1,642 0.8% 536 0.3% +1,106 [32]
Tasmania 1,608 0.3% 784 0.2% +824 [33]
People who are affiliated with Hinduism as a percentage of the total population in Australia divided geographically by statistical local area, as of the 2011 census
Hinduism in Metropolitan Sydney by LGA as of the 2011 Census data.
Hinduism in Adelaide LGA's by percentage of population as of the 2011 Australian Census.

Hindu temples in Australia

Demographics

People who are affiliated with Hinduism as a percentage of the total population in Sydney divided geographically by postal area, as of the 2011 census

According to the 2006 Census, 44.16% of all Australians who were born in India were Hindu, so were 47.20% of those born in Fiji, 1.84% born in Indonesia, 3.42% from Malaysia, and 18.61% from Sri Lanka.[34]

Hindu Converts

Many local Australians are interested in learning Hinduism. Hinduism is also more popular among the Anglo-Australians.[35] Many Caucasians in Australia also visit the Hindu temple at Carrum Downs (Shri Shiva Vishnu Temple) and learn Vedic Hindu scriptures in Tamil.[36]The ISKCON Hindu community in Australia has 60,000 members - 70% of whom are Hindus from overseas, with the other 30% being Anglo Australians.[37] The 2016 Census noted 415 Hindus belonging to the indegenous community of Australia (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people).[38]

Languages

Less than 17% of the Australian Hindus use English as their home language. The number of Australian Hindus speaking various languages in their home according to the 2006 census:[39]

Oversea territories

Hinduism is practised by the small number of Malaysian Indians in Christmas Island.[40][41]

Image Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Megan Levy (13 April 2012). "Snapshot of a nation: What the census revealed about us". Theage.com.au. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ "2006 Census Table : Australia". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ "Melbourne's fastest-growing religion". Theage.com.au. 30 June 2008. Retrieved 2013.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 March 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ "Census TableBuilder - Dataset: 2016 Census - Cultural Diversity". Australian Bureau of Statistics - Census 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 April 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ "Indian overseas Population - Indians in Australia. Non-resident Indian and Person of Indian Origin". NRIOL.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ "Early Disciples Celebrate Forty Years of ISKCON in Australia".
  11. ^ "History - SRI MANDIR". www.srimandir.org.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 2015.
  13. ^ Statistics, c=AU; o=Commonwealth of Australia; ou=Australian Bureau of. "Main Features - Census shows non-Christian religions continue to grow at a faster rate". www.abs.gov.au.
  14. ^ "Hinduism". www.ncls.org.au.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  16. ^ "Hindu fastest growing religion in australia - visareporter".
  17. ^ Hasham, Nicole (12 May 2015). "Labor MLC Daniel Mookhey makes Australian political history by swearing on the Bhagavad Gita". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  18. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  19. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  20. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  21. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  22. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  23. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  24. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  25. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  26. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  27. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  28. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  29. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  30. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  31. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  32. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  33. ^ "Religion - Australia - Community profile". profile.id.com.au.
  34. ^ "2914.0.55.002 2006 Census Ethnic Media Package" (Excel download). Census Dictionary, 2006 (cat.no 2901.0). Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 June 2007. Retrieved 2008.
  35. ^ https://www.boldsky.com/insync/life/2017/how-is-hinduism-growing-in-australia-111810.html
  36. ^ https://www.sbs.com.au/news/the-rise-of-hinduism-in-australia-will-it-continue
  37. ^ https://www.thecitizen.org.au/articles/more-australians-putting-their-faith-hinduism
  38. ^ http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/2071.0~2016~Main%20Features~Religion%20Article~80
  39. ^ "Census 2011 Australia | ABS Population Income | SBS Census Explorer". Sbs.com.au. Retrieved 2013.
  40. ^ http://www.cidhs.cx/island-induction
  41. ^ Simone Dennis (2008). Christmas Island: An Anthropological Study. Cambria Press. pp. 91-. ISBN 9781604975109.

Sources

Byrnes, J 2007,'Hinduism', Religion and Ethics <http://www.abc.net.au/religion/stories/s790133.htm> https://web.archive.org/web/20140812214434/http://www.theindiansun.com.au/top-story/australias-oldest-hindu-temple-readies-janmasthami/

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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