|Sumner County, Tennessee|
Sumner County Courthouse in Gallatin
Location in the U.S. state of Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Jethro Sumner|
|o Total||543 sq mi (1,406 km2)|
|o Land||529 sq mi (1,370 km2)|
|o Water||14 sq mi (36 km2), 2.5%|
|o Density||340/sq mi (130/km2)|
Sumner County is a county located on the central northern border of the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 160,645. Its county seat is Gallatin, and its largest city is Hendersonville. The county is named for American Revolutionary War hero General Jethro Sumner.
Sumner County is part of the Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county is made up of eight cities including Gallatin, Goodlettsville, Hendersonville, Millersville, Mitchellville, Portland, Westmoreland and White House. Sumner County is 25 miles northeast of Nashville.
Prior to European colonization, the county had been inhabited by various cultures of Native Americans for several thousand years. Nomadic Paleo and Archaic hunter-gatherer campsites, as well as substantial Woodland and Mississippian-period occupation sites and burial grounds can be found scattered throughout the county.
The majority of these sites exist along natural waterways, with the highest concentration occurring along what is now known as the Cumberland River. Mississippian period earthwork mounds can still be seen in Hendersonville, and most notably, at Castalian Springs. British colonial longhunters traveled into the area as early as the 1760s, following existing Indian and buffalo trails.
By the early 1780s, several trading posts had been erected in the region. The most prominent was Mansker's Station, which was built by Kasper Mansker near a salt lick (modern Goodlettsville developed here); another was Bledsoe's Station, built by Isaac Bledsoe at Castilian Springs. Sumner County was organized in 1786 after the American Revolutionary War, when Tennessee was still a part of the former colony of North Carolina. Sumner County was created in 1789.
Sumner County is located in Middle Tennessee on the state's northern border with Kentucky. The Cumberland River was important in early trade and transportation for this area, as it flows into the Ohio River to the west. That leads to the Mississippi River, and downriver to the major port of New Orleans. Sumner County is in the Greater Nashville metropolitan area.
As of the census of 2000, there were 130,449 people, 48,941 households, and 37,048 families residing in the county. The population density was 246 people per square mile (95/km²). There were 51,657 housing units at an average density of 98 per square mile (38/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.49% White, 5.78% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.80% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 1.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
In 2000 there were 48,941 households out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.10% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.30% were non-families. 20.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 10.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $46,030, and the median income for a family was $52,125. Males had a median income of $36,875 versus $25,720 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,164. About 6.20% of families and 8.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.
Schools in the county are governed by the Sumner County Board of Education. The twelve-member group consists of eleven elected representatives from each of the eleven educational districts in the county, as well as the Director of Schools. The members serve staggered four-year terms; the Director serves under contract with the Board of Education. The board conducts monthly meetings that are open to the public.
Elementary schools (K-5)
Middle schools (6-8)
High schools (9-12)
Submarine innovator Horace Lawson Hunley was born in Sumner County on June 20, 1823. On October 15, 1863, Hunley, along with seven other crewmen, drowned while making a test dive in Charleston Harbor near Fort Pinckney. Following his death, the submarine, unofficially known as the "Fish Boat," was renamed the H.L. Hunley in his honor. On the night of February 17, 1864, the Hunley sank the USS Housatonic, making it the first submarine to sink an enemy vessel.
|2016||70.1% 50,129||25.4% 18,161||4.5% 3,215|
|2012||70.3% 46,003||28.4% 18,579||1.3% 875|
|2008||66.7% 44,949||31.9% 21,487||1.4% 926|
|2004||64.8% 40,181||34.6% 21,458||0.5% 329|
|2000||54.7% 27,601||43.8% 22,118||1.5% 758|
|1996||48.4% 20,863||44.5% 19,205||7.2% 3,086|
|1992||41.3% 17,401||46.0% 19,387||12.7% 5,344|
|1988||62.2% 19,523||37.3% 11,702||0.5% 164|
|1984||61.1% 18,442||38.2% 11,535||0.7% 209|
|1980||44.4% 11,876||52.9% 14,150||2.7% 709|
|1976||36.1% 7,946||62.9% 13,848||1.0% 213|
|1972||66.1% 10,020||30.3% 4,596||3.6% 541|
|1968||27.4% 4,519||26.5% 4,376||46.1% 7,592|
|1964||27.4% 3,437||72.6% 9,102|
|1960||34.0% 3,491||65.2% 6,687||0.8% 83|
|1956||22.3% 2,123||77.3% 7,368||0.4% 36|
|1952||28.1% 2,233||71.4% 5,674||0.5% 40|
|1948||15.8% 793||73.7% 3,688||10.5% 525|
|1944||19.5% 990||80.3% 4,076||0.2% 10|
|1940||18.8% 834||80.8% 3,591||0.5% 22|
|1936||14.1% 517||85.8% 3,146||0.1% 3|
|1932||8.9% 382||90.5% 3,893||0.7% 28|
|1928||29.1% 1,045||70.8% 2,541||0.1% 2|
|1924||13.9% 435||84.3% 2,631||1.8% 57|
|1920||25.6% 1,268||74.0% 3,674||0.4% 21|
|1916||19.3% 612||78.3% 2,487||2.4% 76|
|1912||22.6% 769||72.9% 2,477||4.4% 150|