List of Space Travelers by Name
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List of Space Travelers by Name
The criteria for determining who has achieved
human spaceflight vary. The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) defines spaceflight as any flight above 100 kilometres (62 mi), a definition recognized by every country. In the 1960s, the United States Department of Defense awarded the rating of astronaut to military and civilian pilots who flew aircraft higher than 50 miles (80 km). This list follows the FAI criterion.
From the Department of Defense, eight USAF and NASA pilots qualified for the
Astronaut Badge by flying the sub-orbital X-15 rocket spaceplane. One of these, Joseph A. Walker, flew the X-15 above 100 km on two flights, becoming the first person to enter space twice. However, the other pilots did not reach the 100 km FAI limit.
All other men and women traveled to outer space in non-winged rockets, the orbital
Space Shuttle, or the sub-orbital Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne rocket spaceplane. 
People who died training for space travel or died during missions that failed to reach the required altitude such as
Christa McAuliffe can be found in the article on space disasters.
As of June 17, 2018
, a total of 561 people have gone to space.
As of November 6, 2013
38 countries have gone into space according to the FAI guideline (543 people have qualified when including the US Department of Defense classification). Of the 536, three people completed only a sub-orbital flight, 533 people reached Earth orbit, 24 traveled beyond low Earth orbit and 12 walked on the Moon.
, a total of 536 people from
Space travelers have spent over 29,000 man-days (or a cumulative total of over 77 years) in space including over 100 man-days of
spacewalks.  Names in
italic are space travelers who have left low Earth orbit. National flags indicate the space traveler's citizenship at the time of flight(s).
before a name denotes space travelers who have walked on the Moon. A
before a name denotes that the person died during spaceflight, or during an attempted spaceflight. A
before a name denotes a female space traveler. A
before a name denotes a male space traveler. A before a name denotes that the person is currently in space.
Joseph M. Acaba
/ Viktor M. Afanasyev
Aydyn Aimbetov, first cosmonaut by KazCosmos-selection in space
Toyohiro Akiyama, the first business-sponsored space traveler and the first Japanese person in space
Sultan Salman Al Saud, first Saudi Arabian in space, only royal person in space, first Middle Eastern person in space
, flew on Buzz Aldrin Apollo 11; second person to walk on the Moon
Aleksandr Panayotov Aleksandrov
Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov
Andrew M. Allen
Joseph P. Allen
, first William Anders Asian-born person in space (born in Hong Kong, but an American citizen)
Michael P. Anderson (1959-2003), died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle of Columbia disaster STS-107  (Claudie André-Deshays - see
/ Anousheh Ansari, fourth spaceflight participant and first female spaceflight participant, first female Muslim in space, and first Iranian in space
Dominic A. Antonelli
(1930-2012), flew on Apollo 11; first person to walk on the Moon Neil Armstrong 
Richard R. Arnold
Yuri Artyukhin (1930-1998) 
Toktar Aubakirov, first Kazakh born person in space
Serena Auñón-Chancellor / Sergei Avdeyev
James Bagian, first Armenian in space
John-David F. Bartoe
Yuri Baturin, first Russian politician in space
Patrick Baudry, first African-born man and second Frenchman in space
(1932-2018), flew on Alan Bean Apollo 12; fourth person to walk on the Moon
Robert L. Behnken
Ivan Bella, first Slovak in space
Pavel Belyayev (1925-1970)
Georgi Beregovoi (1921-1995), earliest-born person to go into orbit
Anatoli Berezovoy (1942-2014)
Brian Binnie, second commercial (launched by a private company) astronaut; suborbital flight only
Michael J. Bloomfield
Guion Bluford, first African-American in space
Karol Bobko, first graduate of the United States Air Force Academy to become an astronaut
Eric A. Boe
Roberta Bondar, first Canadian woman in space
, commander of Frank Borman Apollo 8, the first spaceflight to orbit the Moon
Stephen G. Bowen
Charles Brady (1951-2006)
Roy Bridges; became Director of the Kennedy Space Center in March 1997
David M. Brown (1956-2003), died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle of Columbia disaster STS-107 
Daniel Bursch Valery Bykovsky
Scott Carpenter (1925-2013), a Project Mercury astronaut
Sonny Carter (1947-1991) 
Christopher J. Cassidy, 500th astronaut in space
(1934-2017), flew on Gene Cernan Apollo 17 
/ Franklin Chang-Diaz, the only Costa Rican, first Hispanic-American in space, holder of the shared record of seven space flights
/ Kalpana Chawla (1961-2003), first Indian-American woman in space; died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle of Columbia disaster STS-107 
Jean-Loup Chrétien, first French person in space and first non-Soviet European to walk in space
Laurel B. Clark (1961-2003), died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle of Columbia disaster STS-107 
; first Italian-born person in space (born in Rome to American parents) Michael Collins, flew on Apollo 11
