Jacob M. Appel (born February 21, 1973) is an American author, poet, bioethicist, physician, lawyer and social critic.  He is best known for his  short stories, his work as a playwright, and his writing in the fields of reproductive ethics, organ donation, neuroethics and euthanasia. Appel's novel  won the The Man Who Wouldn't Stand Up Dundee International Book Prize in 2012.   He is Director of Ethics Education in Psychiatry at the  Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City.
Appel was born in the
Bronx and raised in Scarsdale, New York, and  Branford, Connecticut. His family is Jewish.  He completed his  BA at Brown University with double majors in English and American literature and in history (1995). He has seven master's degrees: from Brown (  MA in European history, 1996),  Columbia University ( MA in American history, 1998, and MPhil, 2000),  New York University ( MFA in creative writing with a focus in fiction, 2000),     Albany Medical College, constituent of the Union University of New York ( MS in bioethics, 2012), and then completed his MFA in playwriting from Queens College of the City University of New York (2013) and  MPH from the Mount Sinai School of Medicine (2014)  Furthermore, he has a  JD from Harvard Law School (2003)   and an  MD from the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (2009). He completed his  residency and fellowship at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City and is a practicing psychiatrist there.  He is also licensed to practice law in New York and Rhode Island.  
Fiction writer and playwright
Appel is a "prolific"
short story writer. His fiction has been published in two hundred fifteen   literary journals including , Agni  , The Alaska Quarterly Review  , The Gettysburg Review  The Missouri Review ,  StorySouth and  . Virginia Quarterly Review His first story collection,  Scouting for the Reaper, won Black Lawrence Press's Hudson Prize in 2012. Among the other awards he has won for his short stories are those sponsored by the  (1998) Boston Review and  (2004, 2007, 2008). New Millennium Writings   He won the  William Faulkner-William Wisdom Award for best short story in 2004 and a Sherwood Anderson Foundation grant in 2005.  His fiction has been short-listed for the  O. Henry Prize (2001),  (2007, Best American Short Stories 2008  , 2013),  (2006, Best American Nonrequired Reading 2007  ),  (2009) Best American Mystery Stories and the  Pushcart Prize (2006, 2007,  2011  , 2014).
His debut novel,
The Man Who Wouldn't Stand Up, won the 2012 Dundee International Book Prize and was published by Cargo in October 2012.  It was described as a "A darkly comic satire, full of insight into American culture" by Stephen Fry and "engaging, funny, ingenious, even charming" by Philip Pullman.  His book subsequently won  The International Rubery Book Award in 2013.
His plays have been performed by companies across the U.S., including the
Detroit Repertory Theatre, Heller Theatre, and Epilogue Players.  
Appel has taught creative writing at the
Gotham Writers' Workshop and New York University. He served as Writer-in-Residence at  Yeshiva College in 2013. 
As a professional bioethicist, Appel has published in
, Hastings Center Report    , The Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics  , Bulletin of the History of Medicine   The Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics,   , The Journal of Medical Ethics     The Journal of Bioethical Inquiry and  GeneWatch, the journal of the Council for Responsible Genetics. He is the author of a "Bioethics in Action" curriculum for  . The New York Times  
Appel is an advocate for the decriminalization of
assisted suicide, raising the possibility that this might be made available to both the  terminally ill and those with intractable, long-term mental illness.  He has also defended the  Groningen Protocol. He has written in favor of  abortion rights and fertility treatment for homosexuals, as well as against electronic medical records, which he sees as poorly secured against hacking. He has also argued in favor of the legalization of  prostitution, polygamy and incest between consenting adults. He has raised concerns regarding the possibility that employers will require their employees to use pharmaceuticals for cognitive enhancement and has urged that death row inmates be eligible to receive kidney transplants.   He generated considerable controversy for endorsing the mandatory use of  preimplantation genetic diagnosis as part of the in vitro fertilization process to prevent the implantation of embryos carrying severe genetic defects. Appel has also written in support of an "open border" immigration policy. Among the causes that Appel has embraced is opposition to the forcible feeding of hunger strikers, both in domestic prisons and at Guantanamo Bay.  
