Richard Miller Flanagan (born 1961) is an Australian novelist from Tasmania. "Considered by many to be the finest Australian novelist of his generation", according to The Economist, each of his novels has attracted major praise and received numerous awards and honours. He also has written and directed feature films. He won the 2014 Man Booker Prize for The Narrow Road to the Deep North.
Early life and education
Flanagan was born in Longford, Tasmania, in 1961, the fifth of six children. He is descended from Irish convicts transported during the Great Famine in Ireland to Van Diemen's Land. Flanagan's father was a survivor of the Burma Death Railway and one of his three brothers is Australian rules football journalist Martin Flanagan.
Flanagan grew up in the remote mining town of Rosebery on Tasmania's western coast.
Flanagan left school at the age of 16 but returned to study at the University of Tasmania, where he was president of the Tasmania University Union in 1983. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts with First-Class Honours. The following year, he was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship at Worcester College, Oxford, where he was admitted to the degree of Master of Letters in History.
Flanagan wrote four non-fiction works before moving to fiction, works he has called "his apprenticeship". One of these was an autobiography of 'Australia's greatest con man', John Friedrich, which Flanagan ghost wrote in six weeks to make money to write his first novel. Friedrich killed himself in the middle of the book's writing and it was published posthumously. Simon Caterson, writing in The Australian, described it as "one of the least reliable but most fascinating memoirs in the annals of Australian publishing".
His first novel, Death of a River Guide (1994), is the tale of Aljaz Cosini, river guide, who lies drowning, reliving his life and the lives of his family and forebears. It was described by The Times Literary Supplement as "one of the most auspicious debuts in Australian writing". His next book, The Sound of One Hand Clapping (1997), which tells the story of Slovenian immigrants, was a major bestseller, selling more than 150,000 copies in Australia alone. Flanagan's first two novels, declared Kirkus Reviews, "rank with the finest fiction out of Australia since the heyday of Patrick White".
Gould's Book of Fish (2001), Flanagan's third novel, is based on the life of William Buelow Gould, a convict artist, and tells the tale of his love affair with a young black woman in 1828. It went on to win the 2002 Commonwealth Writers' Prize. Flanagan has described these early novels as 'soul histories'. His fourth novel was The Unknown Terrorist (2006), which The New York Times called "stunning ... a brilliant meditation upon the post-9/11 world". His fifth novel, Wanting (2008) tells two parallel stories: about the novelist Charles Dickens in England, and Mathinna, an Aboriginal orphan adopted by Sir John Franklin, the colonial governor of Van Diemen's Land, and his wife, Lady Jane Franklin. As well as being a New Yorker Book of the Year and Observer Book of the Year, it won the Queensland Premier's Prize, the Western Australian Premier's Prize and the Tasmania Book Prize. His sixth novel was The Narrow Road to the Deep North (2013). The life story of Dorrigo Evans, a flawed war hero and survivor of the Death Railway, it has been hailed by The Australian as "beyond comparison ... An immense achievement" and "a masterpiece" by The Guardian. It won the 2014 Man Booker Prize.
His most recent novel is First Person, based loosely on his experience early in his writing career ghost-writing the autobiography of John Friedrich.
Richard Flanagan has written on literature, the environment, art and politics for the Australian and international press including Le Monde, The Daily Telegraph (London), Suddeutsche Zeitung, The Monthly, The New York Times, and the New Yorker. Some of his writings have proved controversial. "The Selling-out of Tasmania", published after the death of former Premier Jim Bacon in 2004, was critical of the Bacon government's relationship with corporate interests in the state. Premier Paul Lennon declared, "Richard Flanagan and his fictions are not welcome in the new Tasmania".
Flanagan's 2007 essay on logging company Gunns, then the biggest hardwood woodchipper in the world, "Gunns. Out of Control" in The Monthly, first published as "Paradise Razed" in The Telegraph (London), inspired Sydney businessman Geoffrey Cousins' high-profile campaign to stop the building of Gunns' two billion dollar Bell Bay Pulp Mill. Cousins reprinted 50,000 copies of the essay for letterboxing in the electorates of Australia's environment minister and opposition environment spokesperson. Gunns subsequently collapsed with huge debt, its CEO John Gay found guilty of insider trading, and the pulp mill was never built. Flanagan's essay won the 2008 John Curtin Prize for Journalism.
