Shu%CA%BFba Ibn Al-%E1%B8%A4ajj%C4%81j
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Shu%CA%BFba Ibn Al-%E1%B8%A4ajj%C4%81j
Shu?ba bin al-?ajj?j
Born85 AH[1]
W?si?
Died160 AH[2]
Ba?ra
ReligionIslam
Main interest(s)Hadith studies

Shu?ba bin al-?ajj?j bin al-Ward, Ab? Bism al-?Atak? (Arabic: ? ? ?‎) (c. 85-160/704-776 AH/CE) was an early, devout Muslim, who was known for both his knowledge of poetry and of ?ad?th. His scrupulousness in ?ad?th transmission, alongside other scholars such as Sufy?n al-Thawr?, is understood to have laid the foundation for the concretization of ?ad?th sciences.

Biography

Shu?ba bin al-?ajj?j was born with a speech impediment (althagh) sometime between the years 80-86 AH, though likely 85, in W?si?, a historical city located on the west bank of the Tigris River in central ?Ir?q. He then moved to Ba?ra as a child, where lived, studied, and later died in 160/776 AH/CE due to plague.[1] Another famous scholar and ?ad?th transmitter, Sufy?n al-Thawr?, called Shu?ba "commander of the faithful concerning ?ad?th" (am?r al-mu'min?n f? al-?ad?th), but Shu?ba himself is quoted by Ibn Qutayba al-D?nawar? as saying "By God, truly in poetry I am more sound than in ?ad?th."[1] He was instrumental in transmitting ?ad?th, and is understood to be one of the first individuals mentioned as a z?hid amongst the early ?ad?th transmitters. Although Ab? ?an?fa and ?Abd All?h bin li? al-?Ajl? al-K?f? levelled critiques against his transmissions.[3][4] It is mentioned in al-Dhahabi's T?r?kh al-Isl?m that Shu?ba studied masil (juridical affairs) under both Anas Ibn M?lik and ?asan al-Ba?r?, but not much is known of his juridical endeavors.[2] However, his appearance in the ?ad?th transmitted by individuals such as Sufyan al-Thawri and al-Bukhari show the prominent place he held in the early circles of ?ad?th transmitters and other scholars. Furthermore, there are many reports that mention the devotion of Shu?ba, including: helping the poor, avoiding ostentatious displays of knowledge and wealth, and participating in renunciatory acts.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c Ibn Qutayba al-D?nawar?, al-Marif, v. 1, 501.
  2. ^ a b Al-Dhahab?, T?r?kh al-Isl?m, shamela, v.1, 430.
  3. ^ ?Abd All?h bin li? al-?Ajl? al-K?f?, Ma?rifa al-Thiq?t al-Rij?l Ahl al-?Ilm wa al-?ad?th, v. 1, 456.
  4. ^ Brill, Encyclopaedia of Islam, S?h?u?ba b. al- ?ad?j?d?jd?j?
  5. ^ Abu al-Faraj al-Jawz?, Al-Munta?im fi T?r?kh al-Mul?k wa al-Umam, v. 8, 243-5.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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