He has taught
medical ethics at New York University,  Columbia University,   Mount Sinai School of Medicine   and Brown University's  Alpert Medical School.   
Appel writes for both
The Huffington Post and Opposing Views. He has staked out a libertarian position of many bioethical issues, advocating a worldview that he describes as "a culture of liberty." He has also authored  opinion pieces in The New York Times, , New York Daily News , New York Post , Chicago Tribune , Orlando Sentinel , Albany Times-Union , Tucson Citizen , Detroit Free Press , New Haven Register and Baltimore Sun . The Providence Journal         series named his nonfiction pieces as "notable essays" in the years 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015 and 2017. The Best American Essays     
(Cargo, 2012) The Man Who Wouldn't Stand Up  
( The Biology of Luck Elephant Rock, 2013)
( Scouting for the Reaper Black Lawrence, 2014)
(University of South Carolina Press, 2014) Phoning Home
(Pressgang/Butler University, 2014) Einstein's Beach House
The Magic Laundry ( Snake Nation, 2015)
(Black Lawrence, 2015) Miracles and Conundrums of the Secondary Planets
(Howling Bird Press/ The Topless Widow of Herkimer Street Augsburg College, 2016)
(Black Lawrence, 2016) Coulrophobia & Fata Morgana
(Permanent Press, 2017) The Mask of Sanity
The Liars' Asylum (Black Lawrence Press, 2017)
(Gallery Books, 2017) Millard Salter's Last Day
The Amazing Mr. Morality (Vandalia Press/ West Virginia University, 2018) The Cynic in Extremis: Poems (Able Muse, 2018)
^ a b c Nagamatsu, Sequoia "A Few Words with the Ubiquitous Jacob M. Appel"
Prince Mincer Journal http://primemincer.com/ confirmed 26 April 2013
Dundee International Book Prize won by Jacob M Appel, BBC, 25 October 2012
Book review: The Man Who Wouldn't Stand Up, Jacob Appel, The Scotsman, Lifestyle, 17 Nov 2012
^ Jacob M Appel named as Dundee International Book Prize winner, The Courier, 9 January 2013
^ Rosenblum, Constance.
Boulevard of Dreams, New York University Press, 2009, P. 174
^ Appel, JM. Phoning Home. University of South Carolina Press, 2015
Appel, Jacob M. (2014). Phoning home : essays. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 9781611173710.
Mount Siani School of Medicine Psychiatry Residency Class of 2013
'Brown Alumni Monthly' Fresh Ink, Jan/Feb 2013, Available online at
Jacob Appel'09: Doctor, Lawyer, Writer, Teacher, Tour Guide
^ GENETIC SCREENING AND CHILD ABUSE: CAN PGS RISE TO THE LEVEL OF CRIMINALITY? Winter, 2012 UMKC Law Review 80 UMKC L. Rev. 373
Bellevue Literary Review, Fall2005
^ Columbia Medicine, Jacob Appel'09: Doctor, Lawyer, Writer, Teacher, Tour Guide, 4 October 2011
^ Exposure, Sycamore Review, 1 Jul 2007
WIPS Conversation: Jacob M. Appel on His Work in Progress
Protean novelist is comfortable on the edge
Nonconsensual Blood Draws and Dual Loyalty: When Bodily Integrity Conflicts with the Public Health
^ Arborphilia tackles social issues, The Detroit News, Oct 27, 2006
Interview with Prime Mincer
^ Sweden Asks: Should Convicted Murderers Practice Medicine? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics / Volume 19 / Issue 04 / October 2010, pp 559-562
Jacob Appel '09: Doctor, Lawyer, Writer, Teacher, Tour Guide, Columbia Medicine, October 04, 2011, Available online at 
^ "Harsh Treatment at Guantánamo" NYT April 21, 2013
The silent rise of the DNA nannies. Wash Times November 18, 2010
Official website - Biography
^ Lange, Sarah C. "Writers with day jobs, take heart,"
The Writer March 24, 2011.