A collection of his non-fiction was published as And What Do You Do, Mr Gable? (2011).
In 2015 he published Notes on an Exodus, on the Syrian refugee crisis, arising out of visiting refugee camps in Lebanon, Greece, and meeting refugees in Serbia. The book also features sketches made by the noted Australian artist Ben Quilty, who travelled with Flanagan to meet the refugees.
The 1998 film of The Sound of One Hand Clapping, written and directed by Flanagan, was nominated for the Golden Bear at that year's Berlin Film Festival.
He worked with Baz Luhrmann as a writer on the 2008 film Australia.
Flanagan is an ambassador for the Indigenous Literacy Foundation, to which he donated his $40,000 prize money on winning the Australian Prime Minister's Literary Prize in 2014. A painting of Richard Flanagan by artist Geoffrey Dyer won the 2003 Archibald Prize. A rapid on the Franklin River, Flanagan's Surprise, is named after him.
Flanagan lives in Hobart, Tasmania with his wife, Majda (née Smolej) and has three daughters, Rosie, Jean and Eliza.
His life was the subject of a BAFTA award-winning BBC documentary, Life After Death.
- (1985) A Terrible Beauty: History of the Gordon River Country
- (1990) The Rest of the World Is Watching -- Tasmania and the Greens (co-editor)
- (1991) Codename Iago: The Story of John Friedrich (co-writer)
- (1991) Parish-Fed Bastards. A History of the Politics of the Unemployed in Britain, 1884-1939
- (2011) And What Do You Do, Mr Gable?
- (2015) Notes On An Exodus
Awards and Honours
- (1996) National Fiction Award for Death of a River Guide
- (1995) Victorian Premier's Prize for Best First Fiction (for Death of a River Guide)
- (1998) National Booksellers award for Best Book for The Sound of One Hand Clapping
- (1998) Victorian Premier's Prize for Best Novel The Sound of One hand Clapping)
- (2002) Australian Literary Society Gold Medal (for Gould's Book of Fish: A Novel in Twelve Fish)
- (2002) Victorian Premier's Prize for Fiction for Gould's Book of Fish: A Novel in Twelve Fish
- (2002) The Commonwealth Writers' Prize (for Gould's Book of Fish: A Novel in Twelve Fish)
- (2008) Western Australian Premier's Literary Award for Fiction (for Wanting) 
- (2009) Queensland Premier's Literary Award for Fiction (for Wanting)
- (2011) Tasmania Book Prize (for Wanting) 
- (2014) Western Australian Premier's Literary Award for Fiction (for The Narrow Road to the Deep North)
- (2014) Queensland Premier's Literary Award for Fiction (for The Narrow Road to the Deep North) 
- (2014) The Man Booker Prize for Fiction (for The Narrow Road to the Deep North) 
- (2014) Australian Prime Minister's Literary Prize (for The Narrow Road to the Deep North) 
- (2015) Margaret Scott Prize (for The Narrow Road to the Deep North)
- (2016) The Athens Prize for Literature (for The Narrow Road to the Deep North) 
- (2016) Lire Prix du meilleur livre étranger (for The Narrow Road to the Deep North) 
- ^ "New fiction: Remembrance - The Economist". The Economist. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/24/books/man-booker-prize-2014-longlist-announced.html
- ^ Dynasties 2: More Remarkable and Influential Australian Families (1 ed.). Books for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2006. pp. 31-32. ISBN 9780733317675.
- ^ a b "Notes for Reading Groups - Richard Flanagan" (PDF). Picador Australia. 3 November 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 October 2009. Retrieved 2009.
- ^ a b "Richard Flanagan". The British Council. Retrieved .
- ^ Our Authors, Random House Australia
- ^ "Author Biography". www.bookbrowse.com. 30 April 2007. Retrieved .
- ^ http://www.theaustralian.com.au/arts/all-memoirs-are-verily-unreliable/story-e6frg8n6-1111116038527
- ^ Smith, Vivian (3 October 1997). "Down the Franklin". The Times Literary Supplement. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ Death of a River Guide, Kirkus Reviews, 1 March 2001
- ^ Kakutani, Michiko (8 May 2007). "A Misunderstanding, and a Simple Life Descends Into a Nightmare". The New York Times.
