Shu?ba bin al-?ajj?j bin al-Ward, Ab? Bism al-?Atak? (Arabic: ? ? ?) (c. 85-160/704-776 AH/CE) was an early, devout Muslim, who was known for both his knowledge of poetry and of ?ad?th. His scrupulousness in ?ad?th transmission, alongside other scholars such as Sufy?n al-Thawr?, is understood to have laid the foundation for the concretization of ?ad?th sciences.
Shu?ba bin al-?ajj?j was born with a speech impediment (althagh) sometime between the years 80-86 AH, though likely 85, in W?si?, a historical city located on the west bank of the Tigris River in central ?Ir?q. He then moved to Ba?ra as a child, where lived, studied, and later died in 160/776 AH/CE due to plague. Another famous scholar and ?ad?th transmitter, Sufy?n al-Thawr?, called Shu?ba "commander of the faithful concerning ?ad?th" (am?r al-mu'min?n f? al-?ad?th), but Shu?ba himself is quoted by Ibn Qutayba al-D?nawar? as saying "By God, truly in poetry I am more sound than in ?ad?th." He was instrumental in transmitting ?ad?th, and is understood to be one of the first individuals mentioned as a z?hid amongst the early ?ad?th transmitters. Although Ab? ?an?fa and ?Abd All?h bin li? al-?Ajl? al-K?f? levelled critiques against his transmissions. It is mentioned in al-Dhahabi's T?r?kh al-Isl?m that Shu?ba studied masil (juridical affairs) under both Anas Ibn M?lik and ?asan al-Ba?r?, but not much is known of his juridical endeavors. However, his appearance in the ?ad?th transmitted by individuals such as Sufyan al-Thawri and al-Bukhari show the prominent place he held in the early circles of ?ad?th transmitters and other scholars. Furthermore, there are many reports that mention the devotion of Shu?ba, including: helping the poor, avoiding ostentatious displays of knowledge and wealth, and participating in renunciatory acts.