, (1930-1999), commanded Pete Conrad Apollo 12 and the first Skylab mission 
Gordon Cooper (1927-2004), first American to fly in space for over 24 hours
Robert Crippen, flew on STS-1
Samantha Cristoforetti, first Italian woman in space
Walter Cunningham, flew on Apollo 7
Robert Curbeam Nancy Currie (Nancy Sherlock)
Yuri Gagarin (1934-1968), first person in space  
Jake Garn, a United States Senator and first politician in space
Marc Garneau, first Canadian in space
Richard Garriott, first second generation American in space; son of Skylab astronaut Owen Garriott
Robert L. Gibson
/ Yuri Gidzenko
Yuri Glazkov (1939-2008)
John Glenn (1921-2016), first American to orbit the Earth, the oldest person to make a spaceflight, and U.S. Senator
Michael T. Good
(1929-2017), flew on Richard Gordon Apollo 12
Stanley Griggs (1939-1989)
Virgil "Gus" Grissom (1926-1967), first NASA astronaut to go into space twice; first person to go into space twice in a capsule-type spacecraft; would have been the first person to fly three times; died in the Apollo 1 disaster 
Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa, first Mongolian in space Sidney Gutierrez
Chris Hadfield, first Canadian to walk in space
Claudie Haigneré, first Frenchwoman in space
, flew on Fred Haise Apollo 13
Bernard Harris, first African-American to walk in space
Henry Hartsfield (1933-2014)  
Karl Henize (1926-1993)   
Miros?aw Hermaszewski, first Pole in space
José M. Hernández
John Herrington, first Native American in space
Michael S. Hopkins
Millie Hughes-Fulford, first female payload specialist
Douglas G. Hurley Rick Husband (1957-2003), died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle of Columbia disaster STS-107 
Oleg Makarov (1933-2003)
Franco Malerba, first Italian in space (Michael Collins was born in Rome, Italy in 1930, he has always been an American citizen, born of American parents.)
Yury Malyshev (1941-1999)
/ Gennadi Manakov
Musa Manarov, first Azerbaijan-born man in space
Thomas H. Marshburn
, flew on Thomas Kenneth "Ken" Mattingly II Apollo 16, STS-4, and STS-51-C
K. Megan McArthur
William S. McArthur
Bruce McCandless II (1937-2017)
William C. McCool (1961-2003), died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle of Columbia disaster STS-107 
Michael J. McCulley
James McDivitt, flew on Apollo 9
Ronald McNair (1950-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster
Leland D. Melvin
Mike Melvill, first commercial (launched by a private company) astronaut; suborbital flight only
(1930-2016), flew on Edgar Mitchell Apollo 14  
Andreas Mogensen, first Dane in space
Abdul Ahad Mohmand, first Afghan in space
Chiaki Mukai, first Japanese woman in space
Talgat Musabayev, first Kazakh citizen in space Story Musgrave
Gennady Padalka, as of 2015, has spent longer in space than any other person, at 879.48 days over five flights
Ronald A. Parise (1951-2008)
Viktor Patsayev (1933-1971), died during Soyuz 11
Gary Payton, first military astronaut
Philippe Perrin, first Morocco-born man in space
Pham Tuân, first Vietnamese and first Asian in space
William Pogue (1930-2014)
Alan G. Poindexter (1961-2012) 
/ Valeri Polyakov, holds record for single longest spaceflight, 437 days
Marcos Pontes, first Brazilian in space
Pavel Popovich (1930-2009), first Ukrainian-born person in space
Sergey Prokopyev Dumitru Prunariu, first Romanian in space
Ilan Ramon (1954-2003), first Israeli in space; died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle of Columbia disaster STS-107  
James F. Reilly
Thomas Reiter, first German to walk in space and first ESA astronaut to stay on the ISS
Vladimír Remek, first Czechoslovak and first non-Soviet European in space
Judith Resnik (1949-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster
Paul W. Richards
Richard N. Richards
Sally Ride (1951-2012), first American woman in space
(1933-1994), flew on Stuart Roosa Apollo 14 
Jerry L. Ross, flew on seven space flights
Nikolay Rukavishnikov (1932-2002)
Mario Runco, Jr.
/ Valery Ryumin Sergey Nikolayevich Ryzhikov
Gennadi Sarafanov (1942-2005)
Svetlana Savitskaya, first woman to walk in space
Wally Schirra (1923-2007)
, flew on Harrison Schmitt Apollo 17
Dick Scobee (1939-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster
/ Paul Scully-Power
Richard A. Searfoss
Margaret Rhea Seddon
Ronald M. Sega
/ Piers Sellers (1955-2016)
/ Aleksandr Serebrov
Yuri Shargin, first Russian military cosmonaut
Salizhan Sharipov, first  Kyrgyzstan-born man in space
Rakesh Sharma, first Indian in space
Helen Sharman, first Briton in space
Vladimir Shatalov, first Kazakhstan-born man in space
(1923-1998), first Alan Shepard American in space 
Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, first Malaysian in space
Georgy Shonin (1935-1997)
Mark Shuttleworth, second spaceflight participant and first South African in space
/ Charles Simonyi, fifth spaceflight participant; second Hungarian in space after Bertalan Farkas
Donald "Deke" Slayton (1924-1993), a Mercury astronaut
> Anatoly Solovyev, first Latvian-born man in space
Thomas P. Stafford
/ Gennadi Strekalov (1940-2004)
Kathryn D. Sullivan, first American woman to walk in space
Steven Swanson (1931-1982), flew on John "Jack" Swigert Apollo 13  
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