- ^ "Poetry without a shred of pity". The Australian. News Corp Australia. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ Williams, Michael (26 September 2013). "Dinner with Richard Flanagan, a child of the death railway". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "Richard Flanagan wins Man Booker Prize for The Narrow Road to the Deep North". Daily Telegraph. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "Man Booker Prize 2014: The Narrow Road to the Deep North author Richard Flanagan becomes third Australian to win the literary accolade". Independent. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ First Person
- ^ See for example http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2013/01/21/130121fa_fact_flanagan
- ^ "Australian Story". Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "Themonthly.com". The Monthly. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ Flanagan, Richard (28 June 2007). "Paradise razed". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- ^ "SMH.com.au". Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "The corporate assassin". Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "Pulp mill fight moves into MPs' backyards - Environment". The Sydney Morning Herald. 28 August 2007.
- ^ "Garrett hedges bets on mill - Environment". The Sydney Morning Herald. 29 August 2007.
- ^ "Gunns failure a story of corporate greed and hubris, say mill's critics". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "Commonwealth pursues Gay for proceeds of crime". ABC News. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ http://archive.premier.vic.gov.au/newsroom/4607.html
- ^ "Berlinale: 1998 Programme". berlinale.de. Retrieved .
- ^ http://www.booksellerandpublisher.com.au/item/32546
- ^ https://www.indigenousliteracyfoundation.org.au/richard-flanagan-gifts-pms-literary-award-winnings.html
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 2009.
- ^ Peter Griffiths and Bruce Baxter,(2010) The Ever-Varying Flood. A History and Guide to the Franklin River. (2nd ed.) Preston, Vic. ISBN 0-9586647-1-4 p.57
- ^ https://vimeo.com/135694839
- ^ MacFarlane, Robert (26 May 2002). "Con fishing". London: The Guardian. Retrieved .
- ^ "Review of Gould's Book of Fish". Retrieved 2014.
- ^ González Cueto, Irene (2017-03-06). "Nadando contracorriente con El libro de los peces de William Gould, de Richard Flanagan". Cultural Resuena (in Spanish).
- ^ The Unknown Terrorist official site
- ^ ABC.net.au Transcript of interview with Ramona Koval on The Book Show, ABC Radio National on his novel "Wanting", 12/11/2008
- ^ Themonthly.com, Video: Interview with Richard Flanagan about Wanting and Baz Luhrmann's Australia
- ^ Official Australian Wanting book website
- ^ Boyd, William (28 June 2009). "Saints and Savages". The New York Times.
- ^ Williams, MIchael (26 September 2013). "Dinner with Richard Flanagan, a child of the death railway". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013.
- ^ Williamson, Geordie (28 September 2013). "Poetry without a shred of pity". The Australian. Retrieved 2013.
- ^ "A terrible beauty : history of the Gordon River country / Richard Flanagan". National Library of Australia. Retrieved .
- ^ "The Rest of the world is watching". National Library of Australia. Retrieved .
- ^ "Codename Iago : the story of John Friedrich : by John Friedrich with Richard Flanagan". National Library of Australia. Retrieved .
- ^ "Richard Flanagan". www.middlemiss.org. 20 December 2004. Retrieved .
- ^ ""Parish-fed bastards" : a history of the politics of the unemployed in Britain, 1884-1939 / Richard ... - National Library of Australia". Retrieved 2014.
- ^ http://pba.slwa.wa.gov.au/awards_archive/2008
- ^ http://www.booksandpublishing.com.au/articles/2011/04/04/19340/2011-tasmanian-book-prizes-winners-announced/
- ^ http://qldlitawards.org.au/winners/2014-winners
- ^ http://themanbookerprize.com/fiction/backlist/2014
- ^ http://www.theaustralian.com.au/arts/books/tony-abbott-overruled-panel-to-insist-critic-richard-flanagan-shared-award/news-story/f4f66efe8fe4eb33be7e0c7854cf92b6
- ^ Hodgman, Will (2 December 2015). "Winners of the Premier's Literary Prizes". Department of Premier and Cabinet. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ http://www.lavart.gr/ston-richard-flanagan-to-athens-prize-for-literature-deltio-tipou/
- ^ http://www.lexpress.fr/culture/livre/les-20-meilleurs-livres-de-2016-selon-lire_1856125.html