The Frying Finn in AGNI
^ Appel, Jacob M. "Invasive Species," Alaska Quarterly Review, 24(3&4), P. 143
^ Gettysburg Review, Volume 23, Issue 2, Summer 2010
^ Missouri Review 30.1 (Spring 2007): "Love and Loneliness"
"Grappling" in StorySouth
^ Virginia Quarterly Review. Summer2009, Vol. 85 Issue 3, p168-180.
Bartleby Snopes "Author Showcase: Jacob M Appel" September 15, 2012
"Shell Game with Organs", short story by Jacob Appel, online at the site, retrieved August 10, 2011. Boston Review
"Enoch Arden's One Night Stands". Archived from the original on 2009-03-02 . Retrieved .
"Hazardous Cargoes". Archived from the original on 2008-12-21 . Retrieved .
"The Appraisal" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-09-26 . Retrieved .
^ Larson, Susan. "Winner's Circle" New Orleans Times-Picayune December 5, 2004
^ Greensboro News & Record, October 23, 2005
^ O Henry Award 2001 (Larry Dark ed Random House 2001)
^ The Best American Short Stories 2007 (Stephen King, Heidi Pitlor eds.)
^ The Best American Short Stories 2008 (Salman Rushdie, Heidi Pitlor eds.)
The Best American Nonrequired Reading 2006 Dave Eggers (ed.) Mariner Books 2006
The Best American Nonrequired Reading 2007 Dave Eggers (ed.) Mariner Books 2007
The Best American Mystery Stories 2009 Penzler, Otto and Deaver, Jeffrey(eds.), Houghton Mifflin, New York, 2009.
^ The Pushcart Prize XXX : Best of the Small Presses (Bill Henderson ed) 2006
^ The Pushcart Prize XXXI : Best of the Small Presses (Bill Henderson ed) 2007
^ The Pushcart Prize XXXV: Best of the Small Presses (Bill Henderson ed.) 2011
^ a b
"Dundee International Book Prize won by Jacob M Appel - BBC News". Bbc.co.uk . Retrieved .
^ a b
Runcie, Charlotte. "Jacob M Appel's The Man Who Wouldn't Stand Up wins Dundee Book Prize". The List . Retrieved .
"The Man Who Wouldn't Stand Up - Kindle edition by Jacob M. Appel. Literature & Fiction Kindle eBooks @". Amazon.com . Retrieved .
^ Gridley, Jesse. "Lighting Up the Stage,"
Writers Digest, December 2008, P. 50
^ Shade, Karen. "Belles Are Back: Players Revisit Characters" Tulsa World, June 24, 2007
 Faculty Profile: Jacob M. Appel, August 21, 2010
^ Appel, JM. Organ Solicitation on the Internet: Every Man for Himself?,
Hastings Center Report, 2005
^ Appel, JM. May Doctors Refuse Infertility Treatments to Gay Patients? Hastings Center Report, Volume 36, Number 4, July-August 2006, pp. 20-21
^ A Appel, JM. Suicide Right for the Mentally Ill?: A Swiss Case Opens a New Debate, Hastings Center Report, 2007
^ Appel, JM. Smoke and Mirrors: One Case for Ethical Obligations of the Physician as Public Role Model,
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics (2009), 18: 95-100 Cambridge University Press
^ Appel, JM. "Physicians are not Bootleggers": The Short, Peculiar Life of the Medicinal Alcohol Movement,
Bulletin of the History of Medicine, Volume 82, Number 2, Summer 2008, pp. 355-386
^ Appel, JM. A duty to kill? A duty to die? Rethinking the euthanasia controversy of 1906,
Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 2004
^ Appel, JM. English high court orders separation of conjoined twins,
The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 2000
^ Appel, JM. Research Guidelines: Changes UrgedJM Appel - The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 2001
^ Appel, JM. Is all fair in biological warfare? The controversy over genetically engineered biological weapons,
Journal of Medical Ethics, 2009
^ Appel, JM. Sex rights for the disabled?
J Med Ethics 2010;36:152-154
^ Appel, JM. Mixed motives, mixed outcomes when accused parents won't agree to withdraw care, Journal of Medical Ethics 2009;35:635-637
^ Appel, JM. Defining death: when physicians and families differ[PDF] Journal of Medical Ethics, 2005
^ Appel, JM. Neonatal Euthanasia: Why Require Parental Consent?, Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Volume 6, Number 4, 477-482
^ Appel, JM. "The Monster's Law: A History of Chimera Research," Volume 19, Number 2. March-April 2006
Bioethics in Action, Part I: Helping Students Explore Difficult Questions in Health Care
Bioethics in Action, Part II: Teaching About the Challenge of Balancing the Needs of Patients
^ Room for Debate: The Power of the 'Culture War' NYT April 10, 2012
Article from Hastings Center
^ Mike Hinkle, "Europe's euthanasia enthusiasm is alarming,"
Edmonton Sun, April 26, 2013
Chicago Tribune article
^ J M Appel When the boss turns pusher: a proposal for employee protections in the age of cosmetic neurology J Med Ethics 2008; 34: 616-618
^ Appel, JM. "Wanted Dead or Alive? Kidney Transplantation in Inmates Awaiting Execution," The Journal of Clinical Ethics. Volume 16, Number 1. Spring 2005.
^ Appel, Jacob. Harsh Treatment at Guantánamo,
The New York Times, April 21, 2013
^ Appel, Jacob. "Rethinking Force-Feeding: Legal and Ethical Aspects of Physician Participation in the Termination of Hunger Strikes in American Prisons," Public Affairs Quarterly. Volume 26 o Number 4 October 2012
Republican-American, "Resurgence of pro-life sentiment," 1 Jul 2009
^ Venus Theatre's 2009 Season,
Washington Post 17 Dec 2008
^ Literary Notes,
Greensboro News & Record 23 Oct 2005
^ Appel, Jacob, "Toward a three-parent baby,"
Providence Journal 13 Dec 2009
Washington Times, " The silent rise of the DNA nannies," 18 Nov 2010
^ The enemy within,
The Boston Globe, 21 Nov 2010
^ Maimin, Sybil. "Dr. Jacob Appel, Bioethicist," Education Update, Jan-feb 2012
^ Columbia Medicine
Jacob Appel'09: Doctor, Lawyer, Writer, Teacher, Tour Guide 4 Oct 2011
^ "Meet the Author," The Missouri Review, Volume 30, Number 1, Spring 2007 P. 28
A Culture of Liberty Huffington Post, July 21, 2009.
Finally give N.Y. families end-of-life decisionmaking power, New York Daily News, Sept. 6, 2009
^ Guest Opinion, Benefits of requiring genetic testing for in vitro fertilization are clear,
Tucson Citizen, March 10, 2009
^ JM Appel. Why shared medical database is wrong prescription. Orlando Sentinel, December 30, 2008
^ Appel, Jacob M.
'Gene-nappers,' like identity thieves, new threat of digital age
^ Appel, Jacob M.
The mindfulness pandemic: a symptom or cure?
Archived 2012-03-06 at the Wayback Machine., The New Haven Register, Nov. 5, 2009
Health Care Hard to Recognize, Tough to Define. Albany Times-Union, Nov. 12, 2009
Are we too afraid of suicide?
The Best American Essays 2011 (Robert Atwan, Edwige Dandicat eds.) 2011 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2012. P. 233.
The Best American Essays 2012 (Robert Atwan, David Brooks eds.) 2012 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2012. P. 302.
The Best American Essays 2013 (ed. Robert Atwan) Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2013
^ a b
The Best American Essays 2017 (ed. Robert Atwan) Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2017
^ Motika, Libby. Bonitanicum Seedlings.
Palisadian Post June 1, 2006
^ Shade, Karen "Round the Bend Players offer funny, sometimes dark story,"
Tulsa World, August 24, 2006
^ Readling, Mike. "IRSC's Fine Arts Season promises mix of dance, drama, musical theater,"
Treasure Coast Palm August 28, 2009
Could you have done better? August 16, 2008
^ Highlights of fall season,
Detroit Free Press, August 23, 2009
^ Reinink, Amy, "Women claim a dramatic spot in Laurel,"
Business Gazette, August 27